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Full text of "Transactions of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society"




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1930 

YEAR BOOK 



OF THE 



MASSACHUSETTS 
HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 




WITH THE 

ANNUAL REPORT 

FOR 1929 



Foreword 

The Committee on Lectures and Publications has 
the honor to present the seventh number of the 
Society's Year Book with which is combined the 
Annual Report for the year 1929. 

E. H. Wilson, Chairman. 

Boston, Mass. 
April 1, 1930. 



Table of Contents 

Foreword 3 

Officers for 1930 9 

Committees and Judges for 1930 11 

The Influence of Certain Economic Plants .... 13 

Medals and Certificates for 1929 33 

Mutations and Variations in the Gladiolus .... 53 

George Eobert White Medal Award in 1929 .... 58 

Garden Clubs in Massachusetts 60 

Exhibitions in the Year 1930 66 

Medals and Certificates of the Massachusetts Horticul- 
tural Society 67 

Award to Mr. Ben Perley Poore Moseley 69 

Thomas Roland 1863-1929 71 

How to Use the Library 73 

Gifts to the Library 75 

Library Accessions . . . 76 

Periodicals Currently Received, 1929 82 

Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and Flower Mission . . 87 

The Inaugural Meeting . . .91 

The President's Address . . . * 91 

Report of the Secretary 96 

Announcement of Gifts 100 

Report of the Treasurer 101 

Report of the Committee on Lectures and Publications 108 

Report of the Committee on Prizes 110 

Report of the Library Committee 112 

Committee on the Products of Children's Gardens . . 113 

Membership in the Massachusetts Horticultural Society . 115 

Necrology 116 

Honorary Members . .117 

Corresponding Members 117 

New Members in 1929 120 



List of Illustrations 

Joseph E. Chandler 8 

Samuel J. Goddard 10 

James Methven 12 

A General View of the Garden of Mrs. Gustavus D. Parker 
at Wianno, Mass., Which Was Awarded a Gold Medal 
in 1929 34 

A View of the Eose Garden on Mrs. Parker's Estate . . 38 

The Beautiful Formal Garden of Mr. and Mrs. Harry 
Hay ward at Franklin, Mass., Which Was Awarded a 
Silver Medal in 1929 . .40 

An Interesting Feature of the Garden of Mr. and Mrs. 
Henry B. Pennell at Cohasset, Awarded a Bronze 
Medal in 1929 44 

The Unique Garden of Mr. Paul Frost, Cambridge, Which 
Was Awarded a Garden Certificate in 1929 . . .46 

The Charming City Garden of Mrs. Frederick Hussey of 
Salem, Mass., Which Was Given a Certificate in 1929 . 50 

Mutations and Variations in the Gladiolus . . . 54, 56 

Miss Gertrude Jekyll 58 

Charles Sander 65 

Frank R. Pierson 65 

A Huge Cycas Revoluta Shown by Mr. and Mrs. Albert 
C. Burr age at the Centennial Autumn Exhibition in 
Boston 69 

Thomas Roland .70 

Loring Underwood 70 

Mr. Moseley's Prize Winning Porch 72 

The Exhibit of Jelle Roos Which Won a Gold Medal at the 
Dahlia Exhibition in 1929 90 




Joseph E. Chandler 

Who was elected a trustee early in 1930 to succeed the late 
Loring Underwood 



Massachusetts Horticultural Society 



OFFICERS FOR 1930 



President 
ALBERT C. BURRAGE, of^Boston 

Vice-Presidents 
OAKES AMES, of North Easton 
EDWIN S. WEBSTER, of Boston 

Treasurer 
JOHN S. AMES, of North Easton 

Secretary 
EDWARD I. FARRINGTON, of Weymouth 

Trustees 

JOHN S. AMES, or North Easton 

OAKES AMES, of North Easton 

FRANCIS H. APPLETON, of Boston 

ALBERT C. BURRAGE, or Boston 

MISS MARIAN R. CASE, of Weston 

HOWARD COONLEY, or Readville 

MRS, S. V. R. CROSBY, or Boston 

WILLIAM C. ENDICOTT, OF BOSTON 

MRS. HOMER GAGE, of Worcester 

G. PEABODY GARDNER, JR., of Brookline 

SAMUEL J. GODDARD, of Framingham 

WALTER HUNNEWELL, of Welle sley 

NATHANIEL T. KIDDER, of Milton 

ARTHUR LYMAN, of Boston 

JAMES METHVEN, of Jamaica Plain 

ROBERT G. STONE, of Brookline 

MRS. BAYARD THAYER, of South Lancaster 

GEORGE 0. THURLOW, of West Newbury 

HENRY P. WALCOTT, of Cambridge 

EDWIN S. WEBSTER, of Boston 

ERNEST H. WILSON, of Jamaica Plain 

FRED A. WILSON, of Nahant 



Samuel J. Goddard 

of Framingham, who was elected a trustee late in 1929 to succeed 
the late Thomas Roland 



COMMITTEES AND JUDGES FOR 1930 



Finance Committee 



ALBERT C. BURRAGE, Chairman 
JOHN S. AMES EDWIN S. WEBSTER 

Executive Committee 

ALBERT C. BURRAGE, Chairman 
JOHN S. AMES MRS. HOMER GAGE 

OAKES AMES EDWIN S. WEBSTER 

Membership Committee 

WALTER HUNNEWELL, Chairman 

ROBERT G. STONE G. PEABODY GARDNER, JR. 

Committee on Prizes 

GEORGE C. THURLOW, Chairman 
S. J. GODDARD ROBERT ROLAND 

Committee on Exhibitions 

ERNEST H. WILSON, Chairman 
HOWARD COONLEY JAMES METHVEIs 

HARLAN P. KELSEY GEORGE BUTTERWORTH 

Committee on the Library 

NATHANIEL T. KIDDER, Chairman 
JOHN S. AMES MRS. BAYARD THAYER 

Committee on Lectures and Publications 

ERNEST H. WILSON, Chairman 
HOWARD COONLEY ROBERT G. STONE 

Committee on Building 

FRED A. WILSON, Chairman 
JOHN S. AMES ARTHUR LYMAN 

Committee on Gardens 

WILLIAM C. ENDICOTT, Chairman 
MRS. BAYARD THAYER WALTER HUNNEWELL 

MRS. F. B. CROWNINSHIELD MRS. S. V. R. CROSBY 

Medal Committee 

OAKES AMES, Chairman 
WILLIAM 0. ENDICOTT ERNEST H. WILSON 

MRS. S. V. R. CROSBY GEORGE 0. THURLOW 

Committee on Children's Gardens 

MISS MARIAN ROBY CASE, Chairman 
MRS. LEWIS A. ELLIOTT D. W. O'BRIEN 




James Methveit 
Who was elected a trustee at the Annual Meeting in 1929 



The Influence of Certain 
Economic Plants* 

It is remarkably easy to become dominated with an idea 
or a thing so that its importance is magnified beyond reality. 
Yet it does seem that some of our economic plants have had 
an effect upon politics and people, therefore upon history, 
which it would be hard to exaggerate. My confirmed habit 
of note taking, during a few years and during the reading 
of several volumes upon varied subjects, resulted in a collec- 
tion of material which appears to present the importance of 
certain plants, as affecting world development. These things 
will not be new to readers, nor will they be original in the 
sense of being dug out of obscure sources by hard labor. 
Rather call it an accident that these many scattered notes 
grouped themselves to sustain the thesis that some economic 
plants have affected people and events more than is gener- 
ally realized. 

Chesterton once wrote, in his ironic vein, looping together 
cause and effect of many strangely dissociated things, ex- 
plaining how the rutabaga turnip was the cause of high- 
front houses in Chicago. His chain of circumstances wears 
thin and is long. Yet one economic fact may preface the 
story of some of our plants. A people can not indulge in the 
so-called fine arts until there is a surplus left over from 
employment in the so-called useful arts. An astronomer or 
a botanist, for example, in our Plymouth Colony, in the 
early 1620's, would have been frowned upon and probably 
sent back to England, if he insisted on doing no other work 
than his chosen profession. The means of subsistence were 
too near the starvation line for any participation in the 
fine arts. But whenever a people reach a position well above 
the starvation line, and there is a surplus for more than 
mere needs, then comes encouragement to the fine arts. It 
is not, therefore, too bold to say that pepper was the cause 
of the flourishing periods of artistic endeavor and triumph 
in Venice, in Spain and in the Lowlands. 

Spices from the Orient 

The spice trade is full of romance. Spices and perfumes 



*From a talk by Mr. Fred A. Wilson, a Trustee of the Massachusetts Horticul- 
tural Society, at a meeting of the Horticultural Club of Boston. 

13 



14 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

were the chief commodities brought from the vague Orient 
to the Mediterranean basin over a long period. They were 
of great value and were prized on that account. If you stop 
and listen you can still hear the creaking of the camel trains. 
As in all ages the things that cost are sought, which is evi- 
dence of the continuing worship of that great God I-Can- 
Afford. Keeping up with Lizzie has been a feature of all 
ages. The book of that title, by the way, which originated 
the slang phrase, should be read by everyone annually. On 
a great sacred occasion gold and frankincense and myrrh 
were the costly gifts, selected with care, and thought worthy 
of presentation. 

Few white men went far east from the Mediterranean. 
Great caravans brought these spices over the desert wastes, 
camel trains tinkling in the dust. The Arabians discouraged 
travel in their direction and told tall tales of trouble, even 
of giants and ogres. Finally Marco Polo and a group with 
him went into Indo-China late in the thirteenth century, but 
they did not open up many trade routes. The Arabians held 
this country by fair means and foul, and were the great 
middlemen, purchasing in the terrible unknown Far East 
and selling in the West. It is the harder to realize the im- 
portance of this spice trade because spices today are cheap 
and common. Their importance may be appreciated when 
one considers the loss to food flavors if all spices were gone. 
This was much more important centuries ago, when food 
was in far less variety. 

In the Middle Ages a pound of ginger would buy a sheep, 
and a pound of cloves was seven times as valuable. Two 
pounds of mace were worth a cow. As for pepper, when 
Alaric captured Rome he demanded as tribute 5,000 pounds 
of gold, 2,000 pounds of silver and 2,000 pounds of pepper. 
In England rent was sometimes paid in pepper. With the 
limited diet of the times these seasonings were especially 
welcomed. They were also thought to have some preserva- 
tive value, and at least they killed the odors of "strong" 
meat. It is said that the origin of incense, made from spices, 
lies in odors, back in the days when cleanliness was not 
the second greatest virtue, and people herded closely in 
churches. 



INFLUENCE OF ECONOMIC PLANTS 15 

Today there are more varieties of spices in the trade. The 
old Romans knew pepper, cardamom, tumeric, cassia and 
ginger, all of which Persia brought from India. Cloves, nut- 
meg and mace grew in the Spice Islands, and no trader went 
that far in the old Roman days. Then came the Dark Ages, 
and when light returned it was the Arabs who had the India 
trade, centered around Damascus. They sold out to the 
Venetians, and Venice ruled the Mediterranean. The list 
was increased, for the Arabs had gone to the Spice Islands 
and in Ceylon had found cinnamon. The spices of Araby are 
famous in song and story, but the Arabs never grew them. 
The great rain forests of the Far East furnish the best 
seasonings. The Arabian wild tales and vague descriptions, 
intended to prevent interference with their traffic, were long 
effective, and for the white people there was no Far East. 

Venice was Queen of the Mediterranean, then the great 
sea of the world, and from the surplus due to her prosperity 
arose a great period of art. To mention Crivelli, Giorgione, 
Titian, Piombo and Tintoretto, is to name only a few of her 
great masters. 

The spice trade story shifts now to Prince Henry of Por- 
tugal, called Henry the Navigator, about whom "Winwood 
Reade tells entertainingly in "The Martyrdom of Man." He 
went across the straits of Gibraltar and on the African side 
set up an observatory and a court of scientists. He sent out 
many expeditions, creeping farther and farther down the 
African West Coast. Columbus was among the daring sailors 
who thus ventured into the unknown. Many of them were 
delayed at the Gold Coast, and brought back cargoes of 
money value without extending scientific exploration. Fi- 
nally in 1497 da Gama rounded the Cape of Good Hope and 
reached Calicut. 

Soon Portuguese ship traders were in every port on the 
Malabar Coast. They were after spices and they carried 
home only spices — pepper, ginger, cinnamon and cardamom. 
They finally seized the island of Ceylon, which was full of 
cinnamon forests, and created a cinnamon monopoly. In 
pepper also they were at the top. Then they seized Goa, a 
stronghold of spice export, and built a warehouse and fort- 
ress. Here once lived two men of fame : the preacher St. 



16 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTUEAL SOCIETY 

Francis Xavier, and the great poet Camoens, who was exiled 
from Portugal, the author of the "Lusiad." 

Portugal was mistress of the seas, successor to Venice as 
the maritime capital of Europe. Venice was toppled over 
because land trade routes were abandoned for these water 
routes. The Portuguese East India Company was wealthy 
and made exorbitant profits. Portugal's policy of excluding 
other nations, her terrible inquisition at Goa, and the grafting 
of her officials, made her overseas empire fail. In 1581 her 
crown united with Spain. Spain thought it easier to plunder 
Aztecs and Incas of ingot sand rubies, and cared nothing 
for the commercial ways that Portugal had followed. 

The downfall of the Portuguese East India Company was 
inevitable, and it was followed by the rise of the Dutch East 
India Company. The Dutch followed the Portuguese and 
took their strongholds. In 1623 they captured an English 
spice factory at Macassar and slaughtered all hands. Crom- 
well later made them pay indemnity, but it was cheap at any 
price, for it left Holland master in the East. The Dutch East 
India Company was the foremost business corporation of the 
times. They paid enormous dividends and Holland became 
very wealthy. 

Here again it is illuminating to observe the influence of 
trade upon the development of the fine arts. Spain and 
Portugal had El Greco and Velasquez. In the period follow- 
ing the commercial supremacy of the Low Countries came 
artists like Rembrandt, Franz Hals, Rubens, Teniers and 
Van Dyck. If we continue to the time of English domination 
we find Hogarth, Reynolds, Romney and Gainsborough com- 
ing into prominence. 

In the seventeenth century, during Dutch supremacy, the 
shipping of Holland was three-quarters of the world's total. 
But the end was coming. Pirates out of China and the 
islands hurt greatly. Cloves and nutmeg went over to Africa 
in 1770, and later to the West Indies. The British took other 
things into the East Indies. The spice trade was broken as 
a monopoly. The Dutch East India Company, which had 
paid as high as forty per cent dividends, failed at fifty 
millions of dollars, and had been for years only a ghost. 

England became the successor to the others in the East, 



INFLUENCE OF ECONOMIC PLANTS 17 

but not because of the spice trade, for that could not remain 
cornered and monopolized. Today competition is keen, mar- 
kets are full and prices are low. It is still an important 
business, largely handled by the Dutch, but it is no longer 
a bonanza. 

America, in its days of shipping, had a share in this 
oriental trade. Between 1800 and 1860 scores of vessels 
sailed long distances, around Cape Horn, across to Canton 
and India. Great fortunes were made. A triangular route 
out of Boston, which included the Columbia River in Oregon, 
was called the Boston-Columbia-China route. Many of the 
stately old houses now seen in New England coast towns, 
were built with money wrested from a sea full of pirates 
and typhoons in pursuit of a forgotten but romantic spice 
trade. Read Morrison's "Maritime History of Massachusetts" 
and get the flavor of it. 

The Power of Plants 

"With this introductory example in mind consider the 
general subject a moment. It is pointed out in Peattie's 
"Cargoes and Harvests" that in the mastery of nature's 
various secrets too much may be attributed to the muscle 
and brain of man, forgetting our absolute dependence upon 
natural factors. The sun is the source of all the possibilities 
of life and living. Yet We depend upon chlorophyll, without 
realizing how much it contributes to our existence. This 
coloring matter, which is in most plants, has been called the 
green blood of the world. It is a factory, working smoothly 
and noiselessly, and making over the inert elements of earth 
and water into sugars, starches and other hydro-carbon 
necessities, such as wood and rubber. From plant products 
come half the business of the world. Many living things 
feed on plants, or on creatures that do so. The chain of 
dependence is quite direct. 

Fertile land is a treasure which in all history has furnished 
the basis for power and all higher civilization. India's na- 
tives have never held world leadership but her conquerors 
have. The last conqueror is England and the spice trade 
took her there, and she stays there because of the wealth 
obtainable from the fields and forests. 



18 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

The power of plant life lies first in the native vegetation. 
Then it is increased by agriculture and the introduction of 
new species adds to it. Investigation finds new uses for 
plants, and a new list of plants for economic uses. The weed 
of one day has been a plant the whole world wanted the 
next day. During the war we used peach pits for gas masks 
— a new use for a formerly worthless part of a plant. Sugar 
was probably once supplied by honey. Then came the Arabs 
with sugar from the East. Here was a new demand — and one 
that is yet increasing. But all the while Europeans were 
growing beets, and soon two chemists found a new use for 
an old plant. Many countries unable to grow sugar cane 
may be sugar producers. Here is more plant power. A marsh 
grass in England is used for paper; Arctic lichens become 
dye-plants. As the human race settles down to a program 
of economy, instead of waste, new lands and new plants 
will be exploited and more plant power will be utilized. 

Holland is a good example of the use of plant resources. 
It has no good drainage, no forests or important native wild 
plants, and the climate is not the most favorable. Yet Dutch- 
men are the gardeners of Europe. Spreading to the East 
Indies, they are the leaders in growing tea, coffee, rice, 
sugar cane, spices and drugs. Holland has a firm grip on 
plant power. Many nations have wasted their plant re- 
sources. The United States has just stopped short of it and 
begun to save our forests, rotate our crops and introduce 
new plants. 

In the ancient world grain was the key to plant power. 
Italy and Greece were not self-supporting, and when the 
Spartans cut bread lines by intercepting the fleet that plied 
from Thrace, they were the victors. The power that lies in 
wheat will be held by nations with large areas and deep 
soils. Today it is Russia, the Argentine, Canada and the 
United States. But they have not and may not always have 
it. Soil gets wheat-sick, as happened in Italy. 

Foodstuffs may always be prominent in plant power con- 
siderations but other plant industries have had remarkable 
histories. In the sixteenth century the spice trade was the 
most profitable ocean-carried commerce in the world. The 
spice trader saw permanence in it ; but today tea, coffee and 



INFLUENCE OP ECONOMIC PLANTS 19 

tobacco use a large part of the money invested in agricul- 
ture. Nations have, tried to keep the profits of certain plant 
trades, but in the long run this can not be done. Today the 
Dutch seem to control quinine, and the Japanese camphor; 
but any policy of exclusion does not seem to give promise 
of long life or best results. 

The Cure for Malaria 

It was down in Peru that the Countess of Chinchon lay 
ill of malaria. A local nearby worthy sent her doctor a 
parcel of red bark with instructions how to use it, and 
behold, she was cured. It was the first known cure for 
malaria, a very dreaded disease. Some of this bark was 
carried back to Spain by the Countess and her husband and 
her doctor. Soon the Jesuits heard of it and spread it around 
the earth so that it was called Jesuits' bark. Malaria is 
caused by a variety of mosquito which is not the common 
one that pesters us. It was an unchecked disease. Even 
empires may have been wasted by it, and the onward thrust 
of armies halted. There are various tales of how this cure for 
malaria first came to be used, but nothing is certain about it. 

For a while the Protestants, of course, would not use the 
bark because the Jesuits believed in it. But it came into its 
own as a grand medicine. The Count of Chinchon went back 
to the Andes to get more and soon the pillage of the chin- 
chona forests began. Trees were cut much faster than they 
could grow, and wasteful methods of collecting the bark 
were common. Chinchona plants were brought to Europe, 
but only as curiosities. In 1846 one was raised from seed in 
Paris. The French started a small plantation in Algeria, but 
without success. The Dutch found the right climate in 
Java. They had great difficulty in getting stocks, for South 
America did not propose to see her quinine trade split up 
or drifting away. After danger and hardship a stock was 
rushed to Java. Today the Dutch have about 25,000 acres 
of it growing there under plantation conditions. Lady Can- 
ning, wife of a viceroy of India, wanted quinine cultivation 
established in India. Richard Spruce was sent to South 
America for stocks. After well nigh intolerable hardships 
and dangers he finally brought them out. In India the tree 



20 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

did not do well on the ground selected. More plants were 
obtained from Java and were set out in Ceylon with mod- 
erate success. India grows most of the quinine it uses but 
the Dutch are the great world growers of chinchona. Am- 
sterdam is the chinchona bark market of the world. 

The Question of Camphor 

Camphor is another great crop, for it is an element of 
celluloid, and celluloid, when combined with nitric acid, 
produces high explosives. Nothing now known will take its 
place. There are various camphors but the best one of all is 
a great evergreen tree which is native to Formosa, southern 
China and perhaps the south end of the Japanese islands. 
The oil comes from any part of the tree, but mostly from 
the base and roots, and least from the leaves. It is distilled 
from chips. Marco Polo saw camphor as a rare commodity, 
but not its modern economic value. It was in 1620 that the 
Dutch accidentally went to Formosa, and soon the camphor, 
tea, silk, rice and sugar attracted them. Then in 1650, or 
later, the Chinese drove out the Dutch. In 1855, concessions 
were granted to Americans, and an American flag flew over 
a compound in Formosa. The Civil War interfered with our 
trade and England stepped in to replace America. Then 
came the Japanese, after 1895, and their plan was to regu- 
late the output so that prices would stay high. This made 
other nations try to grow camphor, and enough was done to 
discourage this monopolistic policy of Japan. In the World 
War Germany produced synthetic camphor, and Japan grew 
the vegetable camphor. In 1916 Japan harvested ten million 
pounds and in 1917 the United States bought six million 
pounds. 

No one seems to know what will happen to camphor. Will 
synthetic camphor succeed commercially? Meaning will its 
cost get down to where it will replace the vegetable product? 
Will camphor oil be made artificially? Will the United States 
and other places produce a plant supply by improved planta- 
tion methods? The plantation plan is to cut branches only 
and not the whole trees ; the trees live on to grace another 
day and yield another crop. 



INFLUENCE OF ECONOMIC PLANTS 21 

Importance of the Potato 

Now consider the humble potato. From 1909 to 1913 this 
vegetable seems to have led the world's food crops with a 
production of about fiYe and one-half million bushels a year. 
The food value is of course surpassed by the great cereals, 
but among the white races the bulk consumed is second only 
to wheat. It is also used to make starch, dextrin, sago, indus- 
trial alcohol, fusel oil, and several other lesser products. It 
seems to be the Jack-of-all-trades of the plant world. 

It is called the Irish potato but is Irish only because it 
was enthusiastically adopted there. It is a native of South 
America and was described by several early travelers to 
that continent. In Peru the two principal foods were quinoa 
and potato. There are several myths about its introduction 
into Europe. One says Raleigh brought it from Virginia, but 
Raleigh never was in Virginia, and the potato did not grow 
there. There is a statue to Drake, in a German city, holding 
a potato in his hand; but although he did see it in Chile, 
there is no record of his bringing it from there. Usually 
the story goes that the introducers sent it to his estate near 
Cork. In another story a wreck strewed the shore near Lan- 
cashire, thus introducing it to England. Falstaff speaks of 
potatoes, but Shakespeare wrote only of the sweet potato, 
which was known in England before the white. The potato 
had a hard fight for popular acceptance. A Scotch minister 
denounced it because it was not mentioned in the Bible, and 
was not therefore a fit food for Christians. Every conceivable 
disease was attributed to it, as was the case with its cousin 
the tomato. In 1744 Frederick the Great compelled the 
peasants to plant it in the dark of the moon and to dig it 
at Michaelmas. From the Germans, Dr. Parmentier intro- 
duced it to France. He was ridiculed but finally interested 
Louis the Sixteenth, and Marie Antoinette appeared at a ball 
with a wreath of potato blossoms in her hair. The king gave 
Parmentier a plot of ground for growing potatoes. Together 
they played a trick on the common people. A squad of 
soldiers guarded the plot, and immediately the contents 
were thought of value. People stole them whenever chance 
offered, and opportunities were left carefully open for them. 

Potatoes were brought to the colonies in America from Eng- 



22 MASSACHUSETTS HORTI CULTURAL SOCIETY 

land, but the earliest record of it here is 1751 in Rockingham 
County, New Hampshire. Today the crop has spread all over 
the United States. By the middle of the seventeenth century 
it was common in England and the British Isles, and thou- 
sands who were paupers were made self-supporting by it. 
The population of Ireland, a poor country for growing 
cereals, increased from two million in 1785 to five million 
in eighteen years, and by 1845 it had passed eight million. 
Then came the crash. There were warnings of potato dis- 
eases, but no attention was paid to them. In 1839 black rust 
hit New England, and in 1841 stem rot hit Germany. But 
the over-crowding population of Ireland continued to de- 
pend on potatoes. Potatoes give a larger amount of food 
per acre than any other crop, and a population depending 
on them can be crowded most densely if the crop goes well. 
For people living on grains and meat, more acreage-using 
crops, potatoes are a margin, but the Irish were living on 
potatoes — the cheapest possible food. The total crop failure 
in 1845 resulted in the death, of a large number, which is 
never placed at less than three hundred thousand and some- 
times set at twice that. 

The exodus of the Irish to America — a tidal wave of im- 
migration began. Anyone who could buy a steerage ticket 
saved himself and his wife and children by flight. Then 
came typhus epidemics aboard ship, and the taking over of 
Castle Garden at the port of New York as an immigrant 
station. To stop this sea of immigration societies were 
formed here, and one of the largest had its members answer 
all questions about the society by "I don't know." It became 
known as the Know Nothing Party, and actually ran a 
candidate for President. 

Active work in breeding and selecting the potato began 
about 1850 and many names are associated with it. Today 
Europe produces ninety per cent of the world's crop, North 
America eight per cent and two per cent is divided among 
other continents. Naturally it is an important product. One 
cannot draw too strong an inference, but it is also an im- 
portant crop in Germany, and in 1914 experts said in June 
there would be a bumper crop, and in July German troops 
were on the march. 



INFLUENCE OF ECONOMIC PLANTS 23 

Just now there are frenzied efforts to find the original 
wild potato, to get strength and immunity in new hybrids. 
The trouble seems to be in knowing whether potatoes grow- 
ing wild are really native or escapes. Shortly after this Irish 
peopling of America came the building of great transcon- 
tinental railroads. Usually they were begun at both ends. 
From the Pacific coast the labor used was largely Chinese, 
or at least oriental. But from the East the labor was not 
imported, and perhaps would not have been available in 
adequate amounts at the time, if the Irish had not supplied 
it. Therefore the tag, the potato built our great railroads. 

Supremacy of Cotton 

When we come to cotton the first thing we think of is 
the old saying "Cotton is King." In olden times, Grecian 
and Roman, people wore linen and some wool. While flax 
was native in Egypt, cotton was unknown there. Later it was 
introduced from Nubia. When Alexander carried his con- 
quest to the eastward, he found wide flung cotton fields in 
the Indies. In the Middle Ages, with great trade routes 
established, with terminals at Venice or Amsterdam, cotton 
goods came pouring into Europe. Flax and wool growers 
and manufacturers did their best to stop its introduction 
but cotton was cheaper. In America, during this time, other 
species were used by the Indians. Cortez found it in Mexico 
and sent presents of it back to his great emperor, Charles V. 
Around the time of our Revolution cotton was introduced as 
a likely crop to the United States. In the meantime invention 
had given us the flying shuttle in 1738, the spinning jenney 
in 1764 and the spinning frame in 1769, and later came the 
steam engine and the coal mine. England's industrial revolu- 
tion was on, with its suffering and over-crowding, and the 
change of industry to new methods, with cotton emerging as 
a victor over other textiles to overtop for a time all other 
industry in the British Isles. The cottage industry of wool 
died out. English money went out of the country for cotton, 
instead of staying at home to pay for wool. This period saw 
the greatest suffering in slums, in child labor, and in filth, 
disease and over-crowding in England's industrial centers 
that the world has ever seen. It is only another of many 



24 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

illustrations of the slow adjustment of people ; of the human 
inability to keep pace with any new development which 
oversets an existing balance, a statics quo. It can be seen in 
misuses and struggles with today's onward (if it is onward) 
march. The gentle-minded Charles Lamb voiced it a hundred 
years ago when he wrote : "There is an onward march of 
science but who shall beat the drums for its retreat? How 
can we ring the bells backward?" 

In America flax held its own for a while, but cotton sup- 
planted it in the South, and New England came to be more 
and more an industrial district — using much cotton. Today 
flax is grown chiefly for linseed oil. When the spinning mills 
in England began to roar, negro slavery in our country was 
dying out. The Civil War stopped the cotton supply and 
one-half the spindles of England were idle, which brought 
misery to the densest industrial population of Europe. Natu- 
rally they wanted cotton, and Slidell and others floated a 
cotton loan that was used to build privateers in Liverpool. 
The loan was over -subscribed and even after Gettysburg 
the bonds continued to sell. But at the end of the war the 
Southerners burned their cotton so it would not fall into 
the hands of the North. The Federal Government did not 
assume the Confederate debts and these foreign investors 
were ruined. England sought cotton elsewhere and thirty 
nations sent samples to an exhibition in London. Ten years 
later almost none of them could show any cotton production. 
The South recovered its cotton supremacy quickly and today 
produces over three-fifths of the world's supply. 

The Problem of Opium 

We come now to opium, with its peculiar history. Today 
there is more land than ever before growing poppy, and 
there are more addicts of opium — dope fiends. For centuries 
opium was no such menace. A very mild form was used, as 
mild as some of our recent soothing syrups given to children. 
The Greeks make no mention of the abuse of opium. But 
when it reached the Orient troubles began. From the palace 
to the hovel it was used, first as a medicine to relieve malaria, 
dysentery and cholera, and later as a nerve-benumbing nar- 
cotic. Doses increase, and moral and physical prostration 



INFLUENCE OF ECONOMIC PLANTS 25 

follow. In India there was great trouble and from there 
the Portuguese started opium toward the West. After the 
Portuguese came the Dutch, and after them the English. The 
English East India Company acquired this opium trade and 
established a monopoly on it in 1797, at the same time con- 
trolling a dangerous fluctuation in prices. Finally a form of 
government control was instituted. By law no growers could 
sell, except to the government, but they sold their surplus at 
auction and were not concerned with its destination. 

When the English came into control in India, a thriving 
business in opium was already going on with China. It was 
first used to chew or eat. The introduction of tobacco gave 
the idea of smoking it, which became the popular way in 
the East. As early as 1620 the morphine habit had a hold 
on south China, in the form of opium smoking. The habit 
spread for a hundred years. Then came a ruler who pro- 
hibited with death the smoking of the poppy, and seventy 
years later the importation was forbidden. But it was one of 
the few products which the ships of the British East India 
Company could carry profitably from Calcutta to Hongkong. 
They were indignant and the Indian government, which had 
revenues from the trade, complained that they could not 
carry on their administration if the opium export was cur- 
tailed. British trading ships anchored off the coast and 
waited for Cantonese traders to come out to them. Here was 
smuggling similar to our own present troubles with bootleg 
liquor. The emperor of China asked the British to withdraw 
the vessels, and issued an edict in 1839 threatening violence 
to the opium ships. Sixteen thousand chests were imported 
into China in a year, and nothing could alter these figures. 
As the smuggling continued officers entered the British com- 
pound at Canton and seized chests of opium, and burned 
them. Here came a clamor for war, with ten million dollars 
worth of opium destroyed. This is called the first opium war. 

Now one side said the British were breaking the laws, and 
knew it but did nothing to rectify the matter. The other 
side said the Chinese violated the British flag and burned 
British property. Long arguments resulted from this. One 
side said the Chinese might have increased the opium import 
taxes year by year, but the other side said to what end 



26 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

except to increase the smuggling. One side said China was 
already growing plenty of opium and the other side said it 
was only a small part of what was used and would have 
been stopped or regulated. Anyhow, might won, though the 
right is interesting. By the treaty of Nanking, China was 
forced to open five treaty ports to British trade and cede to 
Britain the island of Hongkong. Ever since, Hongkong has 
been Britain's chief strategic and naval center in Chinese 
waters. The opium question was not mentioned in this treaty 
and the British approached the emperor about it. The em- 
peror was wrestling with the problem of opium culture 
within China. Acres needed to grow food were given over to 
a crop that only meant trouble. Smuggling from India was 
worse than ever. He replied that although his people seemed 
bent on their own destruction he did not mean to hasten it 
by legalizing the traffic. Then came a list of grievances from 
France and Great Britain. Many of them were real, for 
Chinese officials were a poor lot. When the Chinese stopped 
a ship flying British colors and removed three Chinamen 
from it, the second opium war began. It ended in the treaty 
of Tientsin, by which the importation of opium was legalized. 
Besides this, England, France, Russia and the United 
States obtained certain other rights. Resistance was gone ; 
opium was grown widely and imported. One saying is that 
nine out of ten persons in China use it. Commissions have 
been appointed to undo the work of the opium wars. In 1906 
Lord Morley said, "I do not wish to disparage the Com- 
mission, but somehow or other its findings have failed to 
satisfy public opinion in Great Britain and ease the con- 
sciences of those who have taken up the matter." Then, in 
good faith, India and China agreed on means to suppress 
the traffic. India was to reduce the amount sent to China by 
one-tenth annually, and in ten years none would be im- 
ported by China. China agreed to stop the cultivation within 
her borders. This meant a drop in revenue by India but she 
undertook it without complaint. Famine in China is more of 
a menace now, while strong government has been replaced 
by weakness, and opium culture has increased. It is a far 
more profitable crop than foodstuffs, and a people with 



INFLUENCE OP ECONOMIC PLANTS 27 

money enough to buy food can, as a consequence, starve to 
death. The acreage is needed for food. 

Today all countries have their problems with opium and 
great quantities from the East are seeking markets, where 
it will poison, stupefy, degrade and kill, in every land on 
earth. Turkey, Persia, India and China grow opium without 
restriction. At the International Opium Convention at The 
Hague in 1914, only five nations would sign the protocol. 
The recent conference at Geneva followed suit. India and 
the Dutch East Indies could not see the greater welfare 
of all humanity. Only China and the United States took a 
clear cut stand and withdrew from the conference, to the 
sentiments of which they could not consent, nor honor it by 
their presence. 

What seem to be needed apparently are officially super- 
vised farms to grow opium for medicinal purposes. They 
would use no great area compared to the lands now used for 
its cultivation. Of course at all conferences great stress is 
laid on its use as a medicine and attempts are made to prove 
that most opium is so used. The figures have been taken, 
however, and the facts are known to be otherwise. Today 
cities like Singapore get half their revenue from opium. It 
is a terrible story, the story of opium, and sooner or later 
its cultivation will be severely restricted. 

The Story of Rubber 

We come now to the story of rubber. It is said that the 
first white man to see it was Columbus, in Haiti. Neither 
golf nor tennis then existed. But today rubber is used in 
more ways than any other substance, perhaps excepting 
steel. Even a century ago it was held in slight regard, until 
quite accidentally it was found that sulphur made it avail- 
able as an elastic substance of varying hardness rather than 
a sticky mass of gum which is much affected by changes in 
temperature. A very early use of it immortalized the name 
of Mackintosh, who made a waterproof fabric of two layers 
of cloth with a layer of rubber between. This was in 1823. 
A generation earlier a piece was sent to Priestley, the dis- 
coverer of oxygen, who was mobbed out of Manchester in 
England and came over to Pennsylvania. He cut it up and 



28 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

gave it to his friends to use for erasures; hence its name, 
India rubber, which has persisted. 

There are many plants that yield rubber, over 200 in all, 
including almost all of those that have a milky sap. Asia, 
Africa and the Amazon are the world's three sources of 
rubber. Africa has the blackest past and most unpromising 
future, for here the great wild trees of the hot tropical rain 
forests were slaughtered so that yields decreased rapidly 
after a few years. In six months of 1895 British rubber ex- 
ports from Lagos increased twenty-five fold, and in two 
years had decreased a third. This is West Africa. In Central 
Africa, the Congo region, a worse story is unfolded, for here 
King Leopold of Belgium set up a great money making 
conspiracy, which squeezed out the lives of both men and 
trees. Here villages were shot up or beaten up when the 
allotted quantity of rubber was not brought from trips. 
Women and children were taken as hostages, to be bought 
back by men with "black milk and white bone," rubber and 
elephant tusks. Hands were cut off, women chained in files 
were used as porters, carrying sixty pounds apiece on long 
hard trails. It was found that cannibals were among those 
hired to keep order, and they were sometimes paid in tender 
women and children. The Congo atrocities are now thirty 
years ago, long enough to be forgotten. Eubber was the 
cause of the wealth and splendor of Leopold's palace in 
Brussels and of his splendid gifts to churches. One writer 
has said that if plants grow in Hell, rubber will be the king 
of them. For a long time rubber hushed every scandal, but 
finally the story leaked out and the morals of the world 
were so startled that changes came. In 1903 Morel's report 
appeared and was denied by the money makers as belonging 
wholly to happenings of long ago. But in 1909 the Belgian 
Parliament denounced the king's influence in the Congo. 
For reasons of poorer quality, greater adulterating and im- 
proper tapping, African rubber has been found inferior to 
Para rubber. It is said that Africa can not keep step with 
Brazil and southeastern Asia. 

Brazil has a rain forest vaster than that of equatorial 
Africa, and here the greatest rubber exploitation of the 



INFLUENCE OP ECONOMIC PLANTS 29 

world has come about within a handful of years. It has 
transformed the valley of the Amazon into a hive of indus- 
try. First slavery was used in its collecting, but this is super- 
seded by a wage system, and an ignorant class of toilers, 
each of whom has an allotment. They gash the trees with a 
rather blunt instrument which mashes the fibres at the cut, 
and consequently the list of diseases to which Brazilian 
rubber trees are subject is growing rapidly, as might be 
expected in the hot damp jungle. This Brazil region is the 
world's greatest reserve of wild rubber, but the problems of 
food, labor, disease and competition are troublesome. More- 
over, any dependence on a yield from wild growth is natu- 
rally menaced by a diminishing supply. 

There is a different picture of rubber growing in south- 
eastern Asia. Here the wild crop failed and the best varieties 
were sought and introduced under plantation conditions. 
The railroad journey from Singapore around into India is 
now much less interesting than formerly because of the 
monotony of hundreds of miles of rubber orchards. This 
seemed a desperate venture, as long as wild rubber any- 
where was a sufficient supply. As early as 1875 this planta- 
tion rubber growing was started, perhaps first in any exten- 
sive way in Ceylon, where the coffee industry had failed 
because of a fungus disease. It was found that Para rubber 
grew well there, and this is now the chief variety used in 
Ceylon, Bengal, the Malay Peninsula, French Indo-China, 
Java and Sumatra. The workers are well paid and intelli- 
gent. Trees are tapped regularly and allowed to grow un- 
touched two years in every three. Yet the Brazil rubber is 
called the best, for various reasons, one of which is the 
mechanical method of curing, but none of which seems as 
good as the probable geographical variation in climate and 
soil conditions. 

During the war the Germans made strenuous efforts to 
produce synthetic rubber. Most of it was poor, and the best 
required acetone, made easiest from acetate of calcium 
which was obtained almost wholly from America. Then the 
Germans found a bacteria in rotten potatoes which would 
convert alcohol into acetone. But synthetic rubber is now 



30 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

too expensive and was never on the market, though the 
Germans still claim they have solved the problem. Rubber 
in America seems to be coming from guayule, if at all. This 
is a shrub which grows in desert areas, and thus it uses land 
that is not much good for anything else just now. 

Rubber is in the position of most crops centuries ago : the 
planted product has not driven out the wild; it fluctuates 
violently in price and quality; it is subject to booms and 
panics ; and it is hardly out of a stage of slavery and waste. 
But sooner or later rubber will be more nearly a plantation 
product, perhaps grown in temperate zones in the form of 
some of the milkweeds we now know. Rubber consumption 
seems likely to increase by further great strides, and if so 
it will almost reach the top among the plant powers of indus- 
try and history. Edward E. Slosson tells the story of the 
race for rubber in his book entitled "Creative Chemistry." 

The Use of Tobacco 

Columbus was perhaps the first white man to see tobacco, 
although he did nothing toward introducing it into Europe. 
At the time of the discovery corn and tobacco were the 
crops most widely grown by the Indians, both in North and 
South America. For the Indians tobacco was a form of 
reverence with its smoke analogous to incense. When the 
white man smoked he adopted an art and did not develop 
one. In 1565 Admiral Sir John Hawkins brought tobacco 
from the West Indies to Europe, but only in 1753 did Sir 
Francis Drake show samples of our modern tobacco, and 
smoking began in earnest. 

Strangely enough the use of tobacco was taken up in the 
oriental countries faster than in the European. One might 
almost suppose the habit originated there. Pipes were made 
of gold, ivory, jade and other precious substances, and were 
elaborately carved and decorated. Pipe smoking took hold in 
England with the form, commonest today, of the simple and 
useful pipe. In France the pipe was for long considered 
loathsome and snuff was the only gentlemanly use of to- 
bacco. The pipe appealed at once to the Dutchman, and to 
the Teutonic peoples. The great botanist, Linnaeus, who 



INFLUENCE OF ECONOMIC PLANTS 31 

gave tobacco its name, Nicotiana tabacum, was an inveterate 
smoker. 

The Indians did not chew tobacco. This habit seems to 
have made its start because it was considered a prophy- 
lactic, and used as such during the Great Plague in 1665 in 
London. Read Pepys' diary for June 7, 1665, where he tells 
of being forced to buy some roll tobacco to chew. Boys in 
school, at that time, were instructed to chew it and were 
thrashed if they did not. The plague, it was supposed, never 
touched a tobacconist or his shop. There was a recurrence 
of this superstition in 1918 in the influenza epidemic, when 
a doctor's advice frequently was to smoke and to ride in 
smoking cars. With this start chewing became fashionable 
in England, and continued, with the modern results that we 
all know. 

Snuff was considered a cure for headaches and colds. 
Snuff-taking was a fine art and marked the gentleman in 
the degree of elegance with which it could be done, while 
snuff boxes were elaborate in material and decoration. 

England was divided in her use of tobacco. But it was the 
chief support of her middle American Colonies and was the 
foundation of the Jamestown Colony. These people came 
over intending to raise silk and wine grapes, crops unsuited 
to climatic conditions; and when about ready to abandon 
America, they began to grow tobacco and found they had a 
market for it. Virginia tobacco reached England at a time 
of great demand. The tobacco leaf produced the culture that 
gave us Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Munroe, Marshall 
and Harry Lee. 

Tobacco is a soil-exhausting crop, so that a great acreage 
was used in its cultivation and a large part lay idle in a 
fallowing process. This meant self-sufficient communities on 
each holding, with the next plantation center many miles 
away. They used slave labor. Ships direct from London landed 
at the tobacco baron's own private wharf on some Virginia 
river. Then came the Revolution, and following that Eng- 
land blockaded Europe more or less during the Napoleonic 
wars. When all was over American tobacco was fairly well 
established over in Kentucky. Tobacco killed the tidewater 



32 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

soil. An old diarist has said that slavery killed the free 
white laborers and small farmers, malaria killed the great 
planters and their families, and tobacco killed the soil. 

Leaving aside, or for other discussion, the injury of 
tobacco, it would seem, if man must have some solace, that 
the gentle brown leaf is far better than its rivals: betel, 
hashish, opium and coca. The sun that has looked down 
upon so many a scene of depravity, stupefication and ugli- 
ness, beholds today the triumph of tobacco ; and, as it sets 
around the world, it sees a continuous trail of smoke from 
the millions of mankind who are lighting up their evening 
pipes. 

These are a few sips at a draught which is flavor to an 
interesting subject. Read only the books herein named and 
you will imbibe the whole. 

"Then the clouds past, 

Swallows soaring between, 
The Spring is alive 

The meadows are green. 

"I jump up like mad, 

Break the old pipe in twain, 
And away to the meadows 
The meadows again." 

These lines are quoted for contrast, and to give the most 
vivid impression the writer gets from thinking over this 
subject, to which many more momentous vistas might be 
opened. These words from Fitzgerald's "Meadows in Spring" 
open one's mind to the pleasures of Nature and to the beauty 
that lies around for all to see and use. Yet the conspicuous 
factor is over-use, as far as commerce and industry are 
involved. Strife and war, pestilence, oppression and misery, 
these appear the chief components of the exploitation of 
many of these gifts of Nature. But really it is an inability 
to keep the pace which is set by new developments. This is 
also true in scientific advance, as today men labor, while 
they pray that harmonization may come quickly so that man 
may rule things and not things rule men. 



Medals and Certificates for 1929 

Goorge Robert White Medal of Honor 

Miss Gertrude Jekyll of Godalming, England, as a writer 
on horticultural subjects 

Thomas Roland Medal 

Frank R. Pierson, for his skill in horticulture 

Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal 
Charles Sander, for work done in hybridizing woody plants 

Albert C. Burrage Educational Cup 

Mrs. A. Sherman Hoyt, for desert garden and Redwood 
exhibit 

President's Gold Cup 

Thomas Roland, for group of Acacias 

Massachusetts Horticultural Society Gold Cup 

Mr. and Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for tropical garden 

Mrs. Bayard Thayer Cup 
Mrs. C. S. Houghton and Mrs. E. B. Dane, for rock garden 

Governor John Endecott Cup 
Mrs. Lester Leland, for garden of 100 years ago 

North Shore Garden Club Cup 

Massachusetts Department of Conservation, for educa- 
tional exhibit 

Mrs. Geoffrey G. Whitney Cup 
Joseph Breck & Son, for bulb garden 

Mrs. Homer Gage Cup 

William H. Vanderbilt, for garden of Lilies 

Philip Dexter Cup 

Mrs. Homer Gage, for rock garden 

John S. Ames Cup 
Mrs. Robert Morse, for group of Indian Azaleas 

Walter Hunnewell Cup 

John S. Ames, for group of Kurume Azaleas 

Charles A. Stone Cup 

Howard Coonley, for group of forced plants 

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MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES FOR 1929 35 

William Caleb Loring Cup 

Walter Hunnewell, for group of Rhododendrons and 
hardy Azaleas 

Mrs. R. M. Saltonstall Cup 
Mrs. Bayard Thayer, for group of flowering plants 

Howard Coonley Cup 
F. R. Pierson, for collection of Ferns 

Oakes Ames Silver Cup 

Thomas Roland, for group of Orchids 

George C. Thurlow Cup 

Robert Laurie & Son, for rock garden 

Edwin S. Webster Cup 

John Mutch, for hybrid Orchids 

Mrs. Gardiner M. Lane Cup 
Beacon Hill Garden Club, for city garden 

Mrs. John Coolidge Cup 

Mrs. J. H. Lancashire, for Lily and Tulip garden 

Mrs. J. Montgomery Sears Cup 
Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for foliage and flowering plants 

American Association of Nurserymen Cup 
Wyman's Framingham Nurseries, for group of hardy 
woody plants 

New England Nurserymen's Association Cup 

Harlan P. Kelsey, for group of hardy woody plants 

Massachusetts Nurserymen's Association Cup 

Weston Nurseries, for group of hardy woody plants 

Marian Roby Case Cup 

Cherry Hill Nurseries, for group of hardy woody plants 

Nanna Matthews Bryant Cup 
Eric H. Wetterlow, for Erica darleyensis 

Jere A. Downs Cup 

Noanett Garden Club 



36 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Harlan P. Kelsey Cup 

Chestnut Hill Garden Club 

Centennial Gold Cup 
Mr. and Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for group of stove and 
greenhouse flowering and foliage plants 

Mrs. S. V. R. Crosby Cup 

Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for group of Anthuriums 

Mr. and Mrs. Dudley Pickman Cup 

Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for group of Clerodendron Bal- 
fourianum 

President's Cup 

Mrs. Moses Taylor, for display of Roses 

Mrs. Bayard Thayer, for display of Campanula pyrami- 

dalis, Lilies and other plants 
Mrs. Moses Taylor, for collection of vegetables 
Mrs. Galen L. Stone, for Winter-flowering Begonias 

Medals Presented by Other Societies for Distribution at 
Massachusetts Horticultural Society Shows 

Garden Club of America Gold Medal 

Harlan P. Kelsey, for the rare beauty and spiritual 
quality of his exhibit 

Chestnut Hill Garden Club Gold Medal 

Edwin S. Webster, for group of greenhouse plants 

Pennsylvania Horticultural Society Gold Medal 

Mrs. A. Sherman Hoyt, for desert garden and Redwood 
exhibit 

Horticultural Society of New York Gold Medal 

Thomas Roland, for group of Acacias 

Society of American Florists' Gold Medal 

Butterworth's, for group of Orchids 

American Orchid Society Large Gold Medal 

Edwin S. Webster, for collection of Orchids 

American Orchid Society Exhibition Gold Medal 
F. W. Hunnewell, for group of Orchids 



MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES FOR 1929 37 

American Orchid Society Large Silver Medal 

Albert C. Burrage, for Odontoglossum McNabianum 

American Orchid Society Exhibition Silver Medal 
Henry Eaton, for superior culture of Cymbidiums 

American Rose Society Gold Medal 

The Montgomery Rose Co., for Rose Talisman 

American Rose Society Silver Medal 
Lyman P. Coddington, for Rose President Hoover 

American Peony Society Silver Medal 
Cherry Hill Nurseries, sweepstake prize 

Centennial Gold Medals 

Albert C. Burrage 

Mrs. A. Sherman Hoyt, for desert garden and Redwood 

exhibit 
Mr. and Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for tropical garden 
Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Curtis James for display of tropical 

plants 
Mrs. Homer Gage, for bulb garden 
Mrs. C. S. Houghton and Mrs. E. B. Dane, for a rock 

garden 
Thomas Roland, for group of Acacias 
Bay State Nurseries, for best exhibit by a nurseryman 
Milton Garden Club, for best exhibit by a garden club 
Edwin S. Webster, for group of flowering plants 
Albert C. Burrage, for group of Orchids 
Cherry Hill Nurseries, for display of Peonies 
Mrs. Bayard Thayer, for display of Campanula pyrami- 

dalis, Lilies and other plants 
Mrs. Galen L. Stone, for Winter-flowering Begonias 
Mr. and Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for display of tropical 

plants 
Dr. Walter G. Kendall, for eminent service in pomology 
T. A. Havemeyer, for distinguished service to horticulture 
F. R. Newbold, for distinguished service to horticulture 
John C. Wister, for distinguished service to horticulture 
Worcester Horticultural Society, for distinguished service 

to horticulture 
Henry P. Walcott, for distinguished service to horticulture 
Nathaniel T. Kidder, for distinguished service to horti- 
culture 




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MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES FOR 1929 39 

General Francis H. Appleton, for distinguished service to 

horticulture 
William C. Endicott, for distinguished service to horti- 
culture 
Professor Oakes Ames, for distinguished service in 

orchidology 
Ernest H. Wilson, for his inspirational books 
Olmsted Brothers, for distinguished service in landscape 

architecture 
Harlan P. Kelsey, for his work in behalf of better horti- 
cultural nomenclature 
Alexander Montgomery, for originating new Roses 
Mrs. Susan D. McKelvey, for her monograph on the Lilac 
Mrs. S. V. R. Crosby, for the conservation of wild flowers 
Miss Marian Roby Case, for her educational work 
Kidder, Peabody & Co., for example set by a city garden 
William Filene's Sons Company, for example set by 

window boxes 
Professor B. L. Robinson, for his eminent service to 
botany 

Centennial Silver Medal 

Boston Society of Landscape Architects, for garden 

representing their work 
Mrs. Robert C. Morse, for group of Indian Azaleas 
John S. Ames, for artistic arrangement of Kurume Azaleas 
Walter Hunnewell, for group of Rhododendrons and 

hardy Azaleas 
Mrs. R. M. Saltonstall, for group of blue Cinerarias 
Howard Coonley, for group of flowering plants 
Arthur Lyman, for Camellia japonica 
Harry Seaton Rand, for collection of Geraniums 
Albert C. Burrage, for model of rotating greenhouse 
Arnold Arboretum, for educational exhibit 
Cambridge Plant Club, for window decorations 
Mrs. W. J. Bradley, Lawrence Garden Club, for table 

decoration 
Mrs. Wm. K. Jackson, Chestnut Hill Garden Club, for 

table decoration 
William N. Craig, for collection of herbaceous flowers 
William Anderson, for superior culture of Campanula 

pyramidalis 
Eugene N. Fischer, for seedling Gladiolus Frank 0. 

Shepardson 



MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES FOR 1929 41 

Boston Mycological Club, for collection of mushrooms 

Ernest H. Wilson, for planting of Lilium regale 

Thomas Roland, for group of Cypripediums 

Mrs. Galen L. Stone, for Yanda Sanderiana 

Mrs. Homer Loring, for group of Chrysanthemums 

Cherry Hill Nurseries, for group of hardy woody plants 

Harlan P. Kelsey, for group of hardy woody plants 

Dr. R. W. Thatcher, for his distinguished service to 

horticulture 
Charles 0. Dexter, for his original work with Rhodo- 
dendrons 
Professor F. A. Waugh, for his eminent service to horti- 
cultural education 
Edward H. Lincoln, for wild flower photographs 
Peter Fisher, for his distinguished service to horticulture 
Miss Rebecca Manning, for preserving the Manning 

Garden 
Mrs. Edward Wigglesworth, for promoting horticultural 

exhibitions 
Thomas Dooley, for his work in horticulture 
William P. Rich, for his 20 years as secretary 
Springfield Park Department, for unusual skill in park 

planting 
Town of Stockbridge, or its pioneer work in village 

improvement 
Phillips Andover Academy, for example in landscaping 
The Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company of 

Springfield, for its example in planting 
Francis William Park at Walpole, model park and play- 
ground 
Girl Scouts, for their wild flower sanctuary 
Woman's Club of Shelburne Falls, for its unique service 

to horticulture 
Springfield Garden Club, for its unique service to horti- 
culture 
Town of Weston, for raising the standard of town commons 

Centennial Bronze Medal 

J. H. Greatorex, for superior culture of Cattleya 

Schroederae 
Dr. and Mrs. Augustus Thorndike, for Orange-tree in fruit 



42 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Howard Coonley, for Bauera rubioides, Brunfelsia caly- 

cina, and Pittosporum tobira 
Peabody Garden Club, for pottery exhibit 
Thomas Roland, for display of Cypripediums 
Charles 0. Dexter, for collection of seedling Rhododen- 
drons 
Mrs. Geoffrey G. Whitney, Milton Garden Club 
Mrs. Thomas Motley, Jr., North Shore Garden Club 
Mrs. H. H. Buxton, Peabody Garden Club 
Albert C. Burr age, for Cattleya Mossiae Reineckiana 
George Palmer, for superior culture of Fuchsias, Helio- 
tropes and Pelargoniums 
Arthur A. Arenius, for seedling Gladiolus King Arthur 
White & Johnson Co., for collection of rock plants 
William MacGillvray, for culture of Nerines 
The Casey Florist Co., for group of Cacti 
Massachusetts Historical Society, for their collection 
Bostonian Society, for their collection 
John Francis Paramino, designer of medal 

Large G-old Medal 

The Montgomery Rose Co., for the best vase of Roses 

Jere A. Downs, for specimen Cymbidium 

Missouri Botanic Garden, for educational exhibit of 

seedling Orchids 
Mrs. Samuel Cabot, Noanett Garden Club 
Mr. and Mrs. Edwin S. Webster, at Chestnut Hill Garden 

Club Exhibition 
Mary E. Parker, for her estate, Mosswood 
Ben P. P. Moseley, first prize, for a porch overlooking a 

garden 
George E. Baldwin & Co., at New York, for best exhibit 

of Orchids 
William N. Craig, for distinguished service to horticulture 
E. I. Farrington, as secretary and as editor of Horticulture 
Frederick Pocock, for his skill in horticulture 
John S. Doig, for his skill in horticulture 
Peter Arnott, for his skill in horticulture 
Allen Jenkins, for his skill in horticulture 



MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES FOR 1929 43 

Exhibition G-old Medals 

A. A. Pembroke, for Carnation Giant Laddie 

W. Atlee Burpee Co., for display of Sweet Peas 

W. T. Walke, for bulbous and foliage plants 

Mrs. Thomas Nesmith, for display of Irises 

Cherry Hill Nurseries, for display of Rhododendrons 

William N. Craig, for collection of herbaceous perennials 

William N. Craig, for display of Lilies 

Seabrook Nurseries, for display of Gladioli 

William N". Craig, for collection of outdoor Lilies 

Jelle Roos, for display of Dahlias 

Mrs. Moses Taylor, for display of vegetables. 

Mrs. E. V. Hartford, for group of Chrysanthemums. 

Wyman's Framingham Nurseries, for group of evergreens 

and coniferous plants 
Howard Coonley, for group of Winter-flowering Begonias 
Mrs. Bayard Thayer, for display of Nerines 
Thomas Roland, for display of Nerines 
Peirce Bros., for display of cut Roses 
J. J. LaMontagne, for display of cut Carnations 
William H. Yanderbilt, group of Chrysanthemums 
Parker Bros., for collection of apples 
Louis Vasseur, for collection of fruit 
R. W. Pierce, for collection of vegetables 
Mrs. Moses Taylor, for collection of vegetables 

Silver Medals 

Albert C. Burrage, for group of Calanthes 

John Morris, for superior culture of Indian Azaleas 

C. B. Johnson, for basket of Carnations 

Samuel Untermeyer, for Odontoglossum Tityus 

Baur & Steinkamp, for Carnation Pink Abundance 

Massachusetts Agricultural College, for educational exhibit 

Jamaica Plain High School, for educational exhibit 

Boston Mycological Club, for educational exhibit 

North Bennet St. Industrial School, for educational exhibit 

Jelle Roos, for flowering bulbs 

Walter E. Lenk, for Gardenias 

M. P. Anderson, for group of Oleanders 

Harold Ryan, for a Kentia australis 80 years old 

Rocco Zeparo, for group of Dracaena Massangeana 

Mrs. J. M. Sears, for group of Alonsoa 




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MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES FOR 1929 45 

Mrs. Galen L. Stone, for Calceolaria hybrids 

W. R. Coe, for Camellias 

Mrs. Bayard Thayer, for Cherokee Roses 

George Dean, for Iceland Poppy California 

Nanna M. Bryant, for foliage plants 

William Hannan & Sons, for Ferns 

Jere A. Downs, for standard Verbenas 

James Warr, for superior culture of Mignonette 

Mrs. R. M. Saltonstall, for standard Verbenas and speci- 
men Marguerite 

Eastern Nurseries, for display of evergreens 

R. & J. Farquhar Co., for display of evergreens and 
flowering plants 

Ellen R. Hathaway, for Brunfelsia calycina 

Mrs. Francis Lothrop, North Shore Garden Club 

Mrs. John Codman, Noanett Garden Club 

Mrs. Walter Austin, Noanett Garden Club 

Walter Hunnewell, for cut Rhododendrons 

Greenland Gardens, for long-spurred Columbine 

Cherry Hill Nurseries, for display of Peonies 

Cherry Hill Nurseries, for display of Peonies 

Cherry Hill Nurseries, for basket of Peonies 

Mrs. W. B. Parker, for basket of Peonies 

Mrs. Moses Taylor, for collection of hardy Roses 

Louis Vasseur, for collection of perennials 

Henry L. F. Naber, for collection of perennials 

Mrs. E. V. Hartford, for display of Sweet Peas 

Charles Scott, for superior culture of Roses 

Mrs. Geoffrey G. Whitney, at Cape Cod Horticultural 
Society Exhibition 

Jelle Roos, for display of Gladioli 

Robert Laurie & Sons, for collection of cut Delphiniums 

The Casey Florist Co., for collection of Cacti and suc- 
culents 

Thomas Roland, for collection of potted Celosia plumosa 

Mrs. Edward V. Hartford, for hardy herbaceous peren- 
nials 

Joseph Breck & Sons, for exhibit of Dahlias and Gladioli 

C. P. Knight, for collection of vegetables 

R. W. Pierce, for collection of vegetables 

Mr. and Mrs. Harry T. Hayward, for formal garden 

Mrs. Pauline Shaw Fenno, for her wild garden 



MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES FOR 1929 47 

Bay State Nurseries, for group of evergreen and conifer- 
ous plants 
Mrs. Homer Gage, for group of Chrysanthemums 
Edwin S. Webster, for specimen Begonia 
Mrs. M. Gail Stephens, for Begonia Orange King 
Mrs. M. Gail Stephens, for Begonia Exquisite 
Edwin S. Webster, for Begonia Emita 
Butterworth's, for Cattleya Portia 
Butterworth's, for Cypripedium insigne Sanderae 
Butterworth's, for Oncidium ornithorhynchum 
Butterworth's, for Epidendrum cochleatum 
Albert C. Burrage, for Laeliocattleya Robertiana Franciscio 
Mrs. Homer Loring, for specimen Chrysanthemum plant 
Charles C. Walker, for cut Chrysanthemums 
Halifax Gardens, for display of cut roses 
White & Johnson Co., for display of cut Carnations 
Mrs, Irving Wright, for breakfast table decoration 
Mrs. Irving Wright, for luncheon table decoration 
Mrs. Henry G. Vaughan, for dinner table decoration 
Mrs. John Ramsey, for breakfast table decoration 
Miss Elizabeth Weld, for luncheon table decoration 
Mrs. R. D. Sears, for dinner table decoration 
George Halliday, for culture of Vanda Sanderiana and 

winter-flowering Begonias 
William MacBean, for culture of Chrysanthemums 
Joseph Breck & Sons, for the artistic effect of their 

evergreen garden 
Mrs. J. Henry Lancashire, for collection of apples 
John Bauernfeind, for collection of grapes 
J. F. Cummings, for collection of vegetables 
Mrs. Ellerton James, for collection of vegetables 

Bronze Medals 

Mary Hemenway School, for educational exhibit 

Ben P. P. Moseley, for Orange-trees 

Minnie H. Floyd, for Camellia japonica 

Paul S. Ciaponni, for Euphorbia splendens 

Miss Faucon, for Orange-tree 25 years old 

Joseph LaSpada, for Orange plant in fruit 

Cottage Gardens, for Camellias 

Arthur Lyman, for Cherokee Roses 

Longfellow School, for collection of bulbous plants 



48 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Bennett School, for collection of bulbous plants 
Nanna Matthews Bryant, for Primula kewensis 
Eastern Nurseries, for Picea glauca conica 
Mrs. John D. Adams, the Community Garden Club of 

Duxbury 
Miss Ruth Ely, North Andover Garden Club 
James Donald, for collection of flowering shrubs 
Cherry Hill Nurseries, for new Peony 
Mrs. W. B. Parker, for basket of Peonies 
William F. Dusseault, for collection of hardy Roses 
Stuart Duncan, for display of Sweet Peas 
Bancroft Winsor, for display of Peonies 
James R. Cass, for culture of Lilium Washingtonianum 
Jelle Roos, for basket of Cactus Dahlias 
Jelle Roos, for basket of Dahlias 
William N. Craig, for collection of herbaceous flowers 
A. P. Smith, for collection of tomatoes 
Mr. and Mrs. Henry B. Pennell, for Italian garden 
Mrs. Homer Loring, for specimen Chrysanthemum plant 
Mrs. Homer Gage, for cut Chrysanthemums 
Mrs. Wendall Taber, for breakfast table decoration 
Mrs. Horace Soule, for luncheon table decoration 
Mrs. Charles Belknap, for dinner table decoration 
Mrs. W. L. Benedict, for breakfast table decoration 
Mrs. Theodore Chadwick, for luncheon table decoration 
Mrs. Samuel Cabot, for dinner table decoration 

Garden Certificates 

Paul Frost, for a city garden showing individuality and 

self expression to an unusual degree 
Mrs. J. Frederic Hussey, for an intimate city garden of 

rare charm 

First Class Certificate 

Sweet Pea Mrs. Herbert Hoover, exhibited by W. Atlee 

Burpee Co. 
Laeliocattleya Majestic King Purple, exhibited by Albert 

C. Burrage 
Odontioda Coronation, exhibited by Albert C. Burrage 
Dendrobium Gatton Sunray, Westonbirt var., exhibited 

by Albert C. Burrage 
Laeliocattleya Aphrodite Eclipse, exhibited by Albert C. 

Burrage 



MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES FOR 1929 49 

Award of Merit 

Sweet Pea New Lavender, exhibited by W. Atlee Burpee 

Co. 
Iceland Poppy California, exhibited by George Dean 
Variegated Ward Carnations, exhibited by Morningside 

Greenhouses 
Carnation Centennial, exhibited by S. J. Goddard 
Dianthus Lindy, exhibited by Robert Laurie & Son 
Lilium Washingtonianum, exhibited by James R. Cass 
Gladiolus Miss Joy, exhibited by J. C. Farnsworth Co. 
Dahlia Katherine Norris, exhibited by Jelle Roos. 
Taxus media Hatfieldii 

" " Hatfieldii, dwarf form 

" " orbicula 

" " brevif olia seedling 

" " brevifolia columnaris 

" " Wymanii 

" Sewallii 

" " Hunnewelliana 

" " canadensis stricta 



exhibited by 
Wyman's 
Framingham 
Nurseries 



Vote of Commendation 

Sweet Pea Red Bird, exhibited by W. Atlee Burpee Co. 
New Ontario Grape, exhibited by Henry L. F. Naber 
Fourteen varieties of filberts or hazelnuts, exhibited by 

the New York State Experiment Station. 
Collection of apples, exhibited by Charles 0. Dexter 

Cultural Certificate 

William Anderson, for superior culture of Campanula 

pyramidalis 
New York State Experiment Station, for 14 varieties of 

filberts or hazelnuts 

Vote of Thanks 

Samuel Knowles, for display of Peonies 

George N. Smith, for display of seedling Peonies 

T. F. Donahue, for vase of Iris Swazi 

Shay lor & Allison, for display of Peonies 

W. B. Parker, for display of Peonies 

E. H. Wetterlow & Son, for Dianthus caryophyllus var. 

Mrs. Van Buren, for greenhouse melon Cotton's Hybrid 



MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES FOR 1929 51 

John B. Wills, for vase of Alberic Barbier Rose 
John B. Wills, for vase of Silver Moon Rose 
John B. Wills, for bowl of Alberic Barbier Rose 
Mrs. Bayard Thayer, for display of Bouvardias 
William N. Craig, for Lilies and Buddleia 
Mrs. Robert C. Morse, for vase of Dahlias 
M. I. Nelson, for Crassula arborescens 
Neil Ward, for display of Pansies 

Horace L. Mann, for vase of Honesty and Chinese Lan- 
terns 

1929 Bronze Medals for Children's Gardens, Presented by- 
Miss Marian Roby Case 

Martin School Garden 
Selma Kalnin 

North End Garden 
Gennaro Rossi 

Deerfield Street Garden 
Pauline E. Wolf 

Washington Irving School 

Lillian Assof Muriel Donovan 

Ernest Dager Genie Corea 

Brockton Schools 
Zenon Gerry Emily Driscoll 

John Howe Sherwood Stedman 

Bennett School, Brighton 
Rose Barbieri 

Norfolk House Centre 
Ethel Prior 

Jamaica Plain High School, Agricultural Department 

Edward F. Brady James W. Robertson 

A. Malcolm Campbell Ralph Rosenthal 

Horace L. Haley William E. Whitehead 
Richard M. Clogston 

Norfolk County 
James Brann Charles Infusino 

Frederick Deeg John Richardson 

Dorothea Stanford 



52 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Dorchester 
Thomas Quinn 

Dedham 
Violet Matthew 

Middlesex County 

Guy E. Reed, Jr. James P. Lally 

Lewis H. Parks Patrick O'Grady 

Mary Bedford William Kelly 

John Bean Eva Valle 

Henry A. Wheeler Robert Robichaud 

Christopher MeGrath Wiljo Kangas 



Mutations and Variations in the Gladiolus 

By Eugene N. Fischer 

While growing large numbers of gladiolus for breeding pur- 
poses, one is naturally on the alert for those odd variations 
from type such as occasionally occur among seedlings result- 
ing from many different and peculiar crosses. These varia- 
tions, often so slight in the beginning that they might easily 
be overlooked by any but a trained and careful observer, are 
always worthy of attention and study, as among them we 
may find some that have in themselves the beginnings of new 
types of interest or value. 

This form of treasure-hunting is always of the greatest in- 
terest and in connection with ray own work in breeding I 
often make drawings of such variations, as I note among the 
seedlings, as records for purposes of study and comparison. 
Some of these are herewith reproduced as illustrations. 

Among my earlier observations regarding variations of this 
character were those in connection with the occasional occur- 
rence of radially symmetrical (actinomorphic) flowers among 
gladioli, which first attracted my interest some fifteen years 
ago. In these blooms the six segments, all equally marked in 
color and evenly distributed from the center, produce a lily- 
like form that is most interesting and unusual in gladioli. 
These blooms have been observed by me and by other growers 
as occasionally occurring among our plants but usually only 
as single flowers and very rarely as complete and permanent 
spikes. 

The trait did not seem to be at all constant, as the same bulb 
marked and planted another season usually produced nothing 
but normal flowers. On several occasions I made crosses of 
these radially symmetrical blooms but found none of the type 
among the offspring. However, by persistence and recrossing 
among these, a seedling was finally bred in which the entire 
spike developed radially symmetrical flowers. When propa- 
gated from the bulblets this seedling proved to hold true and 
to be quite constant in keeping its unusual form, only very 
rarely showing a bloom of normal type. 

This variety has now been grown for some seasons and is 
entirely dependable. It has been named Ornatus. So far we 
have been able to cross Ornatus with only certain varieties, 

53 





Ornatus, a new type of gladiolus 



A radial symmetrical form 





A double gladiolus bloom 



A semi-double flower 





Miss T. Rose, normal type 



Peculiar variation of Miss T. Rose 



MUTATIONS AND VARIATIONS IN GLADIOLUS 55 

but it has already produced some radially symmetrical types. 
How permanent these will remain it is still too early to say. 

Large-flowered gladioli of radially symmetrical form, well 
fixed and established, would in my opinion make interesting 
and ornamental garden flowers and be very effective in deco- 
rative work. Doubtless some day we shall have them, but it 
takes time for a variation of this kind to become established 
as a fixed race. 

Another interesting possibility is the development of the 
double gladioli. "We frequently found flowers with more than 
the usual six segments and with double the number of stamens 
or more than one style. But as far as I am aware no good 
double variety or any with a permanent trait of produc- 
ing double flowers had been produced. A corm producing 
partly double flowers one season usually showed normal 
flowers the next. I tried crosses with semi-double flowers but 
none of the offspring came double. 

In the summer of 1925 a double flowered spike appeared 
in my fields among a lot of mixed seedlings and it was the 
first double flower I had seen among the gladioli. The corm 
died the following season but the bulblets developed, and 
after two years flowered, and all came true doubles though 
not quite so large as in the original spike. The following year, 
which was 1929, they came double again. Some of these flow- 
ers had two or three styles which were longer than usual and 
had undeveloped stigmas. I tried to cross some of these flow- 
ers but no seed was formed. 

Abrupt variations have usually been termed sports by 
horticulturists but now among plant breeders the term 
mutants is more generally used. A true mutant is ordinarily 
permanent, being caused by a change in the germ plasm, but 
many variations that appear to be mutants are really only 
transient fluctuations caused by external influences. 

For example, one summer I found among a lot of my 
variety Miss T. Rose a spike showing quite differently formed 
flowers. It had every appearance of a true mutant, but the 
following summer the corm produced normal flowers, show- 
ing that the variation was external, though what caused it I 
have no idea, since the plant was healthy and conditions were 
as usual ; it was very likely some physical disturbance. 





An orchid form, of gladiolus 



Lacinatus, a Kunderd introduction 





Fluffy Ruffles, a Brown introduction 



Another Fluffy Ruffles from the 
same spike 





The Orchid (Sprayue) showing 
lobed tendency 



Gandavensis seedling, both 
laciniated and lobed 



MUTATIONS AND VARIATIONS IN GLADIOLUS 57 

Whether or not laciniated or serrated edges of segments 
are true mutations is questionable, since the individual flowers 
vary on the same spike as well as on different spikes, and they 
are not so perfectly formed as are characters of this sort in 
other flowers. The illustrations show the irregular variations 
of the laciniated edges. None of my seedlings were bred from 
laciniated varieties. 

It is possible that these laciniated types may develop into 
true mutants, as many of our horticultural varieties are 
mutants that were produced by long selection. Our double 
flowers are probably mutants and some varieties gradually 
become double. 

To obtain new varieties through mutations is naturally 
difficult since it is practically entirely a matter of chance. 
We have not the opportunity for obtaining recombinations 
and modifications that we have in hybridizing. But though 
rare and difficult to find and to develop, these natural varia- 
tions constitute one of the best opportunities for the produc- 
tion of something really difficult and distinct, and conse- 
quently are a source of never failing interest to growers and 
breeders of things horticultural everywhere. 



George Robert White Medal 
Award in 1929 




Miss Gertrude Jekyll 



The trustees voted late in 1929 to award the George Robert 
White Medal of Honor for that year to Miss Gertrude Jekyll, 
V. M. H., the English amateur gardener and author, whose 
influence over gardening has been world wide. This vote was 
made on recommendation of a committee consisting of Oakes 
Ames, Mrs. S. V. R. Crosby and William C. Endicott. 

Miss Jekyll, who observed her 86th birthday on November 
29, 1929, has often been called the grand old lady of English 
gardening. She is really far more than that, because she has 
done much to mould the trend of gardening practices in all 
civilized countries. Furthermore, her sympathetic under- 
standing of plants and of the men and women who cultivate 
them has given her a unique position in horticulture. It may 
well be said of her that she is the mother of present day 
gardening and that all gardeners are her children, who love 
her and pay her the homage that is her due. 

58 



GEORGE ROBERT WHITE MEDAL 59 

Without question Miss Jekyll, by her writings and her 
gently exercised influence on those writers with whom she 
has come in contact, has changed the whole tone of horti- 
cultural literature. Her books are not dry as dust tomes full 
of rules and lists of plants, but on the contrary are charming 
volumes which can be read with the greatest enjoyment and 
with immeasurable profit by all flower lovers, whether they 
are experts or merely amateurs. 



Garden Clubs in Massachusetts 

Massachusetts State Federation of Garden Clubs. 
President, Mrs. Thomas Motley, Jr., Hyde Park. 
Secretary, Mrs. H. H. Buxton, 114 Central St., Peabody. 

Amherst Woman's Club (Garden Section) — 55 members. 
Chairman, Mrs. George B. Churchill, Spring St., Amherst. 
Secretary, Mrs. Henry E. Ryan, North Hadley. 

Amherst, Garden Club of — 20 members. 

President, Mrs. F. A. Waugh, Stockbridge Road, Amherst. 
Secretary, Mrs. S. R. Williams, South Pleasant St., Amherst. 

Andover Garden Club — 100 members. 

President, Mrs. J. M. Stewart, Phillips Inn, Andover. 
Secretary, Mrs. George G. Brown, 68 Phillips St., Andover. 

Andover, North, Garden Club — 40 members. 

President, Mrs. Lewis S. Bigelow, (June 1st to Nov. 1st) North 

Andover; (Nov. 1st to June 1st) 1010 Fifth Ave., New York. 
Secretary, Mrs. John Coolidge, Ashdale Farm, North Andover; 

(After Nov. 1st) 171 Commonwealth Ave., Boston. 

Beacon Hill Garden Club — 47 members. 
President, Mrs. Frank A. Bourne, 130 Mt. Vernon St., Boston. 
Secretary, Mrs. Charles L. Norton, 5 Acorn St., Boston. 

Beverly Improvement Society. 
President, Miss Mary Boyden, 6 Washington St., Beverly. 
Secretary, Miss Bessie A. Baker, Monument Sq., Beverly. 

Billerica Garden Club — 50 members. 

President, Mrs. Forrest F. Collier, Boston Road, Billerica. 
Secretary, Mrs. Hugh Cochrane, Boston Road, Billerica. 

Boston, Greater, Little Garden Club of. 

President, Mrs. Walter C. Brady, 11 Claremont St., E. Braintree. 
Secretary, Mrs. James R. Barrie, 78 Rowe St., Melrose. 

Brockton Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. James P. Keith, 59 Woodside Ave., Campello. 
Secretary, Mrs. Clarence C. Reed, 1531 Main St., Campello. 

Cambridge Plant Club. 

President, Mrs. L. E. Emerson, 64 Sparks St., Cambridge. 
Secretary, Miss Caroline E. Peabody, 40 Appleton St., Cambridge. 

Cape Ann Garden Club — 90 members. 
President, Mrs. Henry A. Wise Wood, 194 Riverside Drive, New 

York. 
Secretary, Miss Alice Scott, Overbrook, Pa. 

60 



GARDEN CLUBS IN MASSACHUSETTS 61 

Chelmsford Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. Harold D. MacDonald, Chelmsford. 
Secretary, Miss Lillian Kilbourne, Chelmsford. 

Chestnut Hill Garden Club — 200 members. 
President, Mr. George Bramwell Baker, 76 Crafts Road, Chestnut 

Hill. 
Secretary, Mrs. William K. Jackson, Chestnut Hill Road, Chestnut 

Hill. 

Cohasset Garden Club — 51 members. 
President, Mrs. William H. Brown, 304 Beacon St., Boston. 
Secretary, Miss Mary C. Sears, 250 Beacon St., Boston. 

Concord Garden Club — 75 members. 
President, Mrs. Sherman Hoar, Liberty St., Concord. 
Secretary, Mrs. Francis B. Shepley, Monument St., Concord. 

Duxbury Garden Club, The — 21 members. 

President, Mrs. William L. Benedict, 25 Essex Road, Chestnut Hill ; 

(Summer) The Channels, Powder Point, Duxbury. 
Secretary, Mrs. Harry B. Stebbins, 86 Sargent St., Newton; 

(Summer) Powder Point, Duxbury. 

Duxbury, Community Garden Club of — 300 members. 
President, Dr. Nathaniel W. Emerson, Duxbury. 
Secretary, Miss Susan P. Moulton, 172 Beacon St., Boston; 
(Summer) Duxbury. 

Fitchburg Garden Club — 90 members. 
President, Mrs. Mary F. Colburn, 38 Osgood St., Fitchburg. 
Secretary, Mrs. George Rice, 86 Lawrence St., Fitchburg. 

Garden Lovers' Club. 
President, Mrs. F. E. Bateman, 163 Highland Ave., Somerville. 
Secretary, Mrs. Edwin L. Joyce, 21 Cross St., Medford. 

Gloucester Garden Club — 25 members. 
President, Mrs. Percy C. Proctor, 522 Washington St., Gloucester. 
Secretary, Miss Suzanne S. Center, 20 Washington St., Gloucester. 

Great Barrington Garden Club — 61 members. 

President, Rev. C. Thurston Chase, The Manse, Great Barrington. 
Secretary, Mrs. Howard Reynolds, Great Barrington. 

Greenfield Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. E. J. Bryant, 19 James St., Greenfield. 
Secretary, Miss Carolyn M. Newell, 53 High St., Greenfield. 



62 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Groton Garden Club — 62 members. 
President, Mrs. H. H. Richards, Groton. 
Secretary, Mrs. Carl A. P. Lawrence, Groton. 

Harvard Garden Club — 54 members. 
President, Mrs. J. Edward Maynard, Ayer Road, Harvard. 
Secretary, Mrs. Lester G. Brown, Box 103, Harvard. 

Hingham Garden Club — 212 members. 
President, Mr. Francis H. Lincoln, Hingham. 
Secretary, Mrs. Arthur K. Paddock, Hingham. 

Ipswich Garden Club — 38 members. 

President, Mrs. Romney Spring, 21 Charles River Sq., Boston; 

(Summer) Andover Road, Boxford. 
Secretary, Mrs. Robert B. Osgood, 38 Chestnut St., Boston; 
(Summer) Argilla Road, Ipswich. 

Lawrence Garden Club — 131 members. 
President, Mrs. Edwin A. Buthmann, 172 E. Haverhill St., Lawrence. 
Secretary, Miss Lillian M. Wainwright, 55 Bellevue St., Lawrence. 

Lenox Garden Club. 
President, Miss Georgiana N. Sargent, Lenox. 
Secretary, Miss M. Parsons, Lenox. 

Lincoln Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. Charles N. Briggs, Lincoln. 
Secretary, Mrs. Irving L. Hill, Lincoln. 

Littleton Garden Club — 45 members. 
President, Dr. John W. Estabrooks, 419 Boylston St., Boston ; 

(Summer) Littleton. 
Secretary, Mrs. Elmer P. Sargent, Littleton. 

Lowell Garden Club — 88 members. 

President, Mrs. Thomas Nesmith, 166 Fairmount St., Lowell. 
Secretary, Mrs. Harry W. Knowlton, 24 Monadnock Ave., Lowell. 

Lynn, Greater, Garden Club of — 50 members. 

President, Mrs. Henry C. Atwill, 43 Atlantic Terrace, Lynn. 
Secretary, Mrs. John Le Vine, Deer Cove Inn, Swampscott. 

Marblehead Garden Club — 38 members. 

President, Mrs. William Chisholm, 41 Chestnut St., Marblehead. 
Secretary, Mrs. Stillman Weston, Weston Road. 

Martha's Vineyard Garden Club — 190 members. 

President, Mrs. T. M. Randolph Meickleham, Edgartown. 
Secretary, Miss Amy Ferris, 36 East 72nd St., New York; 
(June to October) Vineyard Haven. 



GARDEN CLUBS IN MASSACHUSETTS 63 

Melrose Garden Club — 125 members. 
President, Mrs. Harry N. Vaughan, 65 Gooch St., Melrose; 

(Summer) 10 High St., Topsfield. 
Secretary, Mrs. Robert Munson, 357 East Foster St., Melrose. 

Milton Garden Club — 60 members. 
President, Mrs. Bernard W. Trafford, Woodland Road, Readville. 
Secretary, Mrs. James W. Rollins, Brush Hill, Hyde Park. 

Nahant Garden Club 
President, Mrs. Fred A, Wilson, Nahant. 
Secretary, Mr. Harry R. Cummings, Nahant. 

New Bedford, Greater, Garden Club — 664 members. 

President, Mrs. Henry P. Burt, 355 Union St., New Bedford. 
Secretary — Mrs. George H. Sistare, 474 Park St., New Bedford. 

Newton Garden Club — 35 members. 

President, Mr. H. C. Fraser, 48 Eldredge St., Newton. 
Secretary, Mrs. H. C. Fraser, 48 Eldredge St., Newton. 

Newtonville, Garden Club o£ — 29 members. 
President, Mrs. A. M. Ziegler, 580 Walnut St., Newtonville. 
Secretary, Mrs. Arthur W. Church, 59 Judkins St., Newtonville. 

Noanett Garden Club — 100 members. 
President, Mrs. I. Tucker Burr, 169 Commonwealth Ave., Boston. 
Secretary, Mrs. Francis W. Bird, East Walpole. 

North Shore Garden Club — 50 members. 

President, Mrs. F. S. Moseley, 144 Beacon St., Boston; 

(Summer) "Maudsley," Newburyport. 
Secretary, Mrs. Ward Thoron, 253 Marlboro St., Boston; 

(Summer) "The Lindens," Danvers. 

Peabody Garden Club — 60 members. 
President, Mrs. Frank Taylor, 132 Andover St., Peabody. 
Secretary, Mrs. Harold W. Legro, 249 Lynn St., Peabody. 

Plymouth Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Frank Taylor, 132 Andover St., Peabody. 
Secretary, Miss Christina Watson, Plymouth. 

Richmond Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. W. Rockwood Gibbs. 
Secretary, Mrs. Ray C. Williams. 

Rockport Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Frances C. Spain, Rockport. 
Secretary, Mrs. Gertrude Ruston, Rockport. 



64 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Salem Garden Club — 60 members. 
President, Mr. F. Carroll Sargent, 161 North St., Salem. 
Secretary, Mrs. Willard A. Porter, 5 Lee St., Salem. 

Scituate Garden Club — 50 members. 
President, Mrs. Charles E. Monroe, 132 High St., Brookline; 

(Summer) Scituate. 
Secretary (pro tern), Mrs. David N. Blakeley, Beech Rd., Brookline. 

Springfield Garden Club — 600 members. 
President, Mrs. Moses Lyman, 16 Westmoreland Ave., Longmeadow. 
Secretary, Mrs. Gurdon W. Gordon, 90 Dartmouth St., Springfield. 

Stoneham Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. J. P. Hylan, 97 Williams St., Stoneham. 
Secretary, Mrs. J. P. Hinds, 12 Butler Ave., Stoneham. 

Swampscott Garden Club — 100 members. 
President, Mrs. Charles A. Proctor, 297 Commonwealth Ave., Boston. 
Secretary, Mrs. Charles B. Price, 93 Phillips Ave., Swampscott. 

Swansea, County Garden Club of — 50 members. 
President, Mrs. Harry Fuller, 294 Wayland Ave., Providence, R. I. ; 

(Summer) Touisset, Mass. 
Secretary, Mrs. Willard C. Gardner, Orlanda, Fla., Route 2; 

(Summer) Touisset, Mass. 

Topspield Garden Club — 16 members. 
President, Miss Katherine F. Wellman, Topsfield, Box 237. 
Secretary, Mrs. Harlan P. Kelsey, Jr., East Boxford. 

Walpole Woman's Club (Garden Department) — 25 members. 
Chairman, Mrs. Joseph S. Leach, 238 School St., Walpole. 
Secretary, Mrs. William V. Price, East St., Walpole. 

Wayland Garden Club — 75 members. 

President, Mrs. J. C. Hubbard, Old Connecticut Path, Wayland. 
Secretary, Miss Clara Parmenter, Concord Road, Wayland. 

Worcester Garden Club — 73 members. 

President, Mrs. James E. Whitin, North Uxbridge. 

Secretary, Mrs. Samuel T. Hobbs, 216 Park Ave., Worcester; 

(May 1st to Nov. 1st) Princeton. 



Charles Sander 

Who was awarded the 

Jackson Dawson 

Memorial Medal 

for 1929 





Frank R. Pierson 

Who was awarded the 

Thomas Roland Medal 

in 1929 



Exhibitions in the Year 1930 

TO BE HELD IN 
HORTICULTRAL HALL 

300 Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Mass. 



EXHIBITIONS AND DATES 

March 25-30. Spring Exhibition 

Tuesday, 1 P.M. to 9 P.M.; Wednesday, Thurs- 
day, Friday and Saturday, 9 A.M. to 9 P.M.; 
Sunday, 12 M. to 9 P.M. 

June 7-8. Iris, Rhododendron and Azalea 
Exhibition 

Saturday, 2 to 9 P.M.; Sunday, 12 M. to 9 P.M. 

June 21-22. Peony, Rose, Sweet Pea and 
Strawberry Exhibition 

Saturday, 2 to 9 P.M.; Sunday, 12 M. to 9 P.M. 

August 23-24. Gladiolus Exhibition 

Saturday, 2 to 9 P.M.; Sunday, 12 M. to 9 P.M. 

August 27-28. Exhibition of the Products of 

Children's Gardens 

Wednesday and Thursday, 1 to 6 P.M. 

September 6-7. Dahlia Exhibition 

Saturday, 2 to 9 P.M.; Sunday, 12 M. to 9 P.M. 

October 31-November 2. Autumn Exhibition 

Friday, 2 to 9 P.M.; Saturday, 10 A.M. to 
9 P.M.; Sunday, 12 M. to 9 P.M. 

66 



Medals and Certificates of the 
Massachusetts Horticultural Society 

The following are the awards of the Massachusetts Horti- 
cultural Society in the order of their value : 

MEDALS 

The George Robert White Medal of Honor 

The Jackson Dawson Medal 

The Thomas Roland Medal 

The Large Gold Medal 

The Exhibition Gold Medal 

The Large Silver Medal 

The Exhibition Silver Medal 

The Bronze Medal 

The George Robert White Medal: 

The George Robert White Medal is among the highest 
horticultural awards in America. This medal is given once a 
year to the man or woman, commercial firm or institution, 
in the United States or other countries, that in the opinion 
of the Gommittee has done the most to advance interest in 
horticulture in its broadest sense. 

The Jackson Dawson Medal : 

The Jackson Dawson Medal is awarded annually, by vote 
of the Trustees, for skill in the science and practice of 
hybridization and propagation of hardy woody plants. 

The Thomas Roland Medal: 

The Thomas Roland Medal is awarded from time to time 
for skill in commercial horticulture. 

The Large Gold Medal: 

The Large Gold Medal is the highest award of the Society 
given at exhibitions; it is also awarded, by vote of the 
Trustees on recommendations of the Garden Committee, for 
gardens of unusual merit ; and on vote of the Trustees, to 
garden superintendents of eminent ability. This medal is not 
to be awarded at the exhibitions to any exhibit scoring less 
than ninety points. 

67 



68 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

The Exhibition Gold Medal : 

The Exhibition Gold Medal is awarded at the exhibitions 
to meritorious exhibits which score not less than eighty 
points. 

The Silver Medals : 

The Silver Medals are awarded at exhibitions for exhibits 
of exceptional merit ; they are also given on vote of the 
Trustees to men, women or firms which have done note- 
worthy service in horticulture. At exhibitions they shall not 
be awarded to any entry scoring less than sixty points. 

The Bronze Medal: 

The Bronze Medal is awarded at exhibitions to exhibits of 
merit which score not less than fifty points. 

CERTIFICATES 

First Class Certificate of Merit : 

This is awarded to new or noteworthy plants, flowers, 
fruits or vegetables of exceptional value. This is the Soci- 
ety's highest award to such exhibits and is not given to any 
product scoring less than ninety-three points. 

Award of Merit: 

This is awarded to new or noteworthy plants, flowers, 
fruits or vegetables which score not less than eighty points. 

Vote of Commendation : 

This is awarded to new plants, flowers, fruits or vegetables 
which score not less than sixty points. 

Cultural Certificate : 

This certificate is given to exhibitors of plants, flowers, 
fruits or vegetables which show evidence of unusually skill- 
ful cultivation. 

Garden Certificate : 

This certificate is given on vote of the Trustees to men, 
women or firms reported during the current year as per- 
forming notable work in some phase of horticulture. 

Vote of Thanks : 

Courteous recognition. 



REVIEW 
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Mr. Moseletfs Prize Winning Porch 



Award to Mr. Ben Perley Poore Moseley 



Mr. Albert C. Burr age offered a fund at the inaugural 
meeting in January, 1929, the interest therefrom to be used 
for a medal to be awarded the house owner in Massachusetts 
who, in the course of a year, added to his house the most 
attractive and serviceable porch overlooking a garden and 
permitting the entrance of much sunlight. The award for 
1929 was made to Mr. Ben Perley Poore Moseley of Ipswich. 
Describing this porch the owner writes : 

The idea was conceived by Mrs. Moseley so that we could have 
a place to sit and enjoy the beauties of the rose garden. When we 
found that on account of the location of this porch it would be a 
great protection to the rose garden in Winter, the idea appealed to 
us more than ever. The porch runs about northeast and southwest 
so that in the Summer we can breakfast there with the early morn- 
ing sunlight on one side and the rose garden on the other. Inciden- 
tally, there is a beautiful view of the ocean beyond. In the afternoon, 
the house cuts off the sun from the porch and the southwest breeze 
blows across. The porch is 12 by 19 feet and has a low, vaulted 
plastered ceiling 10 feet high in the middle. It is shingled to corre- 
spond with the rest of the house. On the top of the porch there is 
a little lighthouse where a 1,000-watt light has been installed. 

69 



Thomas Roland 

A trustee for 21 years, 

who passed away 

December 11, 1929, 

at the age of 67 





Loring Underwood 

A trustee since 1927, 

who passed away 

January 13, 1930, 

at the age of 55 



70 



Thomas Roland (1863-1929) 

In every industry and art, and in almost every community 
there are leaders who tower above their fellow men, and when 
death steps in the loss is as the loss of an institution rather 
than of a person. Such a loss American horticulture in general 
and the Massachusetts Horticultural Society in particular 
suffered by the sudden death on December 11, 1929, of Thomas 
Eoland in his sixty-seventh year. 

Thomas Roland of Nahant was internationally known for 
his skill as a grower of greenhouse plants. His Acacias were 
among the most famous collections of plants in America and 
one of the best known, for his public spirit and generosity 
had frequently caused them to be taken and placed on exhibi- 
tion in cities remote from Massachusetts. 

No matter what plant he undertook to grow Mr. Roland had 
a touch unique that brought complete success. The secret was 
his profound love for all flowers and among them he inti- 
mately lived. One of his first achievements was in the cultiva- 
tion and propagation of Lemoine's great gift to greenhouses, 
the Gloire de Lorraine Begonia. Cyclamen, Ericas, Roses, 
Easter Lilies, Oranges, and I know not what besides were all 
equally easy to this great plantsman. In later years Orchids, 
especially Cypripediums, became his pets and with these as 
with other plants he was very successful. Not only was Mr. 
Roland a master grower but he possessed exquisite taste and 
great artistic ability and the beauty and charm of his exhibits 
won him many famed awards. 

His business instincts were sound and in everything he 
undertook he was thorough and painstaking, giving freely of 
his time, energy and ability. He served long on the councils of 
several national and many local horticultural organizations, 
including The Society of American Florists and Ornamental 
Horticulturists, of which he was President during one term 
and the recipient of the Medal of Honor. As Trustee of the 
Massachusetts Horticultural Society he rendered signal serv- 
ices during the last twenty-one years of his life. 

Profound of thought, deliberate of speech, a stickler for law 
and principle, Thomas Roland was sagacious and courteous in 
debate and as a rule won over those opposed to his views. He 
will be remembered as a great plantsman, a wise counsellor, a 
loyal and generous friend. Great and good, Thomas Roland 
was a simple gentleman — sans peur et sans reproche. 

E. H. W. 

71 




A huge Cycas Revoluta shown by Mr. and Mrs. Albert C. Burrage 
at the Centennial Autumn Exhibition in Boston 



How to Use the Library 

Bequests come almost daily for advice on some point con- 
nected with the use of the Library. The publication of the 
rules and of general information on the relations of the 
Library to the borrowers should, accordingly, be of general 
interest. As the Library is for the benefit of the whole Society, 
the rules are as few as will provide the machinery for smooth 
administration. 

Location. The Library is on the top floor of Horticultural 
Hall, and may be reached by stairs or by elevator. The elevator 
shaft is in the left corner of the entrance lobby, near the door 
of the small exhibition hall. 

Hours. The Library is open daily in winter from 9 a.m. to 
5 p.m. During exhibitions of the Society, it is open on Sundays 
from 2 to 5 p.m. In summer the Saturday hours are 9 a.m. 
to 1 p.m. 

Catalogues and reading lists. A printed catalogue, com- 
plete through 1918, is for sale at $5.00. It is supplemented by 
a list of the year's accessions published annually in the Year 
Book and by short lists at intervals in Horticulture. Lists on 
subjects of current importance or by prominent authors are 
also published in Horticulture. Personal requests for sugges- 
tions on topics of individual interest are welcomed. 

Use. The Library is freely available to the public for 
reference use, but only members of the Society may 
borrow books for use at home. To obtain them, it is necessary 
only to write a note telling what book is wanted or on what 
subject information is needed. In the latter case, the Library 
staff will find it helpful to know in some detail the problem 
in question, for books on apparently simple subjects are 
often written from widely different points of view. Members 
borrowing books for the first time are asked to enclose their 
membership cards for identification. 

Rules. The rules of the Library, as approved by the 
Library Committee, are as follows : 

1. Number. Any reasonable number of books may be bor- 
rowed at one time. 

2. Reserves. Books may be reserved if they are out when 
wanted. 

73 



74 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

3. Restricted classes. Bound periodicals, trade catalogues, 
very large and valuable books may be used only in the Library. 

4. Borrowing by mail. Books may be borrowed and re- 
turned by mail. Postage outbound is prepaid by the Library, 
and on return by the borrower. 

5. Loan period. Books taken by the borrower in person 
are charged for three weeks. Books borrowed by mail are 
charged for four weeks, and should be posted in time to reach 
the Library by the date on which they are due. (Note : the date 
on which each book is due is stamped inside the back cover.) 

6. Renewals. Books may be renewed upon request, pro- 
vided there is no waiting list. 

7. Study privilege. For intensive study, special arrange- 
ment may be made to keep books for longer than the usual 
period, provided they are not needed by other members. This 
arrangement must, however, be made individually for each 
case. It cannot be regarded at any time as a standing agree- 
ment. 

8. Fines. Books overdue are subject to a fine of two cents 
a day. Willingness to pay the fine does not entitle the bor- 
rower to hold a book. Books are not issued while a fine remains 
unpaid. 

9. Overdue notices. Notices of books overdue are sent 
after a reasonable interval, but borrowers themselves should 
keep in mind the date upon which a book is due. 

10. Lost or damaged books. Members losing or damaging 
books shall bear the cost of replacement or repair. 

Dorothy St. J. Manks, Librarian. 



Gifts to the Library 

The Massachusetts Horticultural Society acknowledges with 
thanks gifts to the Library from the following donors in 1929 : 
Arnold Arboretum. 

Index generalis: the yearbook of the universities, libraries . . . 
learned societies. 1923-1924. 

Ballard, James F. 

Abhandlung iiber die anwendung des kochsalzes auf den feld- 
und gartenbau . . . von C. W. Johnson, aus dem englisehen 
der zweiten ausgabe iibersetzt und mit einer vorrede begleitet 
von C. K. 1825. 

Cherrington, Miss M. E. 

Familiar lectures on botany; 4th ed. rev. and enl., by Mrs. A. H. 
Lincoln. 1835. 

Craig, William N. 

Ten months abroad, by Mr. and Mrs. William Cuthbertson. 
1928. 

Farrington, Edward I. 

The span of one hundred years, by Edward I. Farrington. 1929. 

(Manuscript) 
Truly rural, by Richardson Wright. 1922. 

Higgins, Myrta M. 

Little gardens for boys and girls, by M. M. Higgins. 1910. 

Pennsylvania State College. 

Some Pennsylvania pioneers in agricultural science, by T. I. 
Mairs. 1928. 

Purdy, Carl. 

A revision of the genus Calochortus, by Carl Purdy. 1901. 
(Proceedings of California Academy of Sciences, 3rd series, 
Botany, v. 2, no. 4) 

Pyle, Robert. 

How to grow roses; 17th ed. enl. and entirely rewritten, by R. 
Pyle, J. H. McFarland and G. A. Stevens. 1930. 

Reynolds, Philip K. 

The banana, its history, cultivation, and place among staple 
foods, by P. K. Reynolds. 1927. 

Scheepers, John, Inc. 

Beauty from bulbs, published by John Scheepers, Inc. 1929. 
Index to Beautv from bulbs, published by John Scheepers, Inc. 
1929. 

75 



Library Accessions 



New books added to the library in the year 1929 include 
the following: 

Abjornson, E. Ornamental dwarf fruit trees, how to grow and 

train them in the home garden. 1929. 
Algemeene vereeniging voor bloembollencultuur, Haarlem. Hardy 

bulbous plants (Florilegium Haarlemense) edited by E. Step. 

1908. 
Arnold, S. Wayside marketing. 1929. 
Atkinson, G. F. First studies of plant life. 1901. 
Auchter, E. C. Orchard and small fruit culture, by E. C. Auchter 

and H. B. Knapp. 1929. 
Bahr, F. Fritz Bahr's commercial floriculture; 3rd (rev.) ed. 

1929. 
B.aines, T. Greenhouse and stove plants, flowering and fine leaved, 

palms, ferns, and lycopodiums. 1894. 
Balfour, J. H. The plants of the Bible. 1857. 
Bean, W. J. Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles; 4th ed. 

1925. 2v. 
The Bartram garden, Philadelphia. 1929. 
Bear, F. E. Soil management; 2nd ed. rev. and enl. 1927. 
Beddome, R. H. A revised list of all the ferns found in India, 

Ceylon, Birmah and Malay Peninsula, with references to . . . 

"The ferns of Southern India" and "The ferns of British India" 

and descriptions of some new species. 1876. 
Bennett, J. M. Roadside development. 1929. 
Benson, A. E. History of the Massachusetts Horticultural So- 
ciety. 1929. 
Bentham, George. Handbook of British flora; ed. 7, rev. by A. B. 

Rendle. 1924. 
Bois, D. Les plantes alimentaires chez tous les peuples et a travers 

les ages, t.2. 1928. 
Bolles, C. B. Cultivation of the dahlia. 1921-1926. 
Bolles, F. Chocorua's tenants. 1895. 

Bolles, F. From Blomidon to Smoky and other papers. 1894. 
Bonnier, G. Name this flower. 19.17. 
Bonpland, A. Description des plantes rares cultivees a Malmaison 

et a Navarre. 1813. 
Bouquet, A. G. B. Cauliflower and broccoli culture. 1929. 
Brenchley, W. E. Weeds of farm land. 1920. 
Browning, G. H. The children's book of wild flowers and the story 

of their names. 1927. 
Bunyard, E. A. Anatomy of dessert. 1929. 

76 



LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 77 

Bunyard, E. A. Handbook of hardy fruits, v.2. Stone and bush 
fruits. 1925. 

Burgess, T. W. Burgess flower book for children. 1928. 

Burroughs, J. The writings of Burroughs; Riverby edition. 1904- 
1916. 19v. 

Bush-Brown, L. Portraits of Philadelphia gardens, by L. Bush- 
Brown and J. Bush-Brown. 1929. 

Calvert, A. F. Daffodil growing for pleasure and profit. 1929. 

Candolle, A. P. de. Plantes rares du jardin de Geneve. 1829. 

Clements, F. E. Flower families and ancestors, by F. E. Clements 
and E. S. Clements. 

Cockburn, J. Letters of John Cockburn of Ormiston to his gar- 
dener, 1727-1744, ed. by J. Colville. 1904. 

Costantin, J. Atlas en couleur des orchidees cultivees. 

Coste, H., abbe. Flore descriptive et illustree de la France, de la 
Corse, et des contrees limitrophes. 1901-1906. 3v. 

Cousins, H. H. Chemistry of the garden ; rev. ed. 1924. 

Coventry, B. 0. Wild flowers of Kashmir (ser. 2). 1927. 

Cran, M. The gardens of Good Hope. 1927. 

Creevey, Mrs. C. A. Harper's guide to the wild flowers. 1912. 

Croy, M. S. 1000 hints on flowers and birds. 1917. 

Cuthbertson, W. Ten months abroad, by Mr. and Mrs. W. Cuth- 
bertson. 1928. 

Delacroix, G. Maladies des plantes cultivees : maladies para- 
sitaires; 3e ed. par A. Maublanc. 1926. 

Delacroix, G. Maladies des plantes cultivees: maladies non para- 
sitaires. 1927. 

Dochnahl, F. J. Bibliotheca hortensis . . . 1750-1860. 1861. 

Downing, A. J. The fruits and fruit trees of America; 2d re- 
vision by C. Downing. 1900. 

Drewitt, F. D. The romance of the Apothecaries' garden at Chel- 
sea; 3d ed. 1928. 

Duchesne, A. N. fils. Histoire naturelle des fraisiers. 1766. 

Du Pas, Crispin. Hortus floridus, the first book contayninge a 
very lively & true description of the flowers of the Springe . . . 
preface by E. S. Rohde, and calligraphy by M. Shipton. 1928. 

Edwardes-Ker, D. R. The chemistry of the garden: a course of 
practical work for teachers and students of horticulture, garden- 
ing, and rural science. 1914. 

Estienne, C. S. Nouvelle instruction pour connoistre les bons 
fruits; 2e. ed. 1687. 

Farrington, E. I. The span of one hundred years. 1929. (Manu- 
script) 

Fox, H. M. Patio gardens. 1929. 



78 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

France. Societe nationale d'horticulture. Les meilleurs fruits au 
debut du xxe siecle. 1907. 

France. Societe pomologique. Catalogue descriptif des fruits 
adoptes par le congres pomologique. 1927. 

Free, M. Flowers of winter indoors and out. 1917. 

Gerth Van Wijk, H. L. A dictionary of plant names. 1911-1916. 
2v. 

Gilman, A. Practical bee-breeding. 1929. 

Guptill, A. L. Drawing with pen and ink and a word concerning 
the brush. 1928. 

Hall, Sir A. D. Book of the tulip. 1929. 

Hamblin, S. F. American rock gardens. 1929. 

Handasyde, pseud. Four gardens [by Emily H. Buchanan] 1927. 

Hatton, R. G. The craftsman's plant-book. 1909. 

Hedrick, U. P. Vegetables of New York, v.l, part 1. 1928. 

Henslow, G. Uses of British plants traced from antiquity to the 
present day. 1905. 

Higgins, M. M. Little gardens for boys and girls. 1910. 

Hort, Sir A. The unconventional garden. 1928. ' 

Hubbard, H. V. An introduction to the study of landscape de- 
sign; rev.ed. by H. V. Hubbard and T. Kimball. 1929. 

Hubbard, H. V. Landscape architecture, a comprehensive classifi- 
cation scheme, by H. V. Hubbard and T. Kimball. 1920. 

Hume, H. H. Gardening in the lower South. 1929. 

Hunger, F. W. T. Charles de l'Escluse (Carolus Clusius), Neder- 
landsch kruidkundige> 1526-1609. 1927. 

Index generalis; the yearbook of the universities, libraries . . . 
learned societies. 1923-1924. 

Index Londinensis to illustrations of flowering plants, ferns and 
fern allies . . . compiled . . . under the auspices of the Royal 
Horticultural Society of London ... by O. Stapf, v.l. 1929. 

International congress of plant sciences. Proceedings, v.l. 1929. 

Jekyll, G. Children and gardens. 1908. 

John Crerar Library, Chicago, comp. A list of books on the his- 
tory of industry and industrial arts, prepared by A. G. S. 
Josephson. 1915. 

Johnson, C. W. Abhandlung iiber die anwendung des kochsalzes 
auf den feld- und gartenbau . . . aus dem Englischen der zweiten 
ausgabe ubersetzt und einer vorrede begleitst von C. K. 1825. 

Joret, C. Les plantes dans l'antiquite et au moyen age. 1897- 
1904. 2v. 

King, Mrs. F. The gardener's colour book, by Mrs. F. King and 
J. Fothergill. 1929. 



LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 79 

Laurie, A. Fertilizers for greenhouse and garden crops, by A. 

Laurie and J. B. Edmond. 1929. 
Leyel, Mrs. C. F. The magic of herbs : a modern book of secrets. 

1926. 
Lick, D. E. Plant names and plant lore among the Pennsylvania 

Germans, by D. E. Lick and T. R. Brendle. 1927. 
Lincoln, Mrs. A. H. Familiar lectures on botany; 4th ed. rev. and 

enl. 1835. 
Lyons, A. B. Plant names, scientific and popular. 1900. 
Maeterlinck, M. Children's life of the bee. 1927. 
Mairs, T. I. Some. Pennsylvania pioneers in agricultural science. 

1928. 
Maxon, W. R. Ferns as a hobby. 

Maxwell, D. F. The low road, hardy heathers and heather gar- 
den. 1925. 
Meisel, M. A bibliography of American natural history, v.3. 1929. 
Mellen, I. Roof gardening. 1929. 
Metcalf, C. L. Destructive and useful insects, their habits and 

control, by C. L. Metcalf and W. P. Flint. 1928. 
Micheli, M. Le jardin du Crest. 1896. 
Millardet, A. Histoire des principales varietes et especes de 

vignes d'origine americaine qui resistent au Phylloxera. 1885. 
Monardes, N. Joyfull newes out of the newe found worlde . . . 

Englished by J. Frampton, merchant, anno 1577, with an intro- 
duction by S. Gaselee. 1925. 2v. 
Moore, B. Vegetation of Mount Desert Island, by B. Moore and 

N. Taylor. 1928. Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Memoirs, v.3) 
Morris, F. Our wild orchids, trails and portraits, by F. Morris and 

E. A. Eames. 1929. 
Neill, P. Fruit, flower and kitchen garden; 4th ed. rev. and imp. 

1851. 
Nissley, C. H. Starting early vegetables and flowering plants under 

glass. 1929. 
Northend, M. H. Garden ornaments. 1916. 
Norton, J. B. S. Favorite dahlias of 1928. 1929. 
Nouvelle instruction facile pour la culture des figuiers. 1692. 
Palmer, E. Food products of the North American Indians. 1870. 
Piemonte. ft. Societa orto-agricola. Esposizione intern azionale 

d'orticoltura. Cinquantenario della . . . Societa. Catalogo gen- 

erale, Elenco delle premiazioni. 1904. 
Pitkin, H. W. Osage orange (Madura), the hedge plant of America. 

185—. 
Preston, I. Garden lilies. 1929. 



80 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTUKAL SOCIETY 

Pulteney, R. Historical and biographical sketches of the progress of 
botany in England from its origin to the introduction of the Lin- 
nean system. 1790. 2v. 

Purdy, C. A revision of the genus Calochortus. 1901. (Proceed- 
ings of California Academy of Sciences, 3rd series, Botany, v. 2, 
no. 4). 

Pyle, R. How to grow roses ; 17th ed. enl. and entirely rewritten by 
R. Pyle, J. H. McFarland and G. A. Stevens. 1930. 

Quackenbush, A. T. A. Perennials of flowerland. 1929. 

Recknagel, A. B. Forestry ... by A. B. Recknagel and S. N. 
Spring. 1929. 

Rexford, E. E. Amateur gardencraft. 1912. 

Rexford, E. E. Four seasons in the garden. 1907. 

Reynolds, P. K. The banana, its history, cultivation, and place 
among staple foods. 1927. 

Roberts, E. A. American plants for American gardens, by E. A. 
Roberts and E. Rehmann. 1929. 

Roberts, H. F. Plant hybridizers before Mendel. 1929. 

Rockwell, F. F. Dahlias. 1929. 

Rockwell, F. F. Lawns. 1929. 

Rohde, E. S. Garden craft in the Bible and other essays. 1927. 

Root, A. I. The ABC and XYZ of bee culture. 1920. 

Rosendahl, C. O. Trees and shrubs of Minnesota, by C. O. Rosen- 
dahl and F. K. Butters. 1928. 

Rothamsted Experimental Station. Library. Catalogue of the 
printed books on agriculture published between 1471 and 1840. 
1926. 

Royal Horticultural Society. Classified list of daffodil names. 1929. 

Royal Horticultural Society. Tentative list of tulip names. 1929. 

Royal Scottish Arboricultural Society. Library regulations and cat- 
alogue. 1928. 

Sand, A. W. W. A study of Pogoniris varieties. 1925. 

Sandhack, H. A. Dahlien und gladiolen, ihre beschreibung, kultur 
und ziichtung. 1927. 

Scheepers, J., Inc. Beauty from bulbs. 1929. 

Scheepers, J., Inc. Index to Beauty from bulbs. 1929. 

Seaver, F. J. The North American cup-fungi. 1928. 

Small, J. K. Some American species of iris. 192 — . (Addisonia, 
v. 9, no. 4, v. 12 no. 1.) 

Sowerby, J. English botany, supplement, v. 5. 1863-1866. 

Temple, A. A. Flowers and trees of Palestine. 1929. 

Thompson, H. C. Sweet potato production and handling. 1929. 

Thomson, S. Thomsonian materia medica; or, Botanic family phy- 
sician; ed. 13. 1841. 



LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 81 

Tilli, M. A. Catalogus plantarum horti Pisani. 1723. 

True, A. C. History of agricultural education in the United States, 
1785-1925. 1929. 

Tubbs, E. M. The New Hampshire kitchen, fruit, and floral gar- 
dener. 1852. 

United States catalog, books in print January 1, 1928. 1928. 

Van Dyke, H. Songs out of doors. 1927. 

Villiers- Stuart, C. Spanish gardens, their history, types and fea- 
tures. 1929. 

Walcott, M. V. North American wild flowers, v. 4 and 5. 1929. 

Walter, F. K. Abbreviations and technical terms used in book cata- 
logues and in bibliographies. 1919. 

Warner, R. Dutch and Flemish fruit and flower painters of the 17th 
and 18th centuries. 1928. 

Weaver, J. E. Plant ecology, by J. E. Weaver and F. E. Clements. 
1929. 

Wherry, E. T. Wild flowers of Mt. Desert Island, Maine. 1928. 

Wiepking-Jurgensmann, H. F. Garten und Haus: I. Das haus in 
der landschaft. 1927. 

Wilkinson, A. E. Practical vegetable culture. 1929. 

Williams, B. S. Select ferns and lycopods, British and exotic . . . 
accompanied by directions for their management in the tropical, 
temperate, and hardy fernery ; ed. 2. 1873. 

Wilson, A. Insects and their control. 1929. 

Wilson, E. H. China, mother of gardens. 1929. 

Wilson, E. H. Lilies of eastern Asia, a monograph. 1929. 

Wilson, J. D. Measurements and interpretation of the water-supply- 
ing power of the soil with special reference to lawn grasses and 
some other plants. 1928. 

Wright, R. The gardener's bed-book. 1929. 

Wright, R. Truly rural. 1922. 



Periodicals Currently Received, 1929 

•Adelaide, South Australia. Botanic Garden. Report. 
*Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales. Sidney. 
*Agricultural Index. New York. 

American Bee Journal. Hamilton, 111. 
*American Botanist. Joliet, 111. 

*American Carnation Society. Proceedings. St. Louis. 
•American Dahlia Society. Bulletin. New Haven. 
*American Delphinium Society. Bulletin. Portland, Ore. 
•American Fern Journal. Auburndale, Mass. 

American Florist. Chicago. 

*American Forests and Forest Life. Washington, D. C. 
•American Fruit Grower Magazine. Chicago. 
*American Home. Garden City, N. Y. 
•American Iris Society. Bulletin. Lancaster, Pa. 
•American Landscape Architect. Chicago. 
*American Nut Journal. Rochester, N. Y. 
*American Peony Society. Bulletin. St. Paul, Minn. 

American Potato Journal. East Lansing, Mich. 

American Produce Grower. Chicago. 
•American Rose Annual. Harrisburg, Pa. 
•American Society for Horticultural Science. Proceedings. Geneva, 

N. Y. 
*Les Amis des Roses. Lyon, France. 
*Annals of Botany. London. 
*Anvers. Societe Royale d'Horticulture et d' Agriculture. Bulletin. 

Antwerp, Belgium. 
•Arnold Arboretum. Bulletin of Popular Information. Boston. 
*Arnold Arboretum. Journal. Boston. 

Aube. Societe Horticole, Vigeronne et Forestiere. Annales. Troyes, 
France. 

Beautiful Florida. Winter Park, Fla. 
•Belgique. Societe Royale de Botanique. Bulletin. Brussels. 
•Better Flowers. Portland, Ore. 
•Better Fruit. Portland, Ore. 

Better Homes and Gardens. Des Moines, Iowa. 
•Botanical Society of Edinburgh. Transactions and Proceedings. 

Edinburgh. 
•Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research. Contributions. 

Yonkers, N. Y. 
•Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research. Professional Pa- 
pers. Yonkers, N. Y. 
♦British Gladiolus Society. Gladiolus Annual. Colchester, Eng, 

*Periodicals kept permanently. 

82 



PERIODICALS CURRENTLY RECEIVED, 1929 83 

British Guiana. Board of Agriculture. Journal. Georgetown. 
*Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Leaflets. Brooklyn, N. Y. 
*Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Record. Brooklyn, N. Y. 
*Bruxelles. Jardin Botanique de l'Etat. Bulletin. 
*Bryologist. New York. 

* California Avocado Association. Yearbook. Los Angeles. 

* California Department of Agriculture. Bulletin. Sacramento. 

* California Garden. Point Loma, Calif. 

*California University. Publications in Botany. Berkeley. 

* Canadian Entomologist. Guelph, Ont. 

* Canadian Florist. Peterboro, Ont. 

* Canadian Gladiolus Society. Bulletin. Hamilton, Ont. 

* Canadian Horticulturist. Peterboro, Ont. 
*Le Chrysantheme. Lyon, France. 

Cornell Countryman. Ithaca, N. Y. 
Country Life. Garden City, N. Y. 

* Curtis' s Botanical Magazine. London. 

*Dahlia Society of New England. Bulletin. New Bedford, Mass. 
*Dahlia Society of San Francisco. California Dahlia News. San 

Francisco. 
*Desert. Pasadena, Calif. 

*Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. Journal. Chapel Hill, N. C. 
Epernay. Societe d'Horticulture et de Viticulture. Bulletin. 

Epernay, France. 
*Experiment Station Record. Washington, D. C. 
Farm Journal. Philadelphia. 

* Florists Exchange. New York. 
*Florists , Review. Chicago. 
*Flower Garden. Honeybrook, Pa. 

* Flower Grower. Calcium, N. Y. 
*Forest Leaves. Philadelphia. 

*France. Societe Nationale d'Horticulture. Bulletin. Paris. 

* Fruit World of Australasia. Victoria, N. S. W. 
*Fruits and Gardens. Zeeland, Mich. 
*Garden Club. Des Moines, Iowa. 

* Garden Club of America. Bulletin. New York. 
*Garden Gossip. Woodberry Forest, Va. 
*Garden Life. St. Louis. 

*Garden Lover. Melbourne, Australia. 

*Gardeners' Chronicle. London. 

•Gardeners' Chronicle (of America). New York. 

* Gardening Illustrated. London. 
*Gartenflora. Berlin. 



*Periodicals kept permanently. 



84 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

*Gartenkunst. Frankfurt, Germany. 
*Ga.rtenschonheit. Berlin. 
*Gartenwelt. Berlin. 

*Geisenheimer Mitteilungen iiber Obst- und Gartenbau. Wiesbaden, 
Germany. 

* Gladiolus Review. Rochester, N. Y. 

*Gray Herbarium. Contributions. Cambridge, Mass. 

* Great Britain. Ministry of Agriculture. Journal. London. 
Guide to Nature. Sound Beach, Conn. 

*Hartford, Conn. Board of Park Commissioners. Annual Report. 
*Haute-Garonne. Societe d'Horticulture. Annales. 
*Home Acres. New York. 
*Hoosier Horticulture. Lafayette, Ind. 
Horizons. Ames, Iowa. 

*L'Horticulteur Chalonnaise. Chalon, France, 
horticultural Society of New York. Yearbook. New York. 

* Horticulture. Boston. 
*L'Horticulture Frangaise. Paris. 

* House and Garden. New York. 
House Beautiful. Boston. 

*Indiana Academy of Science. Proceedings. Indianapolis. 

*Indiana Horticultural Society. Transactions. Indianapolis. 

international Review of Agriculture. Rome. 

*Iowa State Horticultural Society. Transactions. Des Moines. 

*Ireland. Department of Lands and Agriculture. Journal. Dublin. 

*Japanese Horticultural Society. Journal. Tokyo. 

*Jardinage. Versailles. 

* Journal of Agricultural Research. Washington, D. C. 

* Journal of Botany, British and Foreign. London. 
*Journal of Economic Entomology. Geneva, N. Y. 
*Journal of Forestry. Washington, D. C. 

Journal of the Market Garden Field Station. Waltham, Mass. 
*Journal of Pomology and Horticultural Science. London. 

* Kansas Gardens. McPherson, Kan. 
•Landscape Architecture. Boston. 

*Linnean Society. Journal. Botany. London. 
*Lyon-Horticole et Horticulture Nouvelle Reunis. Lyon, France. 
*Market Growers Journal. Louisville, Ky. 
*Massachusetts Horticultural Society. Yearbook. Boston. 
*Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. Papers. Ann 

Arbor. 
•Michigan State Horticultural Society. Annual Report. Lansing. 
•Minnesota Horticulturist. St. Paul. 



*Periodicals kept permanently. 



PERIODICALS CURRENTLY RECEIVED, 1929 85 

*Missouri Botanical Garden. Annals. St. Louis. 
*Missouri Botanical Garden. Bulletin. St. Louis. 
*Mollers Deutsche Gartner-Zeitung. Berlin. 

*Montreal. Universite. Laboratoire de Botanique. Contributions. 
*Morton Arboretum. Bulletin of Popular Information. Lisle, 111. 
*Mycologia. Lancaster, Pa. 

*National Carnation and Picotee Society. Annual Report and Year- 
book. Colchester, England. 
*Kational Horticultural Magazine. Washington, D. C. 
*National Nurseryman. Hatboro, Pa. 
*National Pecan Exchange News. Albany, Ga. 

National Plant, Flower and Fruit Guild Magazine. New York. 

Nature - Garden Guide. New York. 
*New England Gladiolus Society. Yearbook. Boston. 

New England Homestead. Springfield, Mass. 
*New Flora and Silva. London. 
*New Jersey Dahlia News. New Brunswick, N. J. 
*New York Botanical Garden. Bulletin. New York. 
*New York Botanical Garden. Journal. New York. 
*Le Nord Horticole. Lille, France. 
*Nurseryman. Des Moines, Iowa. 
*Onze Tuinen. Amsterdam. 

* Orchid Review. London. 

* Orleans. Societe d'Horticulture d'Orleans et du Loiret. Bulletin. 

Orleans, France. 

Parks and Recreation. Tulsa, Okla. 
*Le Petit Jardin. Paris. 

Philippine Agricultural Review. Manila, P. I. 
*La Pomologie Franchise. Versailles. 

Progressive Farmer and Farm Woman. Memphis, Tenn. 

* Quarterly Journal of Forestry. London. 
Revista del Litoral. Buenos Aires. 

*Revue des Eaux et Forets. Paris. 
*Revue Horticole. Paris. 

* Rhode Island Horticultural Society. Premium Lists. Providence. 
*Rhodora. Boston. 

*Rio de Janeiro. Museu Nacional. Archivos. Rio de Janeiro. 

Rio de Janeiro. Museu Nacional. Boletim. Rio de Janeiro. 
*Royal Horticultural Society. Journal. London. 

Rural Digest. Rochester, N. Y. 
*Rural New Yorker. New York. 
*San Diego Rosarian. San Diego, Calif. 
*Scottish Forestry Journal. Edinburgh. 

*Periodicals kept permanently. 



86 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

*Seed World. New York. 

* Smithsonian Institution. Annual Report. Washington, D. C. 

* South African Gardening and Country Life. Cape Town, South 

Africa. 

* Southern Florist and Nurseryman. Fort Worth, Texas. 
*Syracuse Rose Society. Quarterly. Syracuse, N. Y. 

* Tennessee State Horticultural Society. Annual Convention. Pro- 

ceedings. Nashville, Tenn. 
*Torrey Botanical Club. Bulletin. Lancaster, Pa. 
*Torreya. Lancaster, Pa. 

*Toscana. Reale Societa di Orticultura. Bulletino. Florence. 
*La Tribune Horticole. Brussels. 

Tropical Agriculture. Trinidad, West Indies. 

Tropical Home and Garden. Miami Beach, Fla. 
U. S. Department of Agriculture. Crops and Markets. Monthly 

Supplement. Washington, D. C. 
*U. S. Department of Agriculture. Yearbook. Washington, D. C. 
*U. S. National Herbarium. Contributions. Washington, D. C. 

Victoria. Department of Agriculture. Journal. Melbourne, 

Australia. 
*Wild Flower. Cincinnati, Ohio. 
*Wisconsin Horticulture. Madison, Wis. 

* Worcester County Horticultural Society. Transactions. Worces- 

ter, Mass. 
*Your Garden. Cleveland, Ohio. 

*Zeitschrift fur Obst-, Wein- und Gartenbau. Dresden, Germany. 
*Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz. Stuttgart, 

Germany. 



* Periodicals kept permanently. 



Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and 
Flower Mission 

At the expiration of the 61st year of the Benevolent Frater- 
nity Fruit and Flower Mission, and the fifth season that its 
headquarters have been under the hospitable roof of Horti- 
cultural Hall, it again desires to express its sincere thanks to 
the Trustees of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, espe- 
cially for the friendly co-operation of their Secretary. 

During 1929 many new opportunities for service have pre- 
sented themselves and the Mission has gained new friends. 

On June 1st the four centres — South Bay Union and Robert 
Gould Shaw House in the South End of the city ; North End 
Union in the North End; and Bulfinch Place Church in the 
West End — were opened as usual to take care of the organized 
hamper work which has been carried on continuously since 
1869 during the 18 weeks of the Summer. 

Three hundred and eighty-eight hampers, filled with flowers, 
fruits and vegetables, were received at the centres. 

These hampers were packed by the Garden Clubs of 
Duxbury, Wayland and Groton; the Lend-a-Hand Clubs of 
Arlington and Lynn; the "Women's Associations of the Fed- 
eration of Churches of Medford, Medford Hillside and West 
Medford; the Women's Clubs of Marshfield Hills, Scituate 
and Stoneham ; and individual organizations in Weston, Con- 
cord, Lincoln, Winchester, Marblehead and Needham. Com- 
munity hampers came from Sharon, Canton and Westborough, 
the Lyman School for Boys taking charge of the filling and 
sending of the hamper one week. Mrs. Galen L. Stone sent 
regularly flowers from her beautiful gardens in Marion ; Mrs. 
Lester Leland sent crates of vegetables and flowers from Man- 
chester ; Mrs. Alanson Bigelow, Jr. had charge of the Cohasset 
hampers and from Centreville came a hamper packed by Mrs. 
Harry A. Wheeler. 

In addition to this work of the centres our basement head- 
quarters in Horticultural Hall have been filled on many occa- 
sions with the contributions brought in by interested friends. 

Our committee has distributed the exhibits after the flower 
shows and the Mission has been very fortunate in being able 
to send out quantities of exquisite Peonies and Gladioli when 

87 



88 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

these flowers were at their best, the surplus blossoms of the 
exhibitors before the opening of the shows. 

The extreme heat of June brought thousands of Roses and 
bunches of Sweet Peas from the growers of New England 
during the days of the flooded market at the Flower Exchange. 

For the third time Mayor Nichols sent the Pansy plants 
from the Public Gardens. 

Our gay little baskets at Thanksgiving and Christmas 
carried holiday cheer to our long list of sick and lonely 
shut-ins. 

In several localities the Girl Scouts and Boy Scouts have 
given valuable assistance, sending baskets of Daisies and 
Christmas stockings or collecting the contributions for the 
hampers. 

If garden growers could realize what a few flowers mean 
in the lives of those with whom we come in contact, people 
of all nationalities and all creeds, the basement room of the 
Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and Flower Mission would 
receive contributions every morning throughout the entire 
season. 

The co-operation of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society 
makes it possible to increase constantly our field of service. 

Emily I. Elliott, Executive Secretary. 



MASSACHUSETTS 
HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



REPORTS 

OF THE 

OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES 
FOR 1929 



PRESENTED AT THE 
INAUGURAL MEETING JANUARY 13, 1930 



WITH A LIST OF MEMBERS 
ADMITTED IN 1929 




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The Inaugural Meeting 

The inaugural meeting was held at Horticultural Hall on 
Monday, January 13, with the President, Mr. Albert C. 
Burrage, in the chair. 

The President's Address 

Ladies and Gentlemen, Members of the Massachusetts Horti- 
cultural Society : — Thomas Roland is no more. The great 
stabilizer of this Society has passed on; our helmsman has 
gone. We deeply mourn our loss. His reputation will endure 
as long as this Society lasts, through the annual award of the 
Thomas Roland Gold Medal, named for him, which he was the 
first to receive, and which is given only for skill in horticul- 
ture. May we, somehow, somewhere, sometime, find another 
like him. 

This is a time to report and not to talk. We have just 
finished our first century and are on the threshold of another. 
We are proud of our achievements. I intended to point to 
them with great pride — but a strange thing has happened. 
This morning, while making notes for this meeting, I had 
two legal notices served on me, both peremptory. One was a 
rather rough communication from the chairmen of the differ- 
ent committees who are to make their reports today on the 
work for the past year. They warned me that if I encroached 
upon their grounds and said one word about what was done 
last year, either of exhibitions, earnings, library accessions, 
increase of members, development of the magazine, or any- 
thing else concerning the work done by the Society in 1929, 
they would all go on strike and refuse to make any reports, 
and this meeting would be a fizzle. The other was a rather 
polite, but nevertheless emphatic, letter from Mr. Farrington 
that I should say nothing about the previous 99 years of the 
Society for that would probably seriously interfere with the 
sale of the History of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, 
which he is selling for $3 a copy, which he advertises at cost, 
and of which he hopes to sell perhaps seven copies today at 
the table outside the entrance doors. He says that if I talk 
now of the past he may not sell over two copies. 

So here I am, confronted with a serious situation — pro- 
hibited from referring to the past (of which I know but little ; 

91 



92 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

in fact, just a tenth — for that is the number of years I have 
been a Trustee), and driven to talk about the future, about 
which I know absolutely nothing. You realize my limitations, 
thus handicapped. What use is it for me to try to hold your 
attention. I had prepared to tell you of the really great work 
done for this Society in the past by such leaders as Dearborn, 
Wilder, Parkman, Hayes, Sargent, Hunnewell and Roland, 
and the great inspiration of their names and lives. I am 
barred, however ; I cannot even hint to you that this Society 
may have gained over a hundred members a month last year, 
or say a word about the size of its treasury or how many 
thousands of dollars Horticulture has made, the managers of 
which debate every month as to whether they shall double the 
advertising rates or double the size of the paper and triple 
the advertising rates — knowing that this commanding posi- 
tion is largely due to its clientele, the members of the three 
largest horticultural societies in America — the Massachusetts, 
New York and Pennsylvania, — a vast majority of whom read 
the paper throughout, advertisements and all. 

All that these respected and respectable gentlemen wish me 
to say is that this Society is a success, and is growing in 
numbers, strength and influence. 

Let us reflect upon this splendid past and this glowing 
present, and see if it does not tell us something of the future. 
The founders of this Society, few in number when the country 
was young and poor, and nurserymen, seedsmen and importers 
were scarce, surely laid a solid foundation and built well. 
They established traditions which are still maintained and 
around which we love to cluster. Our leaders have carried on 
these traditions and given us a reputation which stretches 
far and wide and is an inspiration to our sister societies 
throughout the country, as it is to us. This accounts for our 
strength, both in building, in Library and in membership — 
far the greatest of any horticultural society in this country. 

It is not possible that there should be 7,000 subscribers to 
our magazine in Massachusetts, unless there are more than 
that number of people in this community who enjoy horti- 
culture, horticultural talks and horticultural writings, and 
who want to see and know about the best things horticulture 
can produce here and elsewhere. 



INAUGURAL MEETING 93 

Some of us, during the past ten years that I have been a 
Trustee, have had one goal in mind: to live to see the day 
when it would be acknowledged that this Society is truly 
representative, not only of the district in which it is situated, 
but also of the principal horticultural interests of the state; 
when it would be acknowledged that the Society is free from 
clique-ism and, as far as humanly possible, from favoritism ; 
and when the rank and file would instinctively feel that in 
schedule and awards it stood, above all else, for a fair deal — 
that six peony blossoms or a plate of 48 strawberries, if they 
showed superior culture, might win the President's Cup for 
the most meritorious exhibit in the show, whether large or 
small, and whether of flowers, fruits or vegetables, even against 
very large exhibits of the President and other Trustees. 

What does our great endowment mean ? What do our large 
numbers mean? What does this history of a century mean? 
It means just this : that we shall get, in the future, what we 
hope for and what we work for — and not much more. 

I am not sure that I shall be allowed to thank, as I really 
want to for their arduous labors, those who, like the Secretary, 
the Librarian, Mrs. Bayard Thayer, Mr. Ernest H. Wilson, 
Mr. Nathaniel T. Kidder and Mr. John S. Ames, the Com- 
mittees and the Judges, have contributed so largely to the 
success of this Society, especially during the past year. 

In the past few years the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society has not favored drives for endowments or buildings, 
and it has not joined in the mad rush for millions which so 
many of our American institutions, through highly paid pro- 
fessional "drive" experts, have — in common parlance — "put 
over" ; but it would be helpful if, by the unsolicited, voluntary 
gifts of members who believe in the work of this Society, our 
cash endowment, now — at today's valuation — about $750,000, 
could be at least $1,000,000, which, at five per cent, average 
yield, would furnish an income of $50,000. 

To ask one to act as Committeeman or Judge at show after 
show and year after year is taxing friendship and loyalty to 
the limit, and to do so for ten or fifteen years is stretching 
this limit too far. They are honorable positions, and we appre- 
ciate that fact when we appoint persons to them ; but we also 
know that there are two sides to the problem. Constant attend- 



94 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

ance is not always easy without some neglect of business- or 
profession. We are grateful to those who have served, but, 
just as we have altered our by-laws to force into the Board 
some new blood each year — as seen by the election of Mr. 
Hunnewell, Mr. Gardner and Mr. Stone, so we ought to see, 
somehow, that the same plan will be applied to Committees 
and Judges, lest we fall into ruts and discourage the younger 
generation who also wish honors and can do work. 

It may be that, after thoughtful study, conference and 
careful consideration by a special committee of the Trustees, 
it will be possible to formulate, and adopt by common consent, 
a "Code of Ethics" and a "Roll of Honor," which will create 
a closer relationship and friendliness between employers and 
gardeners, between buyers and sellers of plants and garden 
supplies — by the better reward of highly skilled gardeners, 
the prevention of the payment of improper commissions and 
greater exactness in the description of plants and seeds. We 
should thus inspire greater confidence and respect between all 
those interested in any way in horticulture, greater use and 
more sales, with greater profits and greater employment for 
skilled gardeners at higher wages, all of which would be good 
for horticulture. I do not mean ordinary unskilled labor, but 
skilled labor, applied with greater intelligence. In these days 
of intensity in all lines, when there are rapidly moving aero- 
planes in the air and automobiles on the earth, it is not easy 
to get a new crop of gardeners, and especially those who will 
study and work overtime to educate themselves to be skilled. 
When they do become skilled, we must give them greater 
rewards. 

Under the bylaws, it is the duty of the President to make 
suggestions concerning the affairs of the Society. Under these 
circumstances, at the beginning of this— the last year of my 
service as President, and as the result of ten years' experience 
as a Trustee, I wish, instead of making suggestions, to express 
my hopes— and with your permission I shall do so : 

I hope for the day when every Committeeman will be 
present at the beginning of the meeting, and not delay his 
fellow members. 

I hope for the day when every Trustee, unless prevented by 



INAUGURAL MEETING 95 

illness, will attend every meeting of the Board of Trustees 
as readily as he now pays $100 at the call of the President. 

I hope for the day when our Board of Trustees will be 
increased, so that every important horticultural interest will 
be represented among its members, and it will be more repre- 
sentative than it now is, of the western and central parts of 
the state. 

I hope for the day when all our by-laws, rules and regula- 
tions and schedules will be lived up to in both letter and spirit 
by our Trustees, Judges, Committees, Secretary and President. 

I hope for the day when the vegetable and fruit growers 
will show their best products — as they did 50 years ago, and 
when, after such showing, they will feel repaid for coming, 
both by the visitors and by the prizes they win. 

I hope for the day when each Spring we shall see great 
clusters of blooms of Flowering Crabs, covering acres along 
the railroads of this state. 

I hope for the day when the Secretary will give at least 24 
hours' notice of every meeting of a committee, and at least 
seven days' notice of every meeting of the Trustees. 

I hope for the day when Horticulture will have the courage 
to refuse to print any advertisement or notice of any horti- 
cultural product or plant which its Editors believe exag- 
gerated, untrue or misleading. 

I hope for the day when our lectures will be as frequent 
and as good as those of any other horticultural society in the 
land, and when the hall in which they are given will be as 
regularly filled at these lectures as in that where the Lowell 
Institute lectures are given. 

I hope for the day when the writers of our thoughtful and 
helpful articles in Horticulture will be as highly paid as the 
authors of such articles by any other horticultural magazine 
in the world. 

I hope for the day when every exhibitor, in simple justice 
to his co-exhibitors, to the Judges and to the Society, will have 
his exhibits absolutely ready at the hour set for the clearing 
of the hall, so that exhibits can be seen while they are per- 
fectly fresh. 

I hope for the day, soon, when we shall have established a 
community of interests, or temporary partnerships, with the 



96 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

garden clubs of Massachusetts which now exist, as well as 
with those which are to come in great numbers, whereby we 
can, in return for their support, grant them facilities which 
but few can possess at home for a long time to come, and when 
there can be an enlargement of that splendid co-operation 
which was so helpful at the Centennial Exhibition. 

I hope for the day, very soon, when we shall have constantly 
on the road in the open season, under an assistant librarian, 
a traveling horticultural library of the Massachusetts Horti- 
cultural Society, in a large, slow, automobile truck containing 
a really large, live, working and consulting library of horti- 
cultural, garden and reference books, going from one town 
to another of this state where such libraries do not and cannot 
exist, stopping here and there for a few days to give people 
an opportunity to consult the library. 

Albert C. Burbage, President. 



Report of the Secretary 

The great Spring Exhibition in March was the outstanding 
feature of this Society's centennial year. The success of this 
exhibition far exceeded the expectations of the most sanguine 
member, with a total attendance of 117,000, which was larger 
than that recorded at any previous show in this country. The 
profits were large enough so that the Trustees were able to 
establish a $30,000 fund to insure against loss at any future 
shows at which an admission fee is charged. The Autumn Show 
was less successful in point of receipts, there being a small 
deficit, which was made up from the regular income of the 
Society. 

One hundred special Centennial Medals were struck from a 
die modelled by John Paramino of Boston. Fifty-six were 
awarded at the exhibitions and 38 outside the exhibitions. The 
outside awards covered a wide scope and were calculated to 
show the broad interest of the Society in all phases of horti- 
culture as well as in all parts of the state. 

Mr. Albert C. Burr age entered upon his ninth term as 
President at the beginning of the year and presided at every 
meeting of the Trustees except two, when he was in California. 
At the February meeting, at which Mr. Burrage was absent, 



INAUGURAL MEETING 97 

Mr. E. H. Wilson moved that the first Centennial Gold Medal 
be awarded to the President, and it was so voted, the medal 
being given to Mr. Burrage at a dinner held at the Algonquin 
Club on the evening of March 19. 

At the June meeting it was voted to present an amendment 
to the Society for action at the annual meeting. The purpose 
of this amendment was to consolidate the special medal com- 
mittees, so that one committee shall recommend the award of 
the George Robert White Medal, the Thomas Roland Medal 
and the Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal. This amendment 
was passed at the annual meeting in November. Committees 
were also appointed to consider the future policy of the 
exhibitions and the matter of awards to gardeners. These 
committees, however, have not yet made their reports. 

Mrs. Homer Gage, Chairman of the Garden Committee, re- 
ported in September that her committee recommended the 
following awards: — 

A gold medal to Mrs. Oustavus D. Parker, for her estate 

at Wianno. 
A silver medal to Mr. and Mrs. Harry T. Hay ward, for 

their estate at Franklin. 
A silver medal to Mrs. L. Carteret Fenno, for her wild 

garden at Rowley. 
A bronze medal to Mr. and Mrs. Henry B. Pennell, Cohas- 

set, for a small Italian garden. 
Garden certificates to Mr. Paul Frost of Cambridge, and 

to Mrs. Frederick Hussey of Salem. 

At this meeting Mr. N. T. Kidder reported that Mr. Albert 
Emerson Benson had completed the History of the Society. 
The printing of the History was finished in December and 
distribution was begun at once. A total of 2500 copies were 
printed. This History is a handsome book of over 500 pages, 
well illustrated, and covers the activities of the Society for its 
first 100 years, besides giving much general information of 
interest to horticulturists. 

At the September meeting, the Jackson Dawson Medal was 
awarded to Charles Sander, superintendent of the estate of 
the late Charles S. Sargent, for his work in hybridizing woody 
plants. 

The December meeting was given over largely to a report 
of the Executive Committee, which recommended the award 



98 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

of many special medals. The George Robert White Medal of 
Honor Committee also reported at this meeting, recommend- 
ing that this medal be awarded to Miss Gertrude Jekyll of 
England, and the report was adopted. At this meeting it was 
also voted to award the Thomas Roland Medal to Mr. Frank 
R. Pier son of Tarry town, N. Y. 

Mr. Albert C. Burrage, Mr. E. H. Wilson and Mr. Fred A. 
Wilson were appointed a committee to draw up resolutions 
on the death of Mr. Thomas Roland. 

Mr. Roland's untimely passing was perhaps the saddest 
event of the year. He had been a Trustee for 21 years and 
exceedingly active in the Society's work. Probably the success 
of the great Centennial Spring Exhibition was due in a larger 
measure to him than to any other one man. Special mention 
should also be made of the death of Mr. T. D. Hatfield, who 
was long connected with this Society and was for many years a 
judge at its exhibitions. The necrology list for the year comes 
almost with a shock, indicating that many of the older mem- 
bers are rapidly passing. The number of deaths of life 
members was 23 and of annual members 40, a total of 63. 

Interest in the work of the Society has continued unabated 
as is evidenced by the fact that 1244 new members were 
admitted. Of this number 29 were life members. This is the 
largest increase in the history of the Society, but it is mainly 
among annual members. It is only fair to say that a study of 
the History shows that in the olden days as many as 300 life 
members were added in a single year. The Society needs a 
greater number of life members than its present total of 829. 
The total membership in good standing on January 1, 1930, 
was 5,652 with a total of 407 members whose dues had not been 
paid. Under the By-laws these persons will be considered 
members for another year, making a grand total of 6,059. 

Rentals in 1929 fell off because of the fact that the main 
exhibition hall was used for a period of three months to store 
trees furnished by the nurserymen for the Centennial Exhibi- 
tion. Of course it was impossible to rent the hall during that 
period. For the rest of the year the rentals were reasonably 
good, bringing in a total of $6,079.28. 

At the inaugural meeting, a gift of $1250 from the Presi- 
dent, Mr. Albert C. Burrage, for the purpose of establishing 



INAUGURAL MEETING 99 

a porch competition was announced. It was stipulated that 
the porch should be built during the year and should overlook 
a garden. Late in 1929 the award, in the form of a medal, was 
made to Mr. Ben Perley Poore Moseley of Ipswich, for a very 
attractive porch overlooking both a rose garden and the 
ocean, and surmounted by a miniature beacon light in order 
that the garden might be enjoyed at night. 

The following organizations held their meetings as usual in 
Horticultural Hall: — 

Federation of Garden Clubs of Massachusetts. 

New England Wild Flower Preservation Society. 

Benevolent Fruit and Flower Mission. 

Boston Chapter of the National Association of Gardeners. 

Gardeners' and Florists' Club of Boston. 

New England Greenkeepers' Association. 

Boston Micological Club. 

New England Dahlia Society. 

New England Gladiolus Society. 

On May 4 the Field and Forest Club observed their 25th 
anniversary by holding a dinner at the hall, and at their 
request the Library was kept open during the evening. Various 
garden clubs met there, and early in the year the Federated 
Garden Clubs of Massachusetts conducted a series of lectures, 
which were well-attended, in the lower lecture room. 

Throughout the year the Society's outside associations, 
with its kindred organizations in New York, Pennsylvania, 
Worcester and other places, have been friendly and helpful. 
There has been an exchange of medals with the New York and 
Pennsylvania Societies, and this Society has noted with regret 
the death of Mr. James Boyd, President of the Pennsylvania 
Society. Among the medals awarded at the close of the year 
were Centennial Gold Medals to Mr. T. A. Havemeyer and to 
Mr. Frederick Newbold, President and Secretary of the New 
York Society, and to Mr. John C. Wister, Secretary of the 
Pennsylvania Society. 

The Secretary desires to express his appreciation of the 
helpful co-operation which has been given him by the Trustees 
and the members of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society 
throughout the year. 

E. I. Farrington, Secretary. 



100 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Announcement of Gifts 

"When the treasurer, Mr. John S. Ames, was called upon, 
he said: Before submitting my report as treasurer it gives 
me great pleasure to announce that Mr. Burrage, in addition 
to his other generous gifts and his unexcelled orchid exhibits 
in recent years, has given this Society another proof of his 
deep interest in its future welfare, as shown in the following 
letter : 

Dear Mr. Ames — I hereby give $50,000 to the Massachusetts 
Horticultural Society, in trust, to invest the same in sound conserva- 
tive bonds and to use each year the income of $30,000 exclusively for 
the purchase, for the Library of the Society, of books and pamphlets 
relating directly or indirectly to horticulture, and to use the income 
of the remainder exclusively for the purchase of a gold vase to be 
awarded by the Trustees of the Society at a meeting in December 
of each year to the most outstanding exhibit in any of the shows of 
the Massachusetts Horticultural Society held during that year. 

Sincerely, 

Albert C. Burrage. 

Mr. Ames then read the following letter from Mr. William 
N. Craig: 

Dear Sir — I have for some time desired to do something through 
the Massachusetts Horticultural Society towards creating an in- 
creased interest in the genus Lilium, certain varieties of which are 
much cultivated in greenhouses while a much greater number are 
good hardy garden plants. In order to accomplish this, a special 
fund, the interest from which could be used for premiums, lectures, 
or for recognizing in some suitable way the work of hybridists, 
collectors, and also good culture in garden or greenhouse might be 
of some benefit. The awards might be in the form of cash, medals, or 
in whatever form the most good would be accomplished. I am very 
glad to contribute for such a fund the sum of $2,500 which I trust 
the trustees may see fit to accept. 

Very truly, 

William N. Craig. 

The announcement of these gifts was warmly applauded 
and on motion of Mrs. S. V. R. Crosby a rising vote of thanks 
was given to Mr. Burrage and Mr. Craig. 



INAUGURAL MEETING 101 

Report of the Treasurer 

BALANCE SHEET AS AT DECEMBER 31, 1929 

Assets 

Cash: 

Savings Bank Deposits $ 1,110.91 

Treasurer 54,813.11 

Bursar : In Banks 2,357.30 

On Hand 10.00 

$ 58,291.32 

Investments — Schedule No. 1 . 510,258.42 

Real Estate 498,564.63 

New Buildings , 1,456.79 

Furniture and Exhibition Ware 7,982.61 

Library 46,580.47 

Improvements and Additions to Building 12,797.04 

Massachusetts Horticultural Society History 2,527.83 

$1,138,459.11 

Liabilities 

Sundry Funds — Schedule No. 2: 

Principal $424,897.03 

Unexpended Income 10,151.06 

$435,048.09 

Life Membership Fees 16,544.00 

Mt. Auburn Cemetery Fund 37,297.44 

Capital 564,524.70 

Income Account — Balance January 1, 1929 $13,126.68 

Profit 38,268.30 

$51,394.98 
Transferred to Funds Account 30,000.00 

21,394.98 

Profit and Loss (Capital) : 

Balance — January 1, 1929 $63,284.90 

Gain on Sale of Investments 365.00 

63,649.90 

$1,138,459.11 



102 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

PROFIT AND LOSS STATEMENT FOR YEAR ENDING 
DECEMBER 31, 1029 

Income 

Income from Investments and Bank Interest (less proportion 

allocated to funds) $26,804.90 

Sale of Lots— Mt. Auburn Cemetery 3,823.63 

Centennial Exhibition— Spring, Schedule 9 $43>449.46 

Centennial Exhibition — Autumn, Schedule 9 . . . . 1,441.51* 

42,007.95 

Donations 231.00 

Library Catalogs 10.00 

Membership Fees 9,766.00 

Rentals 6,079.28 

Undelivered Prize Money 40.75 

Incidentals 164.56 



Total Income $88,928.07 

Expenses 
Operating Expenses: 

Building Expense— Schedule 3 .$13,724.08 

Library Appropriation — Schedule 4 1,891.48 

Library Expense — Schedule 5 4,329.76 

Office Expense— Schedule 6 18,478.60 

Show Expense 1,635.89 

— $40,059.81 

Awards and Lectures : 

Prizes in Excess of Funds $4,352.75 

Prizes and Other Expenditures Paid from 

Funds^Schedule 7 2,664.35 

Medals and Certificates 2,511.70 

Judges' Fees 410.00 

Lectures 249.70 

10,188.50 

Total Expenditures $50,248.31 

$38,679.76 
Loss on Horticulture — Schedule 8 411.46* 

Actual Profit for Year $38,268.30 

Transferred to Principal for Show Fund 30 000.00 

Balance Transferred to Income Account $ 8,268.30 

*Loss. 



INAUGUKAL MEETING 103 

INVESTMENTS 

Bonds 

$ 5,000 American European Securities 5 1958 $ 5,000.00 

10,000 American Tel. & Tel. Conv 4y 2 1933 8,396.00 

4,000 American Tel. & Tel. Conv 4 1936 4,000.00 

5,000 American Tel. & Tel. Conv 5 1946 4,973.75 

20,000 Atlantic Refining Co 5 1937 19,940.00 

8,000 Boston & Maine R. R. Reg'd 4y 2 1944 8,000.00 

50,000 Chicago, Burlington & Quincy R. R 3y 2 1949 50,000.00 

3,000 Chicago June. Rep. & Union Stock Yards 5 1940 2,824.50 

15,000 Columbus Electric & Power 5 1954 14,700.00 

10,000 Columbus Electric & Power 4y 2 1933 9,600.00 

6,000 Commonwealth Edison Co 4y 2 1956 5,745.00 

11,000 Consolidated Electric Co. G.S.F 5 1955 10,010.00 

15,000 Fisk Rubber Co 5y 2 1931 14,737.50 

15,000 Georgia Power Co 5 1967 14,550.00 

15,000 Indianapolis Gas Co 5 1952 14,775.00 

4,000 Interborough Rapid Transit Co 5 1966 3,920.00 

20,000 Louisiana Power & Light Co. 1st 5 1957 19,200.00 

10,000 Louisville & Nashville R. R 5 1931 9,920.00 

5,000 N. E. Tel. & Tel. Co 5 1952 4,982.50 

10,000 New Jersey Power & Light Co 5 1956 9,950.00 

25,000 New South Wales, State of 5 1957 24,062.50 

10,000 New York Central R. R. Co 5 2013 9,950.00 

3,000 New York, Chicago, St. Louis R. R 6 1932 3,000.00 

12,000 New York Power & Light 1st 4y 2 1967 11,490.00 

3,000 Philadelphia Suburban Water Co 5 1955 2,955.00 

11,300 Pere Marquette R. R. Co 5 1956 9,933.75 

10,000 Public Utilities Corp 5y 2 1947 9,925.00 

10,000 Puget Sound Power & Light Co 5y 2 1949 10,150.00 

12,000 Pacific Tel. & Tel. Co 5 1937 11,670.00 

15,000 Railway & Light Securities 5 1951 14,587.50 

25,000 Shawinigan Water & Power Co 4V 2 1968 24,625.00 

7,000 Shell Pipe Line Corp 5 1952 6,860.00 

10,000 Southern California Tel. Co 5 1947 9,550.00 

13,000 Southern Public Utilities Co 5 1943 11,862.50 

5,000 Utah Power & Light Co 5 1944 4,900.00 

5,000 Western Electric Co 5 1944 4,825.00 

5,000 Western Union Tel. Co 5 1938 4,982.50 

15,000 Yadkin River Power Co 5 1941 15,077.50 

Total Bonds $425,630.50 



104 massachusetts horticultural society 

Stocks 
655 176 / 2 oo shares Electric Bond & Share Co.^j 

2,726 shares General Electric Co. Special \~ $38,147.92 

548 shares General Electric Co. Common J 

500 shares Consolidated Gas Co. of New York Preferred . 46,480.00 



Total Stocks $ 84,627.92 

Total Bonds 425,630.50 



Total Stocks and Bonds $510,258.42 

SUNDRY FUNDS 

Unexpended 

Principal Income Total 

Anonymous Fund $ 1,000.00 $ 1,000.00 

Unrestricted Funds 15,000.00 15,000.00 

Samuel Appleton Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 

Josiah Bradlee Fund 1,000.00 $ 50.00 1,050.00 

Albert Cameron Burrage— Library . . . 30,000.00 30,000.00 

Albert Cameron Burrage— Show 20,000.00 20,000.00 

Albert Cameron Burrage 1,200.00 1,200.00 

Albert Cameron Burrage— 1929 1,250.00 25.00* 1,225.00 

John C. Chaffin Fund 1,000.00 20.89 1,020.89 

Benjamin B. Davis Fund ." 500.00 59.00 559.00 

Jackson Dawson Memorial Fund 3,227.00 364.03 3,591.03 

Arthur F. Estabrook Legacy 47,500.00 47,500.00 

Ida F. Estabrook Legacy 11,078.76 11,078.76 

John S. Farlow Fund 2,500.00 1.27 2,501.27 

John S. Farlow — Newton Horticultural 

Society 2,900.42 336.00 3,236.42 

Benjamin V. French Fund No. 1 500.00 45.00 545.00 

No. 2 3,000.00 23.00 3,023.00 

John AUen French Fund 5,000.00 45.61 5,045.61 

John D. Williams French Fund 11,681.88 138.73 11,820.61 

Henry A. Gane Memorial Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 

Francis Brown Hayes Bequest 189,904,54 189,904.54 

Francis Brown Hayes Fund 10,000.00 4,800.00 14,800.00 

H. H. Hunnewell Fund No. 1 500.00 130.50 630.50 

No. 2 2,000.00 400.00 2,400.00 

No. 3 1,500.00 171.50 1,671.50 

John A. Lowell Fund 1,000.00 45.00 1,045.00 

Theodore Lyman Fund No. 1 1,000.00 16.00 1,016.00 

No. 2 10,000.00 386.50 10,386.50 

Benjamin H. Pierce Fund 800.00 348.00 1,148.00 

*Loss. 



INAUGURAL MEETING 105 

Thomas Roland 3,000.00 604.22 3,604.22 

John Lewis Russell Fund 1,000.00 295.00 1,295.00 

Show Fund 30,000.00 800.00 30,800.00 

William J. Walker Fund 2,354.43 43.92 2,398.35 

Levi Whitcomb Fund 500.00 1.00* 499.00 

George Robert White Medal of Honor 

Fund 10,000.00 1,035.89 11,035.89 

Marshall P. Wilder Fund 1,000.00 17.00 1,017.00 

$424,897.03 $10,151.06 $435,048.09 

Building Expense 

Insurance $1,674.24 

Heating 1,294.32 

Labor 7,808.50 

Incidentals 168.63 

Lighting 1,338.46 

Repairs 797.55 

Supplies 592.43 

Telephone 49.95 

Total $13,724.08 

Library Appropriations 

Repairs $806.02 

Supplies 142.92 

Printing 87.00 

Books and Periodicals 784.23 

Incidentals 71.31 

Total $1,891.48 

Library Expense 

Insurance $ 2.00 

Supplies 134.26 

Printing 55.00 

Stationery and Postage 73.25 

Salaries 4,062.00 

Incidentals 3.25 

Total $4,329.76 

Office Expense 

Insurance $ 72.50 

Bond Expense 90.00 

*Loss. 



106 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Supplies 831.43 

Telephone 358.63 

Printing 1,904.17 

Stationery and Postage 1,525.75 

Salaries 12,272.96 

Incidentals 1,423.16 



Total $18,478.60 

Prizes and Other Expenditures Paid from Funds 

Samuel Appleton Fund $ 75.00 

Josiah Bradlee Fund 10.00 

Albert C. Burrage Fund 1929 75.00 

John C. Chaffin Fund 31.00 

Benjamin B. Davis Fund 6.00 

Jackson Dawson Memorial Fund 138.60 

John S. Farlow Fund 113.37 

John S. Farlow N. H. S. Fund 69.00 

Benjamin V. French Fund No. 1 13.00 

No. 2 142.00 

John Allen French Fund 150.00 

John D. Williams French Fund 449.07 

Henry A. Gane Memorial Fund 80.00 

H. H. Hunnewell Fund No. 2 75.00 

No. 3 100.00 

John A. Lowell Fund 31.00 

Theodore Lyman Fund No. 1 49.00 

No. 2 482.50 

Thomas Roland 69.56 

William J. Walker Fund 118.00 

Levi Whitcomb Fund 34.00 

George Robert White Medal of Honor Fund 302.25 

Marshall P. Wilder Fund 51.00 

Total $2,664.35 

CENTENNIAL EXHIBITION ANALYSIS 
Autumn 

Cash Receipts $4,636.55 

Deduct Expenses : 

Printing . . $ 346.50 

Postage 120.00 

Supplies 61.08 

Insurance 20.00 



INAUGURAL MEETING 107 

Advertising 1,581.80 

Labor 450.75 

Incidentals 12.93 

Cash Prizes 2,208.00 

Medals 1,277.00 

6,078.06 



Loss on Autumn Show $1,441.51* 

Transferred to Income $1,441.51* 

Spring 

Cash Receipts $84,415.93 

Deduct Expenses: 

Printing $ 3,275.33 

Cash Prizes 3,819.50 

Medals 2,637.00 

Awards to Gardeners 965.00 

Advertising 4,446.72 

Incidentals 21,276.93 

Labor and Salaries 2,855.54 

Stationery and Postage 121.83 

Supplies 1,514.19 

Telephone and Telegraph 54.43 

40,966.47 

Profit on Spring Show $43,449.46 

Transferred to Principal— Centennial Show Fund $30,000.00 

Transferred to Income 13,449.46 



$43,449.46 

HORTICULTURE 

Income 

Advertising $38,579.31 

Subscriptions 14,576.48 

Books 300.32 

Miscellaneous 462.37 

Total Income $53,918.48 

Expense 

Printing $20,931.98 

Paper 13,188.53 

Postage 3,861.15 

Cuts 1,337.41 



108 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Contributions 1,114.15 

Books 178.01 

Commissions and Discounts 8,034.45 

Miscellaneous 1,660.29 



50,305.97 



$3,612.51 
Subscriptions Returned to Massachusetts Horticultural Society 4,023.97 



Excess of Expenditures over Income $411.46* 

Two new funds were established during the year 1929, as 

follows : 

A fund of $30,000, known as the Show Fund, was created 

from the profits resulting from the Centennial Exhibition. 

The income from this fund is to be used for show purposes. 

The principal of the fund may be used to offset any deficit 

resulting from a paid show. In such a case the fund will 

remain idle until the interest on such fund has built it up to 

$30,000 again. 

A fund of $1250 has been received from Mr. Albert C. 

Burrage, the income from which is to be used for medals for 

porches overlooking gardens. 

John S. Ames, Treasurer. 



Report of the Committee on Lectures and Publications 

With the Centennial Spring Show held in Mechanics Build- 
ing, and the crowded condition of the halls of the Horticul- 
tural Society at the Fall Show, it was thought necessary to 
curtail the number of lectures. As a result of this policy three 
only were given during the year 1929 : — 

The Span of One Hundred Years, by E. I. Farrington, 

February 25. 
Reginald Farrer as a Plant Hunter, by E. H. M. Cox, 

October 23. 
The Iris, by Mrs. Ethel A. S. Peckham, June 15. 

At the Peony Show, June 22 and 23, a motion-picture exhi- 
bition of wild flower pictures was on display. The attendance 
at the lectures was smaller than in former years, but it would 

''Loss. 



INAUGURAL MEETING 109 

be unwise to attach any significance to this. The total cost 
was $249.70. 

In February the sixth Year Book of the Society was issued. 
In this appears the usual details concerning the principal 
activities of the Society for the year. 

It is pleasing to report that our magazine, Horticulture 
Illustrated, has had another very successful year. On January 
1, 1928, the paid circulation was 16,000, while the total number 
of copies printed was 18,500. Today it has a paid subscription 
of 18,629 and 20,000 numbers are printed. The volume of 
advertising carried during 1929 amounted to $38,579.31, being 
an increase of $9,170.57. The total receipts for the year 
amounted to $55,724.9 and the expenses were $50,305.97, leav- 
ing a balance on hand of $5,418.72. Your Committee on 
Lectures and Publications has been able to hand over to the 
general fund of the Society the sum of $4,023.97, being the 
equivalent of 75 cents for each member of the Society, leaving 
Horticulture with a balance on January 1, 1929, of $1,394.75. 

Horticulture Illustrated is accepted as the leading amateur 
garden paper in this country, and the frequent letters of 
appreciation from all parts of the continent show how well 
it is doing its part. More practical proof of its value lies in 
the increased advertising ; nurserymen especially find its pages 
a valuable medium for the sale of their goods. Members of the 
Massachusetts Horticultural Society may well take pride in 
the success and all-round educational value of the magazine. 
The form of cover used for Horticulture has served its purpose 
quite well, and it is now proposed to use a little color and to 
keep the front page free of advertisements. Step by step we 
hope to get the magazine dressed in a jacket worthy of the 
paper and of the three societies whose special organ it is. 

Thanks to the ability and sagacity of our Editor-Secretary, 
Mr. E. I. Farrington, the work of the Committee on Lectures 
and Publications is a simple and pleasant one, and the con- 
tinued success of Horticulture, this Committee is able to 
report, is the direct result of his energy and loyal work. 

E. H. Wilson, Chairman. 



110 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Report of the Committee on Prizes 

The centennial year 1929 was fittingly enough a very busy 
one, and one worthy of the Society. Never before had so many 
valuable prizes, both in and without the schedule, been 
awarded by the Society, nor had such magnificent exhibits 
been presented to the Boston public. During the year seven 
exhibitions were held, the Centennial Spring Exhibition in 
Mechanics Building, and the other six in the Society's halls. 
In its schedule for the centennial year the Society offered a 
premium list of $16,630 in cash prizes. In addition a special 
Centennial Medal was struck in gold, silver and bronze. The 
Society offered a $1,000 gold cup at the Spring Exhibition and 
a $500 gold cup at the Autumn Exhibition. The President 
donated a gold cup to the Spring Exhibition and offered a 
$100 silver cup at each of the other shows. Prizes in the form 
of cups and plate to the value of $4,235 were donated by 
friends of the Society, and 12 medals were offered by other 
organizations. It will be seen, therefore, that the awards made 
available were in keeping with the importance of the year. 
The total monetary awards disbursed, including gratuities 
of $1,740.50, amounted to $10,578.50, leaving a balance of 
$6,057.50 in the account. 

The Society's $1,000 gold cup was awarded to Mr. and Mrs. 
Albert C. Burrage for their Tropical Garden at the Centen- 
nial Spring Show. The $500 gold cup was also awarded to 
them at the Fall Show for the Group of Stove and Greenhouse 
Flowering and Foliage Plants. Four President's $100 silver 
cups were awarded as follows : — 

Peony Show, Mrs. Moses Taylor, display of Roses, June 22. 

Gladiolus Show, Mrs. Bayard Thayer, display of Cam- 
panula pyramidalis, Lilies and other plants, August 24. 

Dahlia Show, Mrs. Moses Taylor, collection of vegetables', 
September 16. 

Autumn Show, Mrs. Galen L. Stone, Winter-flowering 
Begonias, October 29. 

Outside the schedule, with the approval of the Prize Com- 
mittee, eight Centennial gold medals, four large gold medals, 
three Exhibition gold medals, 17 Centennial silver medals, 43 
Society's silver medals, 15 Centennial bronze medals, and 17 



INAUGURAL MEETING 111 

ordinary bronze medals were awarded, besides the 12 medals 
offered by other societies. At the Spring Exhibition 28 silver 
cups and plates were awarded and three at the Fall Exhibi- 
tion, making a total of 31. To new and meritorious exhibits five 
first class certificates, 17 awards of merit, four votes of com- 
mendation, and two cultural certificates were awarded. The 
names of the recipients of these various honors will be printed 
in detail in the Year Booh and it is therefore unnecessary to 
enumerate them in this report. 

The occasion, and the increase in the number and value of 
prizes, brought out a greater number of exhibits than ever be- 
fore. The Centennial Spring Exhibition, in magnitude, variety 
and quality will go down in history as one of the greatest 
events ever consummated in the horticultural world. Both in 
attendance and in receipts it surpassed the record of any 
horticultural exhibition ever held in this country. Amazing as 
it may sound, the attendance exceeded that of any Boston 
Automobile Show held in the same building. The exhibition 
was more than a mere display of horticultural products ; it was 
a vast and lovely picture. Where everything was fine it would 
be invidious to make selections, and the awards tell their own 
story. At each of the shows held in the halls of the Society the 
exhibits were above the average and this was especially true 
of the Autumn Show. Vegetables were well exhibited and were 
of a higher quality than in previous years. The fruit exhibits, 
however, left much to be desired, although the apples shown 
at the Fall Show by Parker Brothers, and the grapes by Dr. 
Walter G-. Kendall, were of the finest quality. 

At the Centennial Spring Show special Judges were ap- 
pointed for the different groups of exhibits. At the Autumn 
Show there were special Judges for the nurserymen's classes. 
At all the shows there has been virtually no dissatisfaction 
with the decisions made, and this, in itself, is a compliment to 
the fairness and ability of the Judges. The Society's Judges 
of flowers, fruits and vegetables have handled the increased 
volume of work during the year most efficiently, and the 
Committee on Prizes is again happy to record its appreciation 
of their unfailing patience and justice. 

E. H. Wilson, Chairman. 



112 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Report of the Library Committee 

By gift, purchase, and binding, the Library added 282 
volumes during 1929, making an estimated total of 25,500 
bound books and magazines. Most of the books were selected 
for their practical usefulness, but a few especially fine and 
rare old books, not often on the market, were fortunately 
available this year. The choicest of these were Bonpland's 
Description des Plantes Bares Cultivees a Malmaison et a 
Navarre, Duchesne's Histoire Naturelle des Fraisiers and the 
fifth volume of the supplement to Sowerby's English Botany. 
Since we have owned the other 39 volumes of the last work 
since 1870, we were especially glad to complete the set. The 
Society has also been enrolled as a subscriber to a most 
important and ambitious project undertaken by the Royal 
Horticultural Society of London — Index Londinensis to Illus- 
trations of Flowering Plants, Ferns and Fern Allies. This is 
without doubt the most important botanical and horticultural 
reference work of recent years, for when completed it will 
enable us to locate pictures and descriptions of any one of 
several hundred thousand garden plants. 

The number of books borrowed for use at home was 2783, 
as against 2958 during the preceding year. This falling off 
seems to have been the one unfortunate result of taking the 
Spring Flower Show out of the building, for January and 
February made the usual gain, while March fell off abruptly. 
The situation was only temporary, and the last ^.Ye months 
have been normally busy again. The loan of books is, however, 
only a part of the Library's activity, for in many cases the 
books can be supplied only after considerable time and study 
have been given to the problems the books are to solve. The 
Library was used regularly, not only by residents of Massa- 
chusetts, but by members in Georgia, Mississippi, Missouri, 
South Dakota, Iowa, Ohio, New York and New Hampshire. 
The number of readers grows each year, but not as fast as it 
should if all members made use of their opportunities. 

The expert repairing of our rare books, begun in 1928, has 
been continued. An unexpected discovery was made in the 
course of the work on Brunfels' Herb arum Vivae Eicones. 
The volume has stood on our shelves for years covered in 



INAUGURAL MEETING 113 

paper. Unusual panelled depressions in the boards roused the 
binder's curiosity, and led to the discovery of very old (prob- 
ably the original) leather sides. The book itself, published 
just 400 years ago, is one of our finest examples of 16th cen- 
tury plant books, and the early binding adds to both the 
interest and the financial value of our copy. 

An additional book truck and book stand have improved 
the working equipment of the Library; new linoleum com- 
position tops have been provided for the tables and catalogue 
cases; and 12 more Windsor chairs have given additional 
seating capacity. 

A few special events are worthy of mention. On January 18 
the Library entertained the Newton Centre (Mass.) Garden 
Club at its regular meeting with an informal talk and exhibit 
of rare books. We hope that other clubs will follow the exam- 
ple of the Newton Centre group. A book meeting could not 
be held in a more appropriate place. The contribution of the 
Library to our centennial celebration took the form of an 
elaborate exhibit of books, medals and documents relating to 
the history of the Society and of horticulture in America. One 
case contained the original Library of the Society. We still 
own almost all the 192 volumes listed in our first catalogue 
(1831), and they are all in good physical condition. It is 
interesting to find that several of today's choicest possessions 
were bought in the opening years as the best then to be 
obtained. In November we sent the Librarian, Miss Dorothy 
St. J. Manks, to Washington, to study the methods followed 
in the Library of the United States Department of Agricul- 
ture. As a result, plans are being made to widen the scope of 
the Library's work. 

Nathaniel T. Kidder, Chairman. 



Committee on the Products of Children's Gardens 

The exhibition of the products of children's gardens was 
held on September 7 and 8, 1929. There were 39 classes, with 
from four to fourteen prizes offered in each class, all of which 
were filled. Prizes were awarded to 18 schools and 159 chil- 
dren, and amounted to $445.25. Schools and gardens which 
were represented at this show included Brockton, Boston, 



114 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Cambridge, Cohasset, Dedham, Dorchester, East Boston, 
Jamaica Plain, Roslindale and Roxbury. Six of the prize 
winners were from Bristol County which is an indication 
that interest in these exhibits is spreading throughout the 
state. Help in staging the show was given by Mr. O'Brien of 
the Boston School Department, by Mr. Dooley and Mr. 
Wendler of Jamaica Plain High School and by Mr. Murphy 
of the Cambridge Children's Gardens. 

During the coming year it is proposed to try an experiment 
which will be somewhat of an innovation ; that is, to hold the 
children's exhibition in the middle of the week instead of 
over the week end. It is thought that this may prove more 
satisfactory to teachers and pupils alike. 

Marian Roby Case, Chairman. 



Membership in the Massachusetts 
Horticultural Society 

The constitution of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society 
fixes the annual dues at $2.00. For many years it has been 
customary to charge an admission fee of $10.00, but by vote 
of the Trustees this requirement has been set aside for the 
present. Until the end of this year the only charge to new 
members will be $2.00, although this sum does not cover the 
cost to the Society of the publications which they will receive. 

Life membership is obtained by paying the sum of $50.00, 
no further charge ever being required. Annual members who 
have paid the entrance fee of $10.00 in past years may become 
life members by paying $40.00 additional. 

All members receive an identification card, which should 
be presented when books are borrowed from the Library. 

Any man or woman in any part of the country who is 
properly endorsed may make application for membership. 
New members are needed in order to increase the influence of 
the Society, and to broaden the scope of its work. 

Application blanks may be obtained by writing to 

The Secretary, 

Horticultural Hall, 

Boston, Mass. 

Note — The Secretary is glad to have present members send 
in the names of friends who might like to become enrolled. 



115 



Necrology 



The following is a list of the members of the Massachusetts 
Horticultural Society whose deaths were reported during the 
year 1929 : 



Oliver Ames 
Eugene H. Angert 
Francis R. Appleton 
Albert S. Apsey 
Mrs. Deems Beebe 
Mrs. Samuel C. Bennett 
Albert S. Bigelow 
Edmund Billings 
Clovis H. Bowen 
Joseph Francis Breck 
Edward M. Brewer 
Miss Annie H. Brown 
Mrs. George L. Brownell 
Robert M. Burnett 
W. E. Cahill 
Ernest W. Campbell 
Miss Annie Carney 
Fred M. Carr 
Miss Annie C. Child 
Mrs. William H. Claflin 
Harry Cole 
Edward Jones Cox 
J. Allen Crosby 
Frederick S. Davis 
Miss Ethel G. Day 
Philip Dexter 
Michael Duffy 
John Fottler, Jr. 
Mrs. Anna E. Goldie 
George Gough 
T. D. Hatfield 



Daniel Hay 
Miss S. L. Hayes 
Mrs. Frederick Holbrook 
Mrs. Walter Jackson 
Miss J. E. Johnson 
George B. Leighton 
Mrs. Frank R. Maxwell 
Mrs. Robert E. McKinney 
J. T. Melius 
J. Morris Meredith 
F. H. Merrick 
Charles A. Morss 
Miss Eleanor T. Ober 
Miss Fanny C. Osgood 
Clifton H. Paige 

William Patterson 
Mrs. J. G. Perrin 
James Sturgis Pray 
Mrs. Edward Randall 
William E. C. Rich 
Mrs. Edgar S. Rideout 
Thomas Roland 
Dr. Frederick C. Shattuck 
Charles W. Sibley 
Mrs. Huntington Smith 
Walter B. Snow 
Miss M. Louise Stockwell 
Martin Sullivan 
Henry F. Tapley 
W. B. Thomas * 
Charles A. Ufford 
C Sidney Waldo 



Corresponding Member 

James Boyd 

116 



Massachusetts Horticultural Society 

HONORARY MEMBERS 



1900 Dr. Henry S. Pritchett, New York. 

CORRESPONDING MEMBERS 



1925 D. M. Andrews, Boulder, Colorado. 

1925 Rudolph D. Anstead, Director of the Agricultural College, 
Madras, India. 

1921 J. F. Bailey, Director of the Botanic Gardens, Adelaide, Soul 1 1 

Australia. 
1889 Dr. L. H. Bailey, Ithaca, N. Y. 

1925 F. R. S. Balfour, Dawyck, Stobo, Peebleshire, Scotland. 
1911 W. J. Bean, 2, Mortlake Road, Kew, England. 
1918 Desire Bois, Paris, France. 

1925 I. H. Burkill, F. L. S., care the Royal Gardens, Kew. 
1925 G. H. Cave, Ashton-under-Hill, England. 

1922 Joseph Edgar Chamberlin, Boston, Mass. 
1918 Leon Chenault, Orleans, France. 

1921 Fred J. Chittenden, Director of the Royal Horticultural 
Society Gardens, Wisley, Ripley, Surrey, England. 

1925 Woon Young Chun, Botanical Dept., Southeastern University, 
Nanking, China. 

1921 Allister Clark, Glenara, Bulla, Victoria, Australia. 

1921 Dr. Leonard Cockayne, Ngaio, Wellington, New Zealand. 

1925 Henri Correvon, Geneva, Switzerland. 

1925 G. W. Darnell-Smith, Director of the Sydney Botanic Gar- 
dens, Sydney, New South Wales. 

1925 Henry F. du Pont, Winterthur, Delaware. 

1925 Pierre S. du Pont, Wilmington, Delaware. 

1925 Charles C. Eley, M.A., F.L.S., Suffolk, England. 

1925 I. B. Pole Evans, C.M.G., Chief of Division and Director Bo- 
tanical Survey, Pretoria, South Africa. 

1925 G. Eraser, Ucluelet, Vancouver Island, British Columbia. 
1925 W. G. Freeman, B.S.C., F.L.S., Director of the Botanic Gar- 
den, Trinidad. 

1900 Beverly T. Galloway, Department of Agriculture, Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

117 



118 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

1918 Professor N. E. Hansen, Brookings, South Dakota. 
1925 Miss M. C. Hastie, Magnolia Gardens, S. C. 
1911 Professor U. P. Hedrick, Geneva, N. Y. 
1907 Dr. Augustine Henry, Dublin, Ireland. 
1925 Joseph Hers, Tung Chang Hutung, Peking, China. 
1925 William Hertrick, San Gabriel, California. 
1925 Hermann A. Hesse, Weener, Germany. 
1925 M. Robert Hickel, Versailles, France. 

1925 Arthur W. Hill, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London, Eng- 
land. 
1925 E. G. Hill, Richmond, Ind. 
1925 E. Hillier, Winchester, England. 

1897 J. W. Hoffman, Orangeburg, S. C. 
1925 R. E. Horsey, Rochester, N. Y. 

1925 Professor H. H. Hu, National Southeastern University, Nan- 
king, China. 

1925 Mrs. C. L. Hutchinson, Lake Geneva, Wisconsin. 

1925 Hon. William M. Jardine, Washington, D. C. 

1925 Charles W. Knight, Oakdale, N. Y. 

1921 C. E. Lane-Poole, Canberra, Australia. 

1925 C. C. Laney, Rochester, N. Y. 

1875 G. F. B. Leighton, Norfolk, Virginia. 

1911 M. Emile Lemoine, Nancy, France. 

1925 Gerald W. E. Loder, M.A., F.L.S., Sussex, England. 

1925 Donald MacGregor, care Royal Gardens, Kew. 

1925 Dr. Rudolph Marloth, Capetown, South Africa. 

1925 Sir John S. Maxwell, Pollokshaws, Scotland. 

1925 The Rt. Hon. Sir Herbert E. Maxwell, Bart, F.R.S., D.C.L., 
Wigtownshire, North Britain. 

1875 F. C. Maxwell, Geneva, N. Y. 

1925 John McLaren, San Francisco, California. 

1918 J. Horace McFarland, Harrisburg, Pa. 

1925 Mrs. William Mercer, Doylestown, Pa. 

1911 Wilhelm Miller, University of Illinois, Urbana, 111. 

1925 Rev. E. M. Mills, D.D., Laguna Beach, California. 

1925 Dr. Kingo Miyabe, Director of the Botanic Garden, Sapporo, 
Japan. 

1898 Sir Frederick W. Moore, Glasnevin, Dublin, Ireland. 



MEMBERS OP THE MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 119 

1918 Dr. George T. Moore, Botanical Gardens, St. Louis, Mo. 
1925 F. Cleveland Morgan, Montreal, Canada. 

1887 Sir Daniel Morris, K.C.M.G., 14 Crabton Close, Boscombe, 

Hants, England. 
1925 Mr. Joy Morton, Chicago, Illinois. 

1919 M. Seraphin Joseph Mottet, Verrieres-le-Buisson (Seine-et- 

Oise), France. 
1925 F. R. Newbold, New York, N. Y. 
1925 M. L. Parde, Nbgent-sur-Vernisson (Loiret), France. 
1906 Lt.-Col. Sir David Prain, Warlingham, Surrey, England. 
1925 Miss Isabel Preston, Ottawa, Canada. 
1925 Johannes Rapn, Skovfrokontoret, Copenhagen, Denmark. 
1894 Cavaliere Enrico Raguso, Palermo, Sicily. 
1925 Dr. Robert Ridgway, Olney, Illinois. 
1906 Dr. Henry L. Ridley, care Royal Gardens, Kew. 

1898 Benjamin Lincoln Robinson, Ph.D., Curator of the Gray 

Herbarium of Harvard University, Cambridge. 

1875 William Robinson, East Grinstead, Sussex, England. 

1921 L. Rod way, C.M.G., Government Botanist and Secretary, Bo- 
tanic Gardens, Hobart, Tasmania. 

1899 William Salway, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

1925 Camillo Schneider, Charlottenburg, Germany. 

1925 F. L. Skinner, Dropmore, Manitoba. 

1925 Professor William Wright Smith, Royal Botanic Gardens, 
Edinburgh, Scotland. 

1925 Dr. H. Spaeth, Berlin-Baumschulenweg, Germany. 

1925 Dr. Otto Stapp, London, England. 

1921 David Tannock, Superintendent, Botanic Gardens, Dunedin, 
New Zealand. 

1893 Professor William Trelease, Urbana, 111. 

1921 M. Jacques de Vilmorin, Paris, France. 

1912 Professor Hugo de Vries, University of Amsterdam, Amster- 
dam, Holland. 

1918 F. Gomer Waterer, Bagshot, Surrey, England. 

1925 Cyril T. White, Government Botanist, Brisbane, Queensland, 
Australia. 

1919 J. C. Williams, Gorran, Cornwall, England. 

1906 Miss Ellen Willmott, Great Warley, Essex, England. 
1911 E. H. Wilson, Jamaica Plain, Mass. 
1921 Gurney Wilson, Richmond, Surrey, England. 
1925 John C. Wister, Germantown, Pa. 

1901 Professor L. Wittmack, Secretary of the Horticultural So- 
ciety, Berlin. 
1925 Major A. C. T. Woodward, Bewdley, Worcestershire, England. 



NEW MEMBERS IN 1929 



Abbott, Mrs. George N., Newtonville. 

Adams, Mr. Frank W., Boston. 

A.hl, Mr. Henry Hammond, Newbury- 
port. 

Ainsley, Mr. Gordon, Campbell, Calif. 

Ainslie, Mr. H. E., Marion. 

Allain, Miss A. H., Wakefield, La. 

Allen, Mr. Glover M., Cambridge. 

Allen, Mrs. Glover M., Cambridge. 

Allen, Mr. Mark E., Wilton, Me. 

Allen, Mr. Morril B., East Braintree. 

Allen, Mr. Raymond D., Amherst. 

* Allen, Mrs. Thomas., Boston. 

Anderson, Mr. Amil., Newton. 

Anderson, Miss Dorothy M., Cam- 
bridge. 

Anderson, Mr. James Williams, Wel- 
lesley Hills. 

Anderson, Mrs. Marie, Cresbard, So. 
Dakota. 

Anderson, Miss Olga S., Canton. 

Andrews, Miss Florence I., South 
Boston. 

Andrews, Mr. John E., Watertown. 

Ansell, Mr. Phillip W., Melrose. 

Anthony, Miss Marian E., Grove Hall. 

Armstrong, Miss Anne L., West Rox- 
bury. 

Armstrong, Miss Florence E., Dorches- 
ter. 

Ashley, Mrs. Thomas, Boston. 

Ashton, Mrs. Harry H., Arlington. 

Atwater, Mrs. L. W., Boston. 

Atwood, Miss Margaret A., Quincy. 

Avis, Mr. Henry Wheaton, Cambridge. 

Badger, Mr. John W., Brookline. 

Bailey, Mrs. Lillian P., Woburn. 

Bailey, Mr. McP., Moscow, Idaho. 

Baine, Mrs. Millicent M., Waltham. 

Baker, Mr. George Bramwell, Chest- 
nut Hill. 

Baldwin, Miss Amelia, Boston. 

Baldwin, Mrs. Ella L., Stoneham. 

Baldwin, Mrs. Henry S., Swampscott. 

Ball, Mrs. F. E., Greenfield. 

Ballard, Mr. Edward B., Lexington. 

Bamford, Miss Ethel I., East Lynn. 

Bancroft, Mrs. Bertha S., Reading. 

Banister, Mrs. Edwin H., Northampton. 

*Barbour, Mr. Thomas, Cambridge. 

Barlow, Miss Elva M.. Brookline. 

Barnes, Mrs. Blanche H., Waltham. 

Barnes, Miss 0. M., Maiden. 

Barnes, Mrs. Walter E., Wellesley 
Hills. 

Barnett, Mrs. John, Regina, Saskatche- 
wan. 

Barrows, Mr. Walter A., Wellesley. 

Barry, Mrs. Rachael, Ayer. 

Barry, Mr. Thomas J., Brockton. 



Bartlett, Mrs. Martha M., Quincy. 

Bartlett, Mr. Walter C, Milton. 

Bassett, Mrs. J. Gardner, Bridgewater. 

Bates, Mr. A. O., North Grafton. 

Baylies, Mrs. Clifford, New Bedford. 

Beach, Mr. William E., Hyde Park. 

Beal, Mr. William DeFord, Boston. 

Beale, Mrs. W. E., Brockton. 

Beals, Mr. Sidney L., West Newton. 

Bean, Mrs. Henry S., Lincoln. 

Bean, Mr. Ralph C, Wakefield. 

Beardsell, Mrs. George R., Lynn. 

Beckett, Mr. W. Laurence, Marble- 
head. 

Beebe, Miss Sylenda, Melrose. 

Belcher, Miss Ruth N., Montello. 

Belcher, Mrs. Sarah P., Plymouth. 

Belknap, Mrs. Robert E., Boston. 

Bell, Mr. Edward L., Wellesley Hills. 

Bell, Mr. Edwin D., Hingham. 

Benedict, Mr. L. P., Boston. 

Bennett, Miss Alma S., Fall River. 

Benson, Mrs. Gertrude A., Dorchester. 

Bent, Mr. Harold E., Abington. 

Berggren, Mr. Carl H., Cambridge. 

Bibby, Mr. Francis M., Medfield. 

Bill, Miss Caroline E., Cambridge. 

Billings, Mi~ss Clara E., Cambridge. 

Billings, Mr. Frank E., Shrewsbury. 

Billings, Mr. Harry A., Hopedale. 

Bingham, Mr. John H., Andover. 

Birely, Mr. William L., Brookline. 

Bishop, Mr. Axel A., Sharon. 

Bjornson, Mrs. T. O., Newtonville. 

Blackman, Mr. William, Cohasset. 

Blair, Miss Edith A., Stockbridge. 

Blanchard, Mrs. H. Lawton, Brockton. 

Bliss, Miss Lucy B., Taunton. 

Blodgett, Mrs. Mary D., Roxbury. 

Boardman, Mr. Alonzo P., Augusta, 
Georgia. 

Bolles, Mr. Charlton B., Brockton. 

Bolles, Mrs. Chester A., Ipswich. 

Bolster, Judge Wilfred, Brookline. 

Boothby, Mrs. William G., Augusta, 
Maine. 

Borden, Mrs. Spencer. Fall River. 

Bosson. Mrs. Campbell, Belmont. 

Bourget, Mrs. Charles. Brockton. 

Boutelle. Miss Muriel E., Leominster. 

Bouton, Mrs. Luella S., Baltimore, Md. 

Bowden, Mrs. Herbert L., Marblehead 
Neck. 

Bowditch, Mrs. Frederick C, Brook- 
line. 

Bovnton, Miss Adelaide, Melrose High- 
lands. 

Brace. Mrs. Llo^d D., Boston. 

Brackett, Mrs. Charles A., Sudbury. 

Bradford, Mrs. Bertha L., Winchester. 



*Life Members. 



120 



NEW MEMBERS IN 1929 



121 



Bradford, Mrs. G. W., Plymouth. 

Bradley, Miss Alice, Hyde Park. 

Bradley, Mrs. Oharles F., Boston. 

*Bradshaw, Mr. J. M., Brookline. 

Braman, Miss L. K., Bridgewater. 

Bramhall, Miss Mina 0., Chelsea. 

Breagy, Mr. John J., Dover. 

Breed, Mrs. F. T., Lynn. 

Breed, Mr. Ralph 0., Clinton. 

Brennan, Mr. W. H., Jamaica Plain. 

Briggs, Mr. Charles V., Lincoln. 

Briggs, Mrs. Henry P., Wellesley Hills. 

Briggs, Dr. J. Emmons, Boston. 

Briggs, Mrs. Susan L., Lincoln. 

*Bristol, Mr. Bennet B., Foxboro. 

Brittain, Mr. B. L., Newton Center. 

Brockway, Mr. E. K., Wellesley Hills. 

Brodbeck, Dr. Frances W., Manchester. 

Brooks, Mrs. Arthur B., Concord. 

Brophy, Miss Nora A., West Roxbury. 

Brown, Mrs. Charles A., Lowell. 

Brown, Mrs. Charles B., Brookline. 

Brown, Mrs. Jean R., Watertown. 

Brown, Mrs. Horatio J., Brookline. 

Brown, Mrs. L. Cora, Concord. 

Brown, Mr. Louis A., Wellesley. 

Brown, Miss Maud E., South Byfield. 

Brown, Mr. Oliver F., New Bedford. 

Brown, Mr. Russell L., Lowell. 

Brown, Mr. William, Ayer. 

Brown, Mrs. William H., Boston. 

Brownell, Mr. Walter L., Providence, 
R. I. 

Bryant, Mrs. Joseph S., Boston. 

Bryant, Mrs. William E., Brockton. 

Bunker, Mr. Darius W., Quincy. 

Burke, Mrs. B. Milo, Brockton. 

Burleigh, Mrs. Harry W., Franklin, 
N. H. 

Burnett, Mrs. F. H., Brockton. 

Burnham, Mrs. Chester C, Arlington. 

Burnham, Mrs. F. L., Lowell. 

Burnham, Mrs. Mary E., Chelsea. 

Burroughs, Mr. Robert, Newport, R. I. 

Burtt, Mrs. F. H., Wellesley Hills. 

Butler, Miss Clementine, West Barring- 
ton. 

Butler, Mr. Harold B., Brockton. 

Butterfield, Miss L. Ardena, Beverly. 

Campbell, Mr. Arthur D., Boston. 

Campbell, Mr. Warren D., Weston. 

Capen, Miss Mattie B., Stoughton. 

Capers, Mr. Arthur F., Wellesley. 

Carman, Mrs. J. L., Tacoma, Wash. 

Carman, Mrs. Travers D., Newton. 

Carney, Mrs. Martin J., Boston. 

Carr, Miss Helen F., Hillsboro, N. H. 

Carroll, Mrs. Charles, Salem. 

Carroll, Mrs. Thomas, Bridgewater. 

Carter, Mrs. Lewis Edward, Wakefield. 

Carter, Mrs. S. T., Plainfield, N. J. 



Carter, Mr. William B., Tewksbury. 
Gary, Mr. W. E., West Newton. 
Case, Mrs. Whitney G. f Buffalo, N. Y. 
Cassano, Mr. Joseph, Wakefield. 
Chamberlain, Miss Grace F., Cam- 
bridge. 

Chamberlin, Mr. J. E., Boston. 

Ohapin, Mrs. Caroline W., Reading. 

Ohapln, Miss Florence M., Belmont. 

Chapin, Miss M. H., Brookline. 

Chapman, Mr. H. R., Allendale, N. J. 

Charlton, Miss Dorothy, Brookline. 

Chase, Mrs. Albert H., Norwich, Conn. 

Chase, Mr. C. Thurston, Great Barring- 
ton. 

Chase, Mrs. Peter B., Providence, R. I. 

Child, Miss Helen G., Augusta, Maine. 

Ohilson, Mr. Lester S., Dedham. 

Ohoate, Miss Emma, Sharon. 

Chrimes, Mrs. L. A., Brookline. 

Church, Miss Helen M., Boston. 

Churchill, Mr. Percival M., Elmwood. 

Claflin, Mrs. Walter A., Watertown. 

Clancy, Mrs. Carl B., Dedham. 

Olapp, Mrs. Elmer E., Brookline. 

Clapp, Mrs. Frank W., Weymouth. 

Olarenbach, Mr. Walter R., Needham. 

Clark, Mrs. Albert B., Lee. 

Clark, Rev. Davis W., Annisquam. 

Clark, Mr. Raymond S., Mattapan. 

Clark, Mrs. Robert M., Natick. 

Clarke, Mrs. May L., Milton. 

Cobb, Mrs. Virginia R., Newton. 

Coburn, Mrs. Frederick W., Lowell. 

Codman, Mrs. E. A., Boston. 

Oolburn, Miss Ruth, Hyde Park. 

Cole, Mrs. Edward B., South Hamilton. 

Coles, Mr. Frederick, South Natick. 

Collins, Miss Elizabeth, Melrose. 

Colman, Miss Laura, Milton. 

Oonboy, Mr. Frank, Boston. 

Connors, Mr. John W., East Dedham. 

Converse, Mrs. Atherton D., Winchen- 
don. 

Conwell, Mrs. L. M., Somerville. 

Cony, Mr. J. S., Medford. 

Cook, Mrs. Charles D., Providence, 
R. I. 

Cook, Mrs. Elizabeth E., Foxboro. 

Cook, Mr. John A., Gloucester. 

Cook, Mr. Joseph E., North Abington. 

Cook, Mrs. William G., Wollaston. 

Cooley, Miss Emily H., Cambridge. 

Coolidge, Mr. Joseph A., Cambridge. 

Coolidge, Miss N. Eveline, Framing- 
ham. 

*Coolidge, Mrs. W. H., Jr., Manchester. 

Cooper, Mrs. Burton H., Newton Cen- 
ter. 

Cooper, Mr. W. Rudolph, Wellesley. 



*Life Members. 



122 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



Copeland, Mrs. Charles, Newton Cen- 
ter. 

Copeland, Miss Edith, Bridgewater. 

Corliss, Mr. Mora A., Needham. 

Cornell, Mr. Worthington, Maiden. 

Costello, Miss Annabel, Lowell. 

Coughlin, Miss Margaret, "West Con- 
cord. 

Cousins, Mrs. James L., Jamaica Plain. 

Cox, Mrs. Alfred, Bridgewater. 

Cox, Miss Eleanor L., Newtonville. 

Cox, Mrs. Herbert B., Winchester. 

Cox, Mrs. Joseph, Mattapan. 

Crafts, Mrs. George B., Cohasset. 

Cragen, Miss Agnes V., Salem. 

Crane, Mrs. Francis V., Needham. 

Crane, Mr. Herbert, Kenton, Ohio. 

Crocker, Mr. Ernest C, Belmont. 

Crombie, Miss Helen, Cambridge. 

Crone, Mr. Louis L., Lexington. 

Crosby, Mrs. William O., Jamaica 
Plain. 

Cross, Mrs. Louise K., Winchendon. 

Crouse, Mrs. Ellie S., Ontario, Canada. 

Crowninshield, Mrs. B. B.,. Marble- 
head. 

Crysler, Mrs. E. N., Boston. 

Cudworth, Mrs. C. Henry, Brookline. 

Cudworth, Miss M. H., Quincy. 

Cummins, Mrs. A. Gordon, Barneveld, 
N. Y. 

*Curtis, Mrs. Allen, Beverly Farms. 

Curtis, Miss Mary, Hamilton. 

Curtis, Miss Mary, Hingham. 

Cushman, Mr. Roy M., Melrose. 

Cutcliffe, Mrs. Edna A., Braintree. 

Cutler, Miss Marian, Brookline. 

Cutting, Mrs. Florence S., Wellesley 
Hills. 

Daigneau, Mrs. G. L., Salem. 

Dailey, Mr. Francis K., Medford. 

Daland, Mrs. John, Salem. 

Dalrymple, Mrs. George E., Haverhill. 

Damon, Mrs. Herbert, Maiden. 

Danforth, Mr. Ralph E., Chesterfield. 

Darling, Miss Winifred, North Rayn- 
ham. 

Darrow, Mrs. William G., Sharon. 

David, Mrs. James B., Boston. 

Davis, Mrs. Albion R., Wellesley. 

Davis, Mr. Arnold M., Amherst. 

Davis, Mrs. Arthur C, Gloucester. 

Davis, Mr. Ben Arthur, Meridian, Mis- 
sissippi. 

Davis, Mrs. C. R., Roslindale. 

Davis, Mr. Frank E , Gloucester. 

Davis, Mrs. Gorham Hi, Hanover. 

Davis, Mr. Harold I., Pembroke, N. H. 

Davis, Mrs. Lawrence, Walpole. 

Day, Mrs. Wallace W., Exeter. N. H. 



Dean, Mrs. Ernest, Annisquam. 

Dean, Mr. Lucian W., Amherst. 

Dean, Miss Mary S., Brockton. 

Debaillon Mrs. Dan, Lafayette, La. 

Deckard, Mrs. Walter M., Boston. 

Decrow, Miss Marion L., Dorchester. 

Delabarre, Mr. Frank A., Greenbush. 

Dellow, Miss Grace P., Lynn. 

Dennett, Dr. Daniel C, Winchester. 

Derby, Mrs. J. C, Concord, N. H. 

DeVeber, Miss Beatrice, Waltham. 

Dewhurst, Mr. William, Methuen. 

*Dexter, Miss Mary L., Brookline. 

Dickinson, Mrs. F. F., Brockton. 

Dietz, Mrs. W. H., Newton Center. 

Dingwell, Mr. Lester R., West Roxbury. 

Dixon, Mr. Harry L., Arlington. 

Doane, Mr. George, North Brookfield. 

Dodge, Mrs. Douglas, Farmington, 
Conn. 

Donaldson, Mr. Robert D., Lincoln. 

Donovan, Mr. Alfred, Jr., Boston. 

Donovan, Mrs. Alfred, Jr., Boston. 

Dorn, Miss Lillian, Wollaston. 

Dort, Mr. Charles, Rockport. 

Dove, Mrs. Emmet, Rockville, Mary- 
land. 

Dow, Mrs. Alice G., Topsfleld. 

Dowbridge, Mrs. A. A., Bellows Falls, 
Vermont. 

Dragon, Mrs. Ernest F., Marshfield. 

Drake, Mr. Clifford S., North Cam- 
bridge. 

Drake, Mrs. Ruth M. J., North Hamp- 
ton, N. H. 

Dresser, Mrs. Merton G., Bradford. 

Drew, Miss Emily F., Kingston. 

Drew, Mrs. Fred, Brockton. 

Drury, Miss Alberta F., Reading. 

Drury, Mrs. S. S., Concord, N. H. 

Duffill, Mrs. John H., Melrose. 

Dugan, Miss Edith A., Canton. 

Duncan, Mrs. William S., Athol. 

Dunham, Mrs. Horace C, Wellesley. 

Dupee, Mr. Allan L., Roslindale. 

Durant, Mrs C. E., Haverhill. 

Durgin, Mrs. Edward C, Marshfield 
Hills. 

Durham, Miss Elizabeth P., Boston. 

Dustin, Miss Lillian F., Cambridge. 

Duthie-Strachan, Mr. George, Chestnut 
Hill. 

Duvall, Mr. Harold W., Watertown. 

Dvlinsky, Mrs. Matilda, Brockton. 

Eager, Mrs. Laura, Auburn. 

Eager, Mr. Ralph H., Milton. 

Eames, Mrs. T. H., West Somerville. 

Earnshaw, Mrs. Charles, Weston. 

Eaton, Miss Blanche. Winchester. 

Eaton, Mrs. Joseph P., Sharon. 



*Life Members. 



NEW MEMBERS IN 1929 



123 



Eaton, Miss Luella, Needham Heights. 

Eckhardt, Mrs. Charles H., Islington. 

Edmands, Mrs. Frank, Newton Center. 

Edmands, Mrs. John S., Somerville. 

Eichelberger, Mr. Jay L., Boston. 

Elder, Miss Mary, West Newton. 

Eldridge, Miss Nina, Harding. 

Eldridge, Mr. Robert P., Beverly. 

Eliot, Miss Mary, Newtonville. 

Ellis, Mr. P. M., Griffin, Georgia. 

Ellis, Miss Lillian E., Newton Center. 

Elson, Mr. Arthur, Boston. 

Elson, Mrs. Bertha L., Boston. 

Endicott, Miss Helen E., Canton. 

Erickson, Mr. Charles F., Reading. 

Esson, Mrs. James E., West Newton. 

Estabrook, Mrs. Herbert W., Worces- 
ter. 

Estabrook, Mr. R. B., Cambridge. 

Evans, Mrs. E. W., Oil City, Pa. 

Evans, Miss Edith, Brookline. 

Evans, Mrs. Fred B., Salem. 

Eyplenburg, Mrs. A., East Lynn. 

Fairbanks, Mrs. Arthur W., West Rox- 
bury. 

Fairbanks, Miss Julia M., Milton. 

*Farlow, Mr. John W., Boston. 

Farnham, Mrs. Wallace S., South Wind- 
sor, Conn. 

Farnsworth, Mrs. Walter A., Harvard. 

Farr, Mr. Raymond, Boston. 

Farrell, Mr. Anthony P., Jamaica Plain. 

Farrier, Mr. Herbert, Auburndale. 

*Farrington, Mrs. Robert D., Newton. 

Farrington, Mrs. W. R., Middleboro. 

Faull, Mrs. Annie B. S., Cambridge. 

Faull, Mr. Joseph H., Cambridge. 

Faust, Miss Verna, Mercersburg, Pa. 

Fawcett, Mrs. Robert J., Lexington. 

Feauvalle, Miss Marjorie M., Brook- 
line. 

Fellows, Mrs. Alice D., Marblehead. 

Fessenden, Miss Anna, Newtonville. 

Field, Mrs. S. Olin, Norwich, N. Y. 

Firth, Miss Hazel A., Boston. 

Fisher, Miss Caroline W., Newton. 

Fisher, Miss H. Elizabeth, Norwood. 

Fisher, Mrs. Howard H, Roslindale. 

Fisher, Mrs. W. N., Gloucester. 

Fishstein, Mrs. W., Jamaica Plain 

Fiske, Miss W. A. A., Portland, Me. 

Fitts, Mrs. R. W., West Medford. 

Fitts, Mr. Wallace J., Beverly. 

Fitzpatrick, Mr. William J., Chestnut 
Hill. 

Flagg, Mrs. Alice K., West Roxbury. 

Fletcher, Mrs. Edith M., Salem. 

Fletcher, Mr. Willis H., Wollaston. 

Flint, Mrs. Perley G., Brockton. 

Flood, Mrs. Mary, Woburn. 



Foley, Miss Anna J., Medford Hillside. 

Folger, Mrs. Florence, Swampscott. 

Forbes, Mrs. Francis W., East Milton. 

Forte, Mrs. Marie W., Wellesley. 

Foster, Mrs. Frederick P., Boston. 

Foster, Mrs. S. H., Belmont. 

Fournier, Mr. Joseph, Woburn. 

Fowle, Miss Mary E., Reading. 

Fowler, Mr. Bertram B., Medfield. 

Fowler, Mr. George G., Franklin, N. H. 

Fowler, Mrs. Loring, Concord. 

Franke, Mr. William A., Needham. 

Freeman, Mr. Carlyle P., Reading. 

Freeman, Mr. Forrest E., West Newton. 

Freeman, Mrs. Lewis, Bridgewater. 

French, Mrs. H. D., Amherst. 

Frost, Miss Mildred N., Newton Center. 

Frost, Mrs. William, Melrose. 

Frothingham, Mrs. Ashton, North Wey- 
mouth. 

Fuller, Mrs. Lawrence, Lynn. 

Fullerton, Mrs. E. D., Dedham. 

Fullerton, Mr. W. E., Whitman. 

Fullerton, Mrs. Walter W., Brockton. 

Fullick, Mr. G. W., Cochituate. 

Furber, Miss Jane M., Cambridge. 

Gage, Mrs. Edna E. ( Haverhill. 

Gallup, Mrs. Dana, Cambridge. 

*Gamage, Miss Gladys B., Quincy. 

Gardner, Mrs. Frederick M., Southern 
Pines, N. 0. 

Garfield, Mrs. Merton L., Cambridge. 

Garland, Miss Caroline H., Dover, N. H. 

Garland, Mrs. George F., Tewksbury. 

Garland, Mrs. Paul, Wellesley Hills. 

Garvey, Mr. Thomas F., Jr., Lowell. 

Gassett, Mrs. Frederick, Bridgewater. 

Gavin, Mr. John H., Manchester. 

Gebert, Mr. James L., New Iberia, La. 

Gersdorff, Mrs. Charles E. F., Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Geyer, Miss Pauline, Brockton. 

Gifford, Mrs. Charles T., South West- 
port. 

Gifford, Mr. Josiah H., Salem. 

Gifford, Miss Winifred B., Dorchester. 

Gilbert, Mrs. James P., Still River. 

Gile, Miss Eleanor E., West Newton. 

Givler, Mrs. Robert C, Medford. 

Glidden, Mrs. Waldo F., Lexington. 

Glidden, Mrs. William T., West New- 
ton. 

Glynn, Mr. C. E., Lexington. 

Goddard, Mrs. Charles S., Newtonville. 

Goddard, Miss Martha R., Auburndale. 

Goldie, Mrs. George G., Newton Center. 

Goldsmith, Miss Gertrude B., Manches- 
ter. 

Goldthwaite, Miss Elizabeth H., Hing- 
ham. 



Life Members. 



124 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



Goldthwaite, Mrs. William J., Marble- 
head. 

Goodell, Mr. Everett, Westboro. 

Goodwin, Mr. Clinton F., Haverhill. 

Goodwin, Mrs. Elliot H., Cambridge. 

Goodwin, Mr. Fred W., Arlington. 

Goodwin, Mrs. Robert, Concord. 

Gorham, Mrs. Thomas, Waban. 

Gould, Miss Vera F., Swampscott. 

Gowell, Mrs. F. W., Dorchester Heights. 

Grant, Mrs. Frank, Westfield. 

Grant, Mrs. Frederick T., Maiden. 

Graves, Mrs. Edward, Brookline. 

Graves, Dr. Robert J., Concord, N. H. 

Gray, Miss B. Mildred, Medford. 

Gray, Mr. Dudley P., Chelsea. 

Gray, Miss Helen G., Brighton. 

Greene, Miss E. W., Lynnfield Center. 

Greene, Mrs. George M., Belmont. 

Greener, Mr. George C, Boston. 

Greenslet, Mrs. Ferris, Boston. 

Gregg, Mrs. Leon W., Westbrook, Conn. 

Gregory, Mr. Edward S., Winthrop. 

Griffin, Mrs. J. Hollis, Gloucester. 

Griffin, Mr. Kenward, Rockport. 

Griffin, Mr. Walter A., Sharon. 

Grimwood, Mrs. Helen, Providence, 
R. I. 

Grinnell, Mrs. Henry F., Fall River. 

Groghan, Mrs. John T., Waban. 

Groom, Mrs. Samuel B., Beach Bluff. 

Guidrey, Miss Frances N., Watertown. 

Guild, Mrs. Charles E., Readville. 

Guilford, Mrs. Frank C, Lynn. 

Guinan, Mr. T. J., Arlington. 

Gurney, Mrs. Merton S., Brockton. 

Guyol, Miss Louise H., Boston. 

Guyot, Mr. Alfred, Wayland. 

Haddrell, Mrs. Charles H., Swamp- 
scott. 

Hahn, Mr. John, Allston. 

Hahn, Mrs. John, Allston. 

Haight, Miss L. B., Pelham Manor, 
N. Y. 

Hall, Miss Alice A., Dedham. 

Hall, Miss Fannie, Grafton, Vt. 

Hallett, Mrs. W. L., Brockton. 

Hallstream, Mrs. Henning, Braintree. 

Hamilton, Mr. Burton C, Brookline. 

Hamilton, Mr. William, Clinton. 

Hammond, Mrs. Bessie K., Melrose. 

Hammond, Mr. Charles, Melrose. 

Hammond, Judge Henry C, Augusta, 
Ga. 

Hanlon, Mr. Ambrose A., Cliftondale. 

Hanson, Mrs. Conrad R., Gloucester. 

Hanson, Miss Grace L., Haverhill. 

Harden, Mr. John B., Newton Center. 

Harding, Miss Elizabeth, Cambridge. 

Harding, Mrs. Helen B., Arlington. 

Hardwick, Mrs. Alice R., Annisquam. 

Harkness, Mrs. G. E., Dorchester. 



Harlow, Mrs. A. S., Newton Center. 

Harper, Mrs. Frank W., Wakefield. 

Harper, Mrs. R. M., Milton. 

Harring, Mr. Carl, Newton Center. 

Harrington, Mr. C. F., Watertown. 

Harris, Mrs. Alfred S., Salem. 

Harris, Miss Elsie M., Medford. 

Harrison, Mrs. Charles L., Newton. 

Harrison, Mr. Harry, Worcester. 

Hart, Mrs. George A., Essex. 

Hartshorn, Mrs. F. A., Walpole. 

Hartwell, Mr. George A., Maiden. 

Harvey, Mr. Charles J., Boylston. 

Harwood, Miss Mary E., Wellesley. 

Hastings, Miss Claire, Swampscott. 

Hastings, Mr. Leslie, Boston. 

Hatch, Mrs. Blanche A., Brookline. 

Hatch, Mrs. Eugenie, East Sandwich. 

Hatch, Mrs. R. A., Brookline. 

Hatch, Mr. Ralph E., West Newton. 

Hathorne, Mr. J. E., South Orleans. 

Hawkins, Mrs. V. M., Plymouth. 

Hayward, Mrs. Carle R., Quincy. 

Hay ward, Mrs. Harrison W., Newton 
Center. 

Haywood, Mrs. Edith, Lynn. 

Hazard, Mrs. Willis H., Jamaica Plain. 

Headley, Mrs. P. 0., Jr., Fairhaven. 

Hedden, Miss Evangeline N., Worces- 
ter. 

Heeney, Miss Mercedes E., Brookline. 

Hemenway, Mr. H. E., Holden. 

Henderson, Mr. Lloyd F., Reading. 

Henriksen, Mr. Frank, Dorchester. 

Herman, Mr. Solomon, Dorchester. 

Herrick, Mrs. Leander, Worcester. 

Herrick, Miss Mary E., Beverley. 

Hersey, Mr. G. B., Milton. 

Hersey, Miss Mary L., Boston. 

Hersey, Mrs. Walter H., Haverhill. 

Heywood, Mr. Sidney B., Fall River. 

Heywood, Mrs. Sidney B., Fall River. 

Hicks, Mr. G. Clifford, Melrose. 

Higgins, Mrs. John W., Worcester. 

Hill, Mrs. Frank F., Milton. 

Hill, Mrs. Isaac, Concord, N. H. 

Hill, Mr. John R., Urbana, Ohio. 

Hille, Mr. Charles L., Mansfield. 

Hille, Mrs. Charles L., Mansfield. 

Hinchcliffe, Mrs. F. A., Brookline. 

Hinckley, Miss Beatrice L., West New- 
ton. 

Hinckley, Mrs. Ernest B., Brockton. 

Hindenlang, Mr. Herman, Waban. 

Hinds, Mrs. Harriet Grey, Stoneham. 

Hinds, Mrs. Leslie P., West Medford. 

Hines, Mr. James, Roxbury. 

Hinkley, Mrs. M. J., Brookline. 

Hittinger, Mr. Richard, Belmont. 

Hobson, Mrs. George, Brookline. 
Hodgdon, Miss Natalie, Worcester. 



NEW MEMBERS IN 1929 



125 



Hockridge, Mr. Joseph B., Newton 

Center. 
Hodges, Mrs. Gilbert, Marblehead. 
Hodges, Mr. Wetmore, Beverly Farms. 
Hofmann, Mr. William J., Roslindale. 
Hogle, Miss A. Louise, Somerville. 
Holbrook, Mrs. Henry E., Millis. 
Holbrook, Mrs. John S., Providence, 

R. I. 
Holden, Miss Charlotte, Falmouth. 
*Holliday, Mr. George, Marion. 
Holmberg, Mr. N. Edward, Longmea- 

dow, R. I. 
Holmes, Mr Carl W., Campello. 
Holmes, Miss Clara E., Cambridge. 
*Holmes, Miss Harriet F., Batavia, 111. 
Holmes, Miss Helen W., Plymouth. 
Holmes, Mrs. J. Harry, Milton. 
Holmes, Mrs. Jonathan H., Bronxville, 

N. Y. 
Holstein, Mr. Edward A., New Britain, 

Conn. 
Holton, Mrs. A. H., Boston. 
Holyoke, Mrs. Charles, Medford. 
Hooper, Mrs. A. N., Melrose. 
Hopfmann, Mrs. William, Clinton. 
Hopkins, Mrs. James C, Boston. 
Hopkins, Mr. W. B., Boston. 
Horton, Mr. Aubin J., Cambridge. 
Horton, Mrs. Etta A., New Bedford. 
Horton, Mr. George, Weston. 
Horton, Mrs. George, Weston. 
Horton, Mrs. William A., Canton. 
Hosmer, Mrs. Calvin, Sharon. 
Houghton, Mr. Guy G., Belmont. 
Houghton, Mrs. W. E., Swampscott. 
Hovey, Mrs. E. C, Milton. 
Howard, Mrs. Corydon, Bridgewater. 
Howe, Mrs. Herbert H., Littleton, N. H. 
Howland, Mrs. 0. D., Plymouth. 
Hoyt, Mrs. H. E., Jamaica Plain. 
Hubbard, Mr. Henry V., Milton. 
Hubbard, Mrs. Henry V., Milton. 
Huckins, Mrs. G. F., Sharon. 
Hudson, Mr. E. G., Campello. 
Hudson, Miss Ethel E., Dorchester. 
Hudspeth, Mr. R. N., Concord. 
Hulse, Mr. S. B., Belmont. 
Humphreys, Miss Elizabeth R., Ded- 

ham. 
Humphries, Mr. Anthony, Waltham. 
Hunneman, Mr. Fred B., Lexington. 
Hunnewell, Mr. A. T., Winchester. 
Hunt, Mr. Albert W., East Saugus. 
Hunt, Mrs. Brenelle, Bridgewater. 
Hunt, Mr. Leonard G., Newton Center. 
Hunter, Miss Louise D., Wellesley. 
Huntoon, Mrs. E. J. B., Ponkapoag. 
Huntsman, Mrs. Ray, West Newton. 
Hurd, Mrs. G. N, Milton. 



Hurd, Mrs. Lizzie E., Winter Hill. 

Hutchins, Mrs. Constantine, Chestnut 
Hill. 

Hyde, Mrs. Lavius H., East Braintree. 

Hyde, Mrs. Mark P., Wellesley Farms. 

Iddings, Mrs. Frederick T., Sharon. 

Ide, Mrs. Henry J., Newton Center. 

Ingalls, Mrs. F. D. B., Reading. 

Ingraham, Mrs. Edward, Cambridge. 

Irwin, Mrs. 0. H., Arlington Heights. 

Ives, Mr. Leonard N, Salem. 

Ives, Mr. Richard M., Jamaica Plain. 

Jackson, Mr. Malcolm H., Brookline. 

Jacobs, Mrs. Annie E., Tufts College. 

Jacobs, Mr. Loring H., Wellesley. 

Jacobs, Mr. Stephen B., Newton High- 
lands. 

Jacques, Mrs. Rupert, Swampscott. 

Jameson, Mrs. Robert W., Antrim, 
N. H. 

Jameson, Miss S. A., Melrose. 

Jenkins, Mrs. George O., Bridgewater. 

Jewell, Miss Grace, Medfield. 

Jewell, Mr. Walter H., New Rochelle, 
N. Y. 

Johnson, Mrs. Arthur C, Newton. 

Johnson, Miss Edith, Cambridge. 

Johnson, Mrs. Edward C, Readville. 

Johnson, Mrs. Frederick H., Northboro. 

Johnson, Mrs. Henry R., Salem. 

Johnson, Mrs. O. Sylvester, Mt. Pros- 
pect, 111. 

Jones, Miss Alice G., Billerica. 

Jones, Mrs. Frederick H., Andover. 

Joslin, Dr. P. E., Milford. 

Kaderli, Miss Anni, New York, N. Y. 

Kaiser, Mrs. Frank A., Scranton, Pa. 

Karb, Mr. Russell, Framingham. 

Keander, Mr. Gustave B., Wakefield. 

Keegan, Miss, Lawrence. 

Keith, Mrs. Edward A., Campello. 

Keith, Mrs. Eldon B., Campello. 

Kelleher, Miss Mary E., Brockton. 

Kelley, Mrs. Herbert L., Dorchester 

Kelley, Mrs. Joshua C, Winchester. 

Kellogg, Mr. Alfred, Waverley. 

Kelly, Mrs. Maud W., Lexington. 

Kelly, Mr. Theodore L., South Boston. 

Kendall, Miss Edith, Brookline. 

Kendall, Mrs. Thomas L., Brockton. 

*Kent, Mrs. Edward L., Boston. 

Kessler, Mr. Walter, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Keyes, Mrs. Ralph E., Auburndale. 

Kibrick, Mr. I. S., Brockton. 

Kiernan, Mr. Albert E., Dorchester 

Kilpatrick, Miss Mary H., Lowell. 

Kimball, Mrs. Eleanor E., Worcester. 

Kingsley, Mrs. John J., Jamaica Plain. 

Kirsch, Mr. O. M., Jamaica Plain. 

Kleinschmidt, Mrs. R. V., Arlington. 



*Life Members. 



126 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



Knight, Dr. Marcus W., Milford. 

Knowles, Mr. Howard B., Chevy Chase, 
Md. 

Koch-Petersen, Mr. Sigvard, Nova 
Scotia. 

Kratezer, Mrs. Eugene, Lexington. 

Kydd, Mrs. D. E., Lexington. 

Ladd, Mr. Alexander H., Milton. 

Ladd, Miss Esther E., Melrose. 

Lane, Miss Daisy, Melrose Highlands. 

Lane, Mr. William C, Cambridge. 

Lapthorn, Mr. Robert B., Bridgewater. 

Lathrop, Miss Florence B., Framing- 
ham. 

Lavigne, Mrs. Louis V., Hudson. 

Lawless, Mr. Carl, Mystic, Conn. 

Lawrence, Mrs. Samuel C, Auburndale. 

Lawson, Mr. Fred A., Stoneham. 

Lawton, Mrs. R. M., Plainfield, N. J. 

Leach, Mrs. Ernest, Bridgewater. 

Leach, Mrs. Joseph S., Walpole. 

Leach, Mrs. Osborne, Danvers. 

Leahey, Mrs. George A., Lowell. 

LeBaron, Mrs. E. L., Brockton. 

Lees, Mrs. Thomas, Lowell. 

Lehan, Mr. Albert L., Mansfield. 

Leith, Mrs. Royal W., Dedham. 

Leland, Mr. Joseph D., Hyde Park. 

Leland, Mr. Lester H., Middleboro. 

Leonard, Mr. John E., Wellesley. 

Leonard, Mr. Philip E., Camden, Maine. 

LeRoy, Mr. Joseph P., Jamaica, N. Y. 

LeRoyer, Mrs. Jenny, Boston. 

Leveroue, Miss Cecelia A., Brighton. 

Lewis, Mrs. Alfred C, Taunton. 

Lewis, Mrs. Myron P., Beverly Farms. 

Lewis, Mrs. Paul M., Lexington. 

Liffler, Mrs. Charles, Jr., Cambridge. 

Lilly, Miss Elizabeth F., Worcester. 

Lincoln, Mrs. Edith W., Norwell. 

Linscott, Mrs. James M., Wellesley 
Hills. 

Litch, Mr. Clesson M., Fitchburg. 

Little, Mrs. E., Haverhill. 

Little, Mrs. G. W., West Roxbury. 

Little, Mr. Leslie T., Waltham. 

Livermore, Mr. A. A., Maiden. 

Locke, Miss Marinda, Wellesley. 

Loring, Miss Ruth, Cambridge. 

Lounsbury, Mrs. Frances E., Medford. 

Lounsbury, Miss Mabelle E., Roslin- 
dale. 

Loveland, Miss Alice, Newton. 

Lovell, Mr. Charles J., Pasadena, Calif. 

Lovett, Miss Caroline A., West Newton. 

Loveys, Mrs. A. 0., Arlington. 

Lowd, Mrs. Harry M., Swampscott. 

* Lowell, Mrs. John, Boston. 

Lucier, Mr. Eugene A., Haverhill. 

Lurie, Miss Anne Brookline. 



Lynch, Miss Helena F., South Boston. 

Lynch, Mrs. Marion E., Dorchester. 

Lynn, Mr. Albert H., Jamaica Plain. 

Lyon, Mrs. Waldo V., Winchester. 

MacDowell, Mr. A. E., Newton. 

Maclver, Mrs. John, Maiden. 

Mackintosh, Mr. Richard B., Peabody. 

Mahlmann, Miss Lucy G., Melrose 
Highlands. 

Maiers, Mr. William C, Jr., Jamaica 
Plain. 

March, Mrs. Robert I., Greenfield. 

Marchant, Mrs. Frank L., Danvers. 

Marcy, Mrs. Henry A., Newton. 

Margeson, Mr. Gilbert T., Rockport. 

Marshall, Mrs. L. L., Wellesley. 

Marson, Mrs. Rufus D., West Newton. 

Marstone, Mr. John P., Winchester. 

Martin, Mrs. Frank C, Grafton. 

Mason, Mr. Daniel W., Ayer. 

Mason, Mr. Fred, Portland, Maine. 

Matson, Mr. Isaac F., Westport Harbor. 

Matteson, Mrs. Bertha E., Brockton. 

Matthews, Mr. Daniel, Manchester. 

Matthews, Mr. Lloyd, Jamaica Plain. 

Mauran, Miss Julia L., Hope, R. I. 

Maurice, Mrs. George, Eagle Springs, 
N. C. 

Maxfield, Mrs. George H., State Farm. 

May, Mrs. Gertrude, Maynard. 

Mayer, Mrs. Charles E., Wellesley 
Hills. 

McAllister, Mr. Gregory T., Boston. 

McCabe Mrs. Edward H., Lawrence. 

McCallum, Mrs. Gladys A., East Wey- 
mouth. 

McClearn, Mrs. Emma A., Plymouth. 

McCrea, Miss Lily A., Boston. 

McDonnell, Mr. Thomas J., Long 
Island, N. Y. 

McDougall, Mr. Kenneth, Wellesley 
Hills. 

McGennis, Mrs. F. M., Waltham. 

McGregor, Mr. James, Milton. 

McHardy, Miss Ethel, Quincy. 

Mclntire, Mr. Allyn B., Newton. 

Mclntyre, Dr. F. D., Danvers. 

McKeen, Mrs. S. F., Brookline. 

McLean, Mr. James, West Somerville. 

McMillan, Mrs. A. L., Concord, N. H. 

McMullen, Mr. Walter, Watertown. 

McQuesten, Mrs. Phillip, Nashua, N. H. 

McWain, Mrs. D. Ernest, Wellesley 
Hills. 

Meigs, Mrs. R. J., Lowell. 

Melcher, Mr. Arthur C, Newton Cen- 
ter. 

*Melcher, Mrs. Arthur C, Newton Cen- 
ton Center. 

Mellen, Miss N. Theresa, Deerfield. 



*Life Members. 



NEW MEMBERS IN 1929 



127 



Mellish, Mrs. Murray H., Maiden. 

Melville, Mr. Richard, Beachbluffs. 

Meriam, Mr. Richard S., South Lincoln. 

Mero, Miss Emma, Maiden. 

Merriam, Miss Helen I., Westminster. 

Merrill, Miss Marie, Haverhill. 

Merritt, Miss Blanche L., Lynn. 

Merritt, Miss Ella M., Barrington, R. I. 

Messenger, Miss Mary E., Melrose 
Highlands. 

Messer, Miss A. Louise, Salem. 

Messinger, Mr. C. Raymond, Amster- 
dam, N. Y. 

Metzger, Mr. Albert E., Indianapolis, 
Ind. 

Miesse, Mr. Harry, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Miller, Miss Zoe, Roxbury. 

Mills, Miss Nellie L., West Newton. 

Milne, Mrs. William D., Lexington. 

Milstein, Miss Dora B., Dorchester. 

Miltenberger, Mr. Roy W., Milton. 

Minns, Miss Grace W., Boston. 

Mitchell, Mr. F., Melrose. 

Mitchell, Mr. Robert A., Salem. 

Mitchell, Mrs. Walter J., Manchester. 

Mongan, Mr. Frank T., Scranton, Pa. 

Moody, Mr. Leance B.. Watertown. 

Moore, Mr. Carlos B., Wellesley Hills. 

Moore, Mrs. Carrie E., Cliftondale. 

Moore, Mr. Clyde B., Greensburg, Pa. 

Moore, Mrs. E. A., Milton. 

Moore, Dr. Horace D., Cliftondale. 

Morang, Mr. W. F., Lexington. 

Morgan, Mrs. Fred L., Newton Center. 

Morrill, Mr. Cecil T., West Newbury. 

Morrill, Mrs. Joseph, Dedham. 

Morse, Mrs. C. A., Wollaston 

Morse, Mrs. F. W., Brockton. 

*Morse, Mrs. Louise C, Hyde Park. 

Morse, Miss Rowena H., West Medford. 

*Morss, Mr. John Wells. Boston. 

Motte, Mr. M. Irving, Concord. 

Motte, Mrs. M. I., Concord. 

Moulton, Mrs. Gilman L., Boston. 

Mowatt, Mr. W. C, Wollaston. 

Mulla, Mrs. Maria, Rockland. 

Mullen, Mrs. James E., Brockton. 

Mullin, Mr. Charles W. H., Dorchester. 

Mundy, Mrs. A. J., Millis. 

Munroe, Mr. Wilbur J., Melrose. 

Munson, Mr. W. D., South Britain, 
Conn. 

Murfitt, Mrs. Samuel C, Milton. 

Murphy, Mr. Gerald J., Boston. 

Murray, Mr. Jack O., Needham. 

Musgrave, Mrs. Arthur F., Truro. 

Myrick, Miss Velina F., Sharon. 

Nash, Mrs. Charles, Bridgewater. 

Nass, Mrs. Ina, Somerville. 

Nazro, Mrs. Arthur P., Jamaica Plain. 



Nelson, Mrs. Grace L., Sharon. 

Ness, Mr. John R., Greenwich, Conn. 

Newbegin, Mrs. Robert, Toledo, Ohio. 

Newbold, Mr. T. Jefferson, Boston. 

Newell, Mrs. E. Raymond, Uxbridge. 

Newton, Mrs. J. Edward, Little Comp- 
ton, R. I. 

Nichols, Mrs. Brayton L., Walpole. 

Nichols, Mr. George E., Marblehead. 

Nickerson, Mr. Henry P., Boston. 

Niles, Mrs. H. L., East Lynn. 

Noel, Miss Leah M., Bridgewater. 

Norcross, Mrs. William W., Wellesley 
Hills. 

Normand, Mrs. Annie, Ayer. 

Norris, Mr. Winthrop G., Rockport. 

Northey, Mr. Herbert W., Marblehead. 

Norton, Mrs. Frances T., Boston. 

Novak, Miss Ella E., Cambridge. 

Nugent, Miss Margaret, Roslindale. 

*Nye, Dr. Robert N., Chestnut Hill. 

Nye, Mrs. Walter B., Marblehead. 

O'Brien, Mrs. George H., Norton. 

Oelschig, Mrs. A. C, Savannah, Ga. 

O'Mahoney, Miss Nellie, Lawrence. 

Osgood, Mrs. Everett B., Boston. 

Osgood, Miss Florence, Newburyport. 

Osterhot, Mr. J. Clark, Chelmsford. 

Otis, Mrs. W. C, Woburn. 

Packard, Mr. Clifford A., Rockland. 

Packard, Mrs. Winthrop, Canton. 

Paige, Mrs. Arthur W., Ware. 

Paine, Mrs. Everett, Marblehead. 

Palmer, Mrs. E. W., West Medford. 

Palmer, Mrs. Grant M., Weston. 

Paolucci, Miss Laura L., East Milton. 

Papin, Mr. Edward V., Rye Beach, 
N. H. 

Park, Mrs. E. E., Oklahoma City, Okla. 

Parker, Mr. A. Richman, East Bridge- 
water. 

Parker, Mrs. J. W., Marshfield Hills. 

Parker, Miss Willetta, Switzerland. 

Parsons, Mrs. Frank W., Gloucester. 

Parsons, Mrs George, Newbury. 

Patten, Mrs William E., Mattapan. 

Payne, Mr. Gavin L., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Payson, Mrs. C. Lilian, Haverhill. 

Payson, Mrs. Charles S., North Wey- 
mouth. 

Pearce, Mrs. Alexander, Arlington. 

Pearson, Mr. Walter F., Lynnfield Cen- 
ter. 

Peaslee, Miss E. Isabel, Cambridge. 

Peirce, Mrs. George E., Providence, 
R. I. 

Perkins, Mrs. Harry, Bridgewater. 

Perkins, Mrs. Henry, Bridgewater. 

Perkins, Mrs. Russell B., Wakefield. 

Perley. Mr. Palmer S., Rowley. 



*Life Members 



128 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



Perrin, Mr. J. G., Longmeadow. 

Perry, Miss Ethel M., Dorchester. 

Perry, Mrs. George W., East Wey 
mouth. 

Peters, Mrs. R. Dudley, Milton. 

Pettee, Mrs. Otis F., Newton. 

Pfeffer, Mr. Paul, South Boston. 

Phelps, Mr. Amos A., Rockland. 

*Phillip, Mr. John S., Boston. 

Pierce, Mrs. J. Gill, Hyde Park. 

Pierce, Miss M. Florence, Maiden. 

Pike, Mrs. Charles G., Wellesley Hills. 

Pike, Miss Hazel, Ohelsea. 

Pingree, Mrs. Harriet L., Saugus. 

Piper; Mrs. W. E., South Sudbury. 

Poland, Mrs. Grace L., Maiden. 

Pollard, Mr. Nedd C, Beverly. 

Polley, Mr. Joseph L., Islington. 

Pond, Mrs. Anna C, "West Roxbury. 

Pond, Mrs. Virgil C, Brookline. 

Pool, Mr. Sterling H., Boston. 

Poole, Mrs. Gardner, South Sudbury. 

Poole, Mrs. Ralph D., Brockton. 

Pope, Mr. Samuel D., Wakefield. 

Porter, Mr. Henry M., Quincy. 
Porter, Mrs. Joseph G., Peabody. 
Porter, Mr. Willard B., Salem. 
Potter, Mr. F. 0., Fargo, N. D. 
Potter, Mrs. Murray A., Lancaster. 

*Potter, Mr. Page Field, Providence, 

R. I. 
Powell, Mr. Frank H., Reading. 
Powers, Miss Grace M., Cambridge. 
Pratt, Mrs. Arthur E., Bridgewater. 
Pratt, Mrs. Ernest S., Middleboro. 
Pratt, Mrs. Howard, Bridgewater. 
Pratt, Mrs. Lyman A., Bridgewater. 
Pratt, Mr. Oliver G., Salem. 
Pratt, Mrs. W. B., Hyde Park. 
Pratt, Mrs. W. P., Ashland. 
Pratt, Mrs. Walter P., Salem. 
Prescott, Mr. Edgar B., Laconia, N. H. 
Proctor, Mrs. Charles A., Boston. 
*Proctor, Mrs. Frederick L., Utica, 

N. Y. 
Purdie, Mrs. G. A., Wellesley Hills. 
Purdy, Mr. Wilfred G., Amherst. 
Putnam, Mrs. Augusta N., Lynn. 
Putnam, Mrs. Lewis A., Lowell. 
Quigley, Mrs. William E., South Brain- 
tree. 
Ractliffe, Miss May M., Roslindale. 
Raddin, Mr. J. Arthur, Cliftondale. 
Rae, Mr. George L., Dover. 
*Rae, Mr. William M., Jamaica Plain. 
Randall, Mr. John W., Monmouth, 

Maine 
Randall, Mrs. Louise C, Brockton. 
Ranger, Mr. Lynn M., Lynn. 
Rantoul, Mrs. William G., Salem. 



Raub, Mrs. Edgar L., Needham. 
Raymond, Mr. Byron, Wellesley. 
Raymond, Mrs. Irving E., Stamford, 

Conn. 
Read, Mrs. Charles C, Arlington. 
Redmond, Miss Margaret, Boston. 
Reed, Mrs. Chester A., Boston. 
Reed, Miss Ida B., Marion. 
Reed, Miss Mary E., Cambridge. 
Reilly, Miss Mary L., Brockton. 

Reinhardt, Mr. George F., Waban. 
*Remick, Mrs. F. W., West Newton. 

Renaud, Mr. Hector H., Norfolk. 

Rengerman, Mr. William, Southwick. 

Rice, Mrs. 0. G., Ipswich. 

Rice, Miss Margaret P., Providence, 
R. I. 

Rice, Mr. William C, Boston. 

Richardson, Mrs. Alfred, Ayer. 

Richmond, Mrs. Charles F., Brookline. 

Richmond, Mrs. George, Bridgewater. 

Richmond, Mrs. S., Taunton. 

Ricker, Mrs. A. M., Lowell. 

Riley, Mr. Fred S., Medford. 

Rising, Mrs. Frederick C, Newton 
Center. 

Roach, Mr. Orman P., East Lynn. 

Robbins, Miss Mabel L., Stoneham. 

Roberts, Mrs. E. Marion, West Bridge- 
water. 

Roberts, Mrs. F. A., Belmont. 

Roberts, Mrs. Frank E., Boston. 

Roberts, Dr. L. A., Dorchester. 

Robertson, Mr. W. V. M., Birmingham, 
Ala. 

Robertson, Mrs. William A., Opelousas, 
La. 

Robinson, Mr. E. D., Wallingford, 
Conn. 

Robinson, Mr. Milton, Jamaica Plain. 

Robson, Mr. George R., Tyngsborough . 

Rockwell, Mrs. Charles B., Jr., Bristol, 
R. I. 

Rogers, Mrs. Horatio, Newton Center. 

Rogers, Mr. Joseph W. R., Canton. 

Rogers, Miss Lucy, Boston. 

Rollins, Mrs. Sherwood, Boston. 

Ronald, Mr. A. M., Exeter, N. H. 

Rooney, Mrs. John H., Dedham. 

Rose, Miss Ethel, Newton. 

Rose, Mrs. Robert W., Clifton. 

Rose, Mr. Stephen D., Clifton. 

Ross, Mrs. Lucy M., Marblehead. 

Rowbotham, Mrs. John T., Dorchester. 

Roy, Mr. W. Ormiston, Montreal, Can- 
ada. 

Ruelberg, Dr. Reinhold, Brighton. 

Runnells, Mr. John, Lynn. 

Sadlier, Mr. Charles W., Walden, N. Y. 

Sampson, Miss L. Edith, Troy, N. Y. 



*Life Members. 



NEW MEMBERS IN 1929 



129 



Samson, Mrs. Edward, Brookline. 

Sanford, Mr. 0. Ernest, Greenwood. 

Sanger, Mr. Karl E., Framingham. 

Satady, Miss Margaret Robertson, 
Hingham. 

Saunders, Miss L. Maude, Boston. 

Sauter, Mr. George M., Belmont. 

Sawtelle, Mrs. Harry F., North Scitu- 
ate. 

Sawyer, Mrs. E. J., Newton. 

Sawyer, Mr. Henry B., Boston. 

Sawyer, Miss Mary T., Boston. 

Scammon, Miss Edith, Brookline. 

Schagen, Mr. Rose H., Haverhill. 

Scheffy, Mrs. E. L., West Mansfield. 

Schley, Mrs. R. M., Rockport. 

Schmidt, Mrs. A. P., Jamaica Plain. 

Scholz, Mr. Richard W., South Brain- 
tree. 

Schubert, Miss Bernice G., Roxbury. 

Scott, Miss Anne, Cambridge. 

Scott, Miss Mary, Medford. 

Scott, Miss Mary A., Framingham. 

Seagrave, Mrs. George E., Wellesley. 

Searles, Mr. John W., Plymouth. 

Sears, Mrs. Frank D., Hyde Park. 

Sears, Mr. Philip S., Brookline. 

Sebastian, Mrs. L. A., West Acton. 

Seeley, Mrs. Elisha B., Newton Center. 

Segerstrom, Mrs. David, Arlington. 

Sharkey, Mr. James T., Dorchester. 

Shaw, Mrs. Edgar D., New York, N. Y. 

Shaw, Miss Elizabeth C., Cambridge. 

Shaw, Miss Miriam, Harvard. ■ 

Shea, Mrs. David P., Boston. 

Shelton, Miss Emma D., Jamaica Plain. 

Shepard, Mrs. T. H., Brookline. 

Sherman, Dr. F. M., West Newton. 

Shew ell, Mr. Robert L., Milton. 

Shove, Miss Margaret, Fall River. 

Sill, Mrs. Francis J., Westboro. 

Silbsbury, Miss Florence, Salem. 

Silsby, Miss Alice A., Bradford. 

Silva, Mr. W. A., Plymouth. 

Simmons, Mrs. Fay A., Wellesley. 

Simonds, Mrs. G. H., North Andover. 

Simpson, Mrs. A. D., West Somerville. 

Sinclair, Mr. Harry R., Worcester. 

Sinclair, Mrs. Harry R., Worcester. 

Skinner, Mrs. B. Warren, Lynnfield 
Center. 

Skinner, Mr. Frank A., Princeton. 

Skinner, Mr. Henry T., Ithaca, N. Y. 

Slade, Mr. Wesley L., Everett. 

Sleeper, Mrs. F. W., Medford Hillside. 

Smalley, Mr. F. H., Auburndale. 

Smith, Mrs. A. M., Roslindale. 

Smith, Mrs. Anson H., Dedham. 

Smith, Miss Charlotte, Melrose High- 
lands. 



Smith, Miss Florence S., Lawrence. 

Smith, Mrs. Gabriel, West Somerville. 

Smith, Miss Gile, Maiden. 

Smith, Miss Jessica, Dorchester. 

Smith, Mrs. S. J., Lowell. 

Smith, Mr. Sherwood S„ Newton Cen- 
ter. 

Smith, Mrs. Whipple F., Beach Bluff. 

Snow, Mrs. Grace G., Wellfleet. 

Snow, Miss Hattie E., Winchester. 

Snow, Miss Rachel P., Falmouth. 

Soderholtz, Mr. E. E., West Goulds- 
boro, Maine. 

Spalding, Mr. George F. f Newton Cen- 
ter. 

Speares, Mr. Albert, Needham. 

Speed, Miss Mary Louise, London, 
England. 

Spencer, Mrs. George O., Augusta, 
Maine. 

Sperry, Mrs. Marcy L., Milton. 

Spooner, Mrs. F. W., Auburndale. 

Sprague, Mrs. Charles F., Swampscott. 

*Sprague, Mr. Isaac, Jr., Wellesley 
Hills. 

Sprague, Mrs. Isaac, Jr., Wellesley 
Hills. 

Sprague, Miss L. Gertrude, Dorchester. 

Sprague, Mrs. Laurelle E., Swampscott. 

Sproul, Mrs. F. W., Brockton. 

Stackpole, Mrs. Maud C, Boston. 

Stacy, Mrs. Harold W., Annisquam. 

Start, Mrs. A. O., Union, Maine. 

Stearns, Mr. George H., Sharon. 

Stearns, Mrs. P. J., Bedford. 

Stearns, Mrs. Roland D., Chestnut Hill. 

Stetson, Mrs. Graydon, Boston. 

Stetson, Mrs. Herbert O., Waban. 

Stevens, Miss Grace 0., Marlboro. 

Stevens, Miss Mildred F., Westwood. 

Stevens, Mrs. Samuel D., North And- 
over. 

Stever, Mr. Harry C, Yarmouthport. 

Stewart, Mr. Arnold T., Boston. 

Stewart, Mrs. Ethel S., New York, 
N. Y. 

Stiles, Mrs. James A., Gardner. 

Stillings, Mrs. Herbert S., North And- 
over. 

Stillings, Miss Marie L., Winchester. 

*Stone, Mrs. Galen L., Brookline. 

Storey, Mrs. Charles R., Brockton. 

Stover, Mrs. Charles L., Lowell. 

Strout, Mr. V. L., Waltham. 

Sturtevant, Mr. L. H., Quincy. 

Sullivan, Mr. Robert A., Belmont. 

Sumner, Miss Amie M., Canton. 

Sumner, Mrs. George N, Canton. 

Sumner, Miss Mary A., Scituate. 

Sutton, Mr. William P., Cambridge. 



*Life Members. 



130 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



Swain, Mrs. J. S., Cambridge. 

Swain, Mrs. Ralph G., Brockton. 

Swett, Miss Frances L., Gloucester. 

Swift, Mrs. Herbert D., Boston. 

Sylva, Miss Eleanor, Gloucester. 

Sylvester, Mr. Howard, North Abing- 
ton. 

Symonds, Mrs. Herbert S., Dedham. 

Taber, Mr. Arthur H., Boston. 

Taber, Mrs. Wendell, Boston. 

Tait, Mr. James, Brookline. 

Talbot, Mr. Joseph F., North Billerica. 

Taylor, Miss Ada L., Hartford, Conn. 

Taylor, Mrs. Charles H., Jr., Dover. 

Taylor, Miss Elizabeth M., Boston. 

Taylor, Mrs. Frank, Bridgewater. 

Taylor, Mrs. G. W., Brookline. 

Taylor, Mr. Harold, New Augusta, Ind. 

Temple, Mrs. G. F., Reading. 

Tewksbury, Miss Marjorie, Winthrop. 

Thacher, Mrs. F. G., Hyannis. 

Thain, Miss Lillian F., Boston. 

Thaxter, Mr. Roland, Cambridge. 

Thayer, Mr. F. E., Lexington. 

Thorn, Mrs. D. A., Milton. 

Thomas, Mr. George C, Swampscott. 

Thomas, Miss May V., Brookline. 

Thompson, Mrs. C. T., Boston. 

Thompson, Mr. E. Ward, Quincy. 

Thompson, Miss Helen L., Halifax. 

Thompson, Miss Lenora E., Cambridge. 

Thralls, Mrs. Luna H., Hymera, Ind. 

Thresher, Mrs. George A., Williams- 
burg. 

Thurston, Mrs. Edith L., Swampscott. 

Tillock, Mr. John, Southborough. 

Tilton, Mrs. A. T., Vineyard Haven. 

Tingle, Mr. Leamon G., Pittsville, Md. 

Tingley, Mrs. Arthur C, Tewksbury. 

Tinkham, Mr. Eugene L., Hopedale. 

Tirrell, Mrs. Katherine, Hyde Park. 

Tirrell, Mrs. Martha R., Wells, Maine. 

Todd, Mr. Thomas, Boston. 

Tompkins, Miss Alma, Pigeon Cove. 

Townsend, Miss Miriam, Melrose High- 
lands. 

*Tozzer, Mrs. Alfred, Cambridge. 

Tucker, Miss Blanche E., Boston. 

Tucker, Mr. T. Gordon, Baldwinsville. 

Tuckerman, Mrs. Bayard, Jr., South 
Hamilton. 

Tufts, Mrs. Eugene Brookline. 

Turnbull, Mrs. Frank, Rockport. 

Turner, Mrs. Alfred C, Waban. 

Turner, Mr. Fred H., Woburn. 

Turner, Miss Hattie E., Wollaston. 

Turner, Mr. John C., Boston. 

Tuttle, Mr. Henry C, Wellesley Hills. 

Tyler, Mrs. J. F., Boston. 



Vallandigham, Mrs. E. N., Chestnut 

Hill. 
Van Arsdale, Mrs. Alice N., Buffalo, 

N. Y. 
Van Fleet, Mr. Gerald H., Maiden. 
Van Ness, Mrs. Cornelius, New Canaan, 

Conn. 
Van Nest, Mrs. C. E., Stratford, Conn. 
Van Tol, Mr. Cornelius, Falmouth. 
Van Vleck, Mrs. H. D., Cambridge. 
Van Vleck, Miss Marion G., Cambridge. 
Varnum, Mrs. Thomas H., Lowell. 
Vedeler, Mrs. George T., Cohasset. 
Veitch, Mrs. Johnstone D., New Haven, 

Conn. 
Vestal, Mrs. Anne N., Knoxville, Tenn. 
Vickery, Dr. Lucia F., Jamaica Plain. 
Vickery, Mrs. Robert G„ Brookline. 
Vorenberg, Mrs. Felix, Boston. 
Vose, Miss Hattie M., Stoughton. 
*Wadsworth, Mr. Eliot, Boston. 
Wadsworth, Mrs. Eliot, Boston. 
Wagner, Miss Margaret, Canton. 
Walke, Mr. William T., Salem. 
Walker, Mrs. Hugh L., Newton Center. 
Walkley, Mrs. Edward I., Marblehead. 
Wallace, Mrs. Arthur J., Newtonville. 
Wallace, Mr. J. Allen, Milford. 
Wallace, Miss Jennie Wilder, Boston. 
Wallace, Jr., Mr. John B., New Haven, 

Conn. 
Wallace, Miss Margaret J., Manchester, 

N. H. 
Wallis, Mrs. Fred F., Beverly. 
Walsh, Mr. William J., Wellesley. 
Ward, Miss Erne, Auburndale. 
Ward, Mrs. Sarah S., East Lynn. 
Ware, Mr. Charles B., New London, 

Conn. 
Warr. Mr. James, Worcester. 
Washburn, Mr. William S., Brockton. 
Watkins, Mr. Willard H., Cambridge. 
Watson, Mrs. George H., Milton. 
Watson, Miss Mabel D., Cambridge. 
Watson, Miss Minyan, Taunton. 
Watson, Mr. Robert, Walpole, N. H. 
Weatherup, Mr. Thomas, Cohasset. 
Webber, Miss Isabel, Gloucester. 
Webster, Mrs. George G,, Sharon. 
Webster, Mr. William H., Great Bar- 

rington. 
Wentworth, Mrs. Annie L., Lexington. 
Wesson, Mrs. A. G., Worcester. 
Westhaver, Mr. A. H., Maiden. 
Wheeler, Miss Adeline E., Boston. 
Wheeler, Mr. Jay H., Hood River, Ore. 
Wheeler, Mr. Robert, West Newbury. 
Wheeler, Mr. S. B., Needham. 
Whitacre, Mrs. Emily S., St. Paul, 

Minn. 



*Life Members. 



NEW MEMBERS IN 1929 



131 



Whitaker, Mrs. Joseph W., East Nor- 
ton. 

White, Miss Gertrude M., Andover, 
Conn. 

White, Mr. H. Linwood, Danvers. 

White, Mrs. Ralph W., Bridgewater. 

Whitney, Miss Henrietta P., West New- 
ton. 

Whitney, Mrs. John G., Boston. 

Whitney, Mr. Oren F., Biddeford, 
Maine. 

*Whitney, Jr., Mr. Theodore T., Mil- 
ton 

♦Whittle, Mrs. Helen G., Peterboro, 
N. H. 

Wiggin, Mr. H. Theron, Wellesley. 

Wiggins, Miss Bernice L., Arlington 
Heights. 

Wilder, Mrs. Louise Beebe, Bronxville, 
N. Y. 

Willcox, Miss Mary Alice, Newtonville. 

Williams, Mr. Alexander K., Roslindale. 

Williams, Mr. A. T., Boston. 

Williams, Mr. Boylston, Wellesley. 

Williams, Mr. Edward, Boston. 

Williams, Mr. John H, Waltham. 

Williams, Mr. R. Boak, Dorchester. 

Williams, Mrs. Roger, Canton. 

Williamson, Mr. Charles A., Brockton. 

Wilmarth, Mr. E. R., North Attleboro. 

Wilson, Mrs. W. S., Roslindale. 

Wing, Mrs. A. B., West Somerville. 

Winter, Mrs. Edna R., Cambridge. 

Witbeck, Mrs. L. W., Waban. 

Witherby, Mr. J. B., New York, N. Y. 



Witt, Mr. Edward A., Conneautville, 
Pa. 

Wolcott, Mr. Oliver, Hamilton. 

Wolfe, Miss Martha, Medford. 

Wood, Miss Annie B., Brookline. 

Wood, Mr. C. A., Brooktondale, N. Y. 

Wood, Mrs. Charles M., Ipswich. 

Wood, Mrs. Frank H, Arlington. 

Wood, Mrs. W. Rufus, Taunton. 

Woodbury, Mrs. Eva A., Framingham 
Center. 

Woodbury, Mr. Ray W., Cambridge. 

Woodman, Miss F. R., Arlington. 

Woodward, Mr. 0. C, Plainville. 

Woodworth, Miss Laura A., Fitchburg. 

Worth, Mr. T. F., Lynn. 

Wright, Mr. 0. S., Hathorne. 

Wright, Mrs. Charles M., Woburn. 

Wright, Mrs. Ellen E., West Newton. 

Wright, Miss Flora B., Roslindale. 

Wright, Mrs. Stephen E., Auburndale. 

Wrightington, Mrs. Edgar N., Brook- 
line. 

Wyman, Mr. Charles F., Arlington. 

Wyman, Miss M. Louise, Worcester. 

Wyman, Mr. William U., Winchester. 

Yauney, Mrs. G. V., Ralston, Neb. 

Yeames, Mr. Harold A., Arlington. 

Yerrington, Miss Elizabeth, Arlington. 

Young, Mrs. C. E., Methuen. 

Young, Mr. Charles A., Melrose High- 
lands. 

Young, Mr. Nicholas, Newton. 

Zara, Mrs. F. A., Long Island, N. Y. 



*Life Members. 





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Library Bureau Cat. no. 1! 37